A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets
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Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.
The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...
Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction
Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks
Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.
Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
The fearful, anxious, & worried pet
Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.
What or where? The meaning of referential human pointing for dogs ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Tauzin, T., Csik, A., Kis, A., Topal, J.
Dogs have a unique capacity to follow human pointing, and thus it is often assumed that they can comprehend the referential meaning of such signals. However, it is still unclear whether dogs perceive human directional gestures as signals referring to a target object (indicating what to...
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.
When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)
Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.
Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...
Cognition and learning in horses ( Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.
Horses ( Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...
Does affective information influence domestic dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?
Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.
Several studies have examined dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...
Man's other best friend: domestic cats ( F. silvestris catus) and their discrimination of human emotion cues
Contributor(s):: Galvan, M., Vonk, J.
The ability of domestic dogs ( C. lupus famaliaris) to follow and attend to human emotion expressions is well documented. It is unknown whether domestic cats ( F. silvestris catus) possess similar abilities. Because cats belong to the same order ( Carnivora), but did not evolve to live in complex...
The ongoing impact of domestic violence on animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Catherine M. Tiplady, Deborah B. Walsh, J.c. Phillips
A study of five women who had left violent relationships six months previously was undertaken to elicit information on the importance of companion animals during the violence and subsequent period. The questions focused on the women’s experiences of companion animal ownership during...
Characteristics of hippotherapeutic horses in Poland
Contributor(s):: Pawelec, A., Kubinska, M., Jastrzebska, E., Wejer, J.
This study analysed selected traits of hippotherapeutic horses and the ways of using themin Poland. The studies were carried out with 86 horses from 18 hippotherapy centres. Based on the collected data, it was concluded that, on average, 4.8 horses per centre were used for hippotherapy purposes....
The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs' obedience performance in different conditions
Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Kosztolanyi, A., Delanoeije, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs' responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human-dog...
The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked
Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.
The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...
Ce que les noms des chiens des sans-abris revelent de leurs maitres
Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.
In recent years, a frustrating new trend has been observed by those working with homeless people in developed cities: the emergence of a growing group of wandering dog-owners whose lives are highly impacted by their bond to the animal. In this study, we take a close look at the dogs' names to...
The Agapetic Attitude and the Future of Philosophy
Contributor(s):: Rose, Mary Carman
Homeless people with dogs: what can be learned from the animals' names?Ce que les noms des chiens des sans-abris revelent de leurs maitres