The quality of the relation between handler and military dogs influences efficiency and welfare of dogs
Contributor(s):: Lefebvre, D., Diederich, C., Delcourt, M., Giffroy, J. M.
Over the last 10 years, the influence of the dog-owner relationship on dog behaviour has received growing attention, unlike the working dog handler's relationship. Using a questionnaire addressed to the 430 dog handlers of the Belgian army in 2001 (303 respondents), this study investigated the...
A note: the effects of human handling on heart girth, behaviour and milk quality in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Jackson, K. M. A., Hackett, D.
Research on cattle, lambs and pigs suggests that when animals do not receive positive physical attention ("gentling") from their stockpersons, they become fearful, stressed, less productive, and less healthy overall. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects that positive human...
A preliminary model of human-animal relationships in the zoo
Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.
The concept of the human-animal relationship (HAR) is widely used in farm animal research to describe the outcome of the different qualities and quantities of interaction between stockpersons and the animals in their care. Thus, negative, positive or neutral HARs may result from the effect of...
Behaviour of horses in the "round pen technique"
Contributor(s):: Krueger, K.
I investigated the behavioural background of the way horses learn to follow humans in the "round pen technique" suggested by "horse whisperers" as a gentle method for initial horse training. Though the practicability of this technique has been adequately demonstrated in the past, the horses'...
Owner characteristics and interactions and the prevalence of canine behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Jagoe, A., Serpell, J.
The socializing role of hearing dogs
Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Zasloff, R. L., Benfatto, A. M.
Developments in the study of human-animal relationships
Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K.
Dominance relationships and aggression of foals ( Equus caballus )
Contributor(s):: Araba, B. D., Crowell-Davis, S. L.
A herd of 15 Belgian brood-mares and 10 foals was studied. Field data were collected using 30-min focal samples, such that 1 h of data was collected on each foal per week of its life. Social spacing was recorded at 2-min intervals. Social encounters during the focal samples were recorded on...
Even minimal human contact linked to nursing reduces fear responses toward humans in rabbits
Contributor(s):: Csatadi, K., Kustos, K., Eiben, C., Bilko, A., Altbacker, V.
When handled around nursing time during the first week after birth, the fear response of rabbits toward humans is reduced later on. But although this might be crucial for practical application, the duration of daily treatment necessary to achieve this effect was not known so far. In the present...
A longitudinal test of the belief that companion animal ownership can help reduce loneliness
Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., McNicholas, J., Collis, G. M.
The widely held belief that companion animal ownership can help to reduce loneliness was tested using a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. Over a six-month period, 59 participants completed the UCLA-Loneliness Scale when they were seeking to acquire a companion animal. Participants'...
A view from the bridge: subjectivity, embodiment and animal minds
Contributor(s):: Dutton, D., Williams, C.
In contemporary discussions of animal mind the difficulty of studying the nature of private, subjective awareness in animals is often seen as a barrier to a fuller understanding of animal experience. Relatively little work has focused on more recent psychological accounts of mind that emphasize...
An investigation of human-animal interactions and empathy as related to pet preference, ownership, attachment, and attitudes in children
Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Morton, L. L.
A group of elementary students (n=155) were surveyed with respect to four aspects of relationships with pets - preference, ownership, attachment, and attitude - in order to further explore the connection that appears to exist between human-animal interactions and empathy. The investigation was...
Benefits derived from companion animals, and the use of the term "attachment"
Contributor(s):: Crawford, E. K., Worsham, N. L., Swinehart, E. R.
Researchers have discovered that companion animals can physically and psychologically benefit their owners, and some argue that one's attachment to a companion animal influences those benefits. However, those studying the human-companion animal bond have used measures of attachment that may...
Companion animals as selfobjects
Contributor(s):: Brown, S. E.
This research examined whether self psychology could be systematically applied to human-animal relationships. Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted, which consisted of 16 questions designed to illuminate selfobject needs. The interviews were intended to identify whether the...
Development of the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS)
Contributor(s):: Dwyer, F., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.
With increasing scientific and clinical attention being paid to the formation, nature and consequences of human-companion animal relationships, there is a need to develop scales with which to assess such relationships in a rigorous, empirically valid manner. Accordingly, the aim in this study was...
Emily Dickinson had a dog: an interpretation of the human-dog bond
Contributor(s):: Adams, M.
The study examines selected letters and poems of the poet Emily Dickinson to better understand the relationship between Dickinson and her Newfoundland dog Carlo. Citations from these sources indicate that Carlo helped Dickinson feel protected, that his presence soothed her anxiety, and that she...
Go, dog, go: maze training AIBO vs. a live dog, an exploratory study
Contributor(s):: Pepe, A. A., Ellis, L. U., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in interaction and attribution when participants directed either a robotic dog (AIBO) or a live dog. Twenty-nine participants (20 female, 9 male) directed one of the two entities, a live dog or AIBO, through a complex maze from a remote...
How dogs influence the evaluation of psychotherapists
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Research has shown that the presence of a companion animal reduces anxiety, encourages interaction among humans and enhances the way in which people are perceived. These are all effects which would be useful in a psychotherapeutic setting. On this basis the current study investigated the effect...
Interpreting the bucrania of Catalhoyuk: James Mellaart, Dorothy Cameron, and beyond
Contributor(s):: Relke, J.
The bucranium (bull's head and horns) has been recognized as the most prevalent three-dimensional art form found during the excavations of the Neolithic village of Catalhoyuk in central Turkey. James Mellaart interpreted it as the symbol of the son and lover of the Great Mother Goddess,...
Methodological issues in studying the anxiety-reducing effects of animals: reflections from a pediatric dental study
Contributor(s):: Schwartz, A., Patronek, G.
This article reports observations made during a study investigating the role of a therapy dog in reducing anxiety in urban children visiting the dentist in a dental clinic in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The design and execution of the study were affected by methodological issues such as the...