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  1. Human-Animal Relationship in Dairy Farming: Evaluation of measures for on-farm application and investigation of influences on cows´ behaviour towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Asja Ebinghaus

    The objective of the present thesis was (1) to evaluate measures of the human-animal relationship (HAR) in dairy cows regarding their reliability, validity and practical applicability in animal welfare science and breeding. (2) Moreover, important human and farm influences on the cows´...

  2. Reliability of Fear Assessment in Growing Pigs Exposed to a Novel Object Test in Commercial Conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, Antoni, Mainau, Eva, Velarde, Antonio

    The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and feasibility of a novel object test assessing fear in pigs in commercial conditions. A total of 18 commercial farms were visited, and 321 pens housing 4,220 growing pigs were assessed. Three balloons were used as a novel stimulus....

  3. Personality in felids: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Although there has been an increase in felid personality research, much more work is needed, with only 20 published studies, 17 of which focused on the domestic cat. Most studies show important implications for this type of research, but there is no consensus on terminology, method, or...

  4. Inter-observer reliability of Qualitative Behavioural Assessments of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Phythian, Clare, Michalopoulou, Eleni, Duncan, Jennifer, Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is whole-animal methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal demeanour using descriptors such as ‘relaxed’, ‘anxious’ or ‘content’. This study aimed to examine the inter-observer reliability of 12 fixed-list QBA descriptors for sheep that had...

  5. Development of the behavioural assessment for re-homing K9's (B.A.R.K.) protocol

    | Contributor(s):: Mornement, Kate M., Coleman, Grahame J., Toukhsati, Samia, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Globally, millions of dogs enter the welfare shelter system each year. Before being made available for adoption dogs are typically screened for their suitability as companions by way of a “temperament test” or behavioural assessment. In Australia, the majority of dogs that fail their behavioural...

  6. Who's afraid of the big bad glove? Testing for fear and its correlates in mink

    | Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Duncan, Ian, Bechard, Allison, Mason, Georgia J.

    Fear in farm animals is a welfare and economic concern. For Scandinavian mink, the “stick test” is common for assessing fearfulness: a spatula is inserted into the cage and minks’ immediate responses are noted. However, on Ontario farms, fearfulness in the stick test was very rare and aggressive...

  7. Qualitative behaviour assessment of dairy buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

    | Contributor(s):: Napolitano, Fabio, De Rosa, Giuseppe, Grasso, Fernando, Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    This study applies qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA) for the first time to dairy buffaloes, using three groups of observers with different cultural backgrounds and different levels of experience in animal behaviour observation and buffalo farming. Eight buffalo heifers aged 16–18 months were...

  8. Development of approach and handling tests for the assessment of reactivity to humans of sows housed in stall or in group

    | Contributor(s):: Clouard, Caroline, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Devillers, Nicolas

    The aim of the present study was to develop reliable and easy-to-use tests for on-farm assessment of sow reactivity to human in different housing systems. A total of 123 gestating sows at different parities and stages of pregnancy were successively subjected to two tests according to their...

  9. Reliability of different behavioural tests for growing pigs on-farm

    | Contributor(s):: Czycholl, Irena, Menke, Stina, Straßburg, Carolin, Krieter, Joachim

  10. Reliability of different behavioural tests for growing pigs on-farm

    | Contributor(s):: Czycholl, Irena, Menke, Stina, Straßburg, Carolin, Krieter, Joachim

    Behavioural tests might have the potential to evaluate certain aspects of welfare such as emotional state or the human-animal relationship. However, reliability assessments of these tests are rare. Therefore, in this study, different behavioural tests for growing pigs were assessed regarding...

  11. Subjective methods to quantify temperament in beef cattle are insensitive to the number and biases of observers

    | Contributor(s):: Parham, Jamie T., Tanner, Amy E., Wahlberg, Mark L., Grandin, Temple, Lewis, Ronald M.

    Associations between excitable temperament and many economically relevant traits have been established, resulting in an increased focus on docility in breeding programs in cattle. Several methods have been proposed to quantify temperament during normal handling procedures, which appear to differ...

  12. How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute

    For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...

  13. Inter- and intra-observer reliability of different methods for recording temperament in beef and dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Vogt, Anina, Aditia, Edit Lesa, Schlechter, Imke, Schütze, Susanne, Geburt, Katrin, Gauly, Matthias, König von Borstel, Uta

    Breeding of cattle with docile temperament can simplify routine practices and enhance welfare of cattle in common production systems. The aim of the study was to compare and validate some aspects of assessment methods for temperament traits in cattle for their potential use in breeding...

  14. Comparing two canine personality assessments: Convergence of the MCPQ-R and DPQ and consensus between dog owners and dog walkers

    | Contributor(s):: Posluns, Julie A., Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    Despite the number of emerging questionnaire-based canine personality assessments, there is still no consensus on the content and number of broad personality dimensions in domestic dogs. In the current study, we compared two canine personality questionnaires: The Monash Canine Personality...

  15. Inconsistency in dairy calves’ responses to tests of fearfulness

    | Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Atkinson, Dax, Weary, Daniel M.

    Fear is an important welfare problem for farm animals, including cattle. A variety of methods of assessing fear have been proposed, but the reliability and validity of these methods, and ways of improving these characteristics, have received little study. We conducted a series of experiments to...

  16. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows’ reactivity towards humans

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Rupp, Julia, Knierim, Ute

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows – as part of the HAR – is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  17. Design and test of a web-survey for collecting observer’s ratings on dairy goats’ behavioural data

    | Contributor(s):: Vieira, Ana, Oliveira, Mónica D., Nunes, Telmo, Stilwell, George

    A considerable amount of behavioural research studies are based on observer’s ratings collected during field visits. New methods for collecting this type of data have recently emerged, for instance using videos or photographs that are presented and assessed during workshops or meetings, or...

  18. On-farm Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of dairy goats in different housing conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Grosso, Lilia, Battini, Monica, Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Barbieri, Sara, Minero, Michela, Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana

    This study reports the results of the first investigation on the use of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) in dairy goats, using a fixed-list of descriptors specifically developed for this species. It aimed to verify whether QBA can be reliably used by observers with different backgrounds to...

  19. Frothy saliva—A novel indicator to assess stereotypies in sows?

    | Contributor(s):: Friedrich, Lena, Krieter, Joachim, Kemper, Nicole, Czycholl, Irena

    The present study aimed at introducing a reliable and more feasible indicator to evaluate stereotypies in sows in comparison with the ‘Welfare Quality® animal welfare assessment protocol for sows and piglets’. Therefore, the indicators for the assessment of stereotypies of the Welfare Quality®...

  20. The moral standing of animals: Towards a psychology of speciesism

    | Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Everett, Jim A. C., Faber, Nadira S.