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  1. Between Subsistence Hunting and Environmental Sustainability: Conservation and Social Reproduction in the Northeast of Uruguay

    Contributor(s):: Chouhy, Magdalena, Dabezies, Juan Martin

  2. Strategic use of straw as environmental enrichment for prepartum sows in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Aparecida Martins, Renata, Ribeiro Caldara, Fabiana, Crone, Carla, Markiy Odakura, Agnês, Bevilacqua, Augusto, Oliveira dos Santos Nieto, Viviane Maria, Aparecida Felix, Gisele, Pereira dos Santos, Alessandra, Sousa dos Santos, Luan, Garófallo Garcia, Rodrigo, de Castro Lippi, Isabella Cristina

  3. A multifactorial evaluation of different reproductive rhythms and housing systems for improving welfare in rabbit does

    Contributor(s):: Munari, Chiara, Ponzio, Patrizia, Macchi, Elisabetta, Elkhawagah, Ahmed R., Tarantola, Martina, Ponti, Giovanna, Mugnai, Cecilia

    The most widespread reproductive rhythm practiced in rabbit farming is based on artificial insemination (AI) performed at around 11 days pospartum. This approach results in high production rates, but requires high yearly replacement of animals that cannot sustain the enormous energy demand....

  4. Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)

    Contributor(s):: Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra

    Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...

  5. Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Ivy, Jamie A., Vicino, Greg A., Schork, Ivana G.

    To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being...

  6. Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing

    Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres

    Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....

  7. The use of GPS data to identify calving behaviour of farmed red deer hinds: Proof of concept for intensively managed hinds

    Contributor(s):: Asher, G. W., Wall, A. J., O’Neill, K. T., Littlejohn, R. P., Bryant, A., Cox, N.

    This study investigated the utility of GPS data for assigning individual calving dates and times for red deer hinds based on already known generalised movement patterns around parturition. Nineteen hinds expected to calve in early November were fitted with GPS neck collars two weeks before...

  8. Stereotypic behaviours and mating success in domestic mares

    Contributor(s):: Benhajali, Haifa, Ezzaouia, Mohammed, Lunel, Christophe, Charfi, Faouzia, Hausberger, Martine

    Stereotypies are often associated with suboptimal environments. However, their adaptive significance remains under debate. The aim of this study was to relate the occurrence of stereotypies in breeding mares to their mating success. The overall, first and second cycle conception rates,...

  9. Who's afraid of the big bad glove? Testing for fear and its correlates in mink

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Duncan, Ian, Bechard, Allison, Mason, Georgia J.

    Fear in farm animals is a welfare and economic concern. For Scandinavian mink, the “stick test” is common for assessing fearfulness: a spatula is inserted into the cage and minks’ immediate responses are noted. However, on Ontario farms, fearfulness in the stick test was very rare and aggressive...

  10. Role of vocalisations and social housing in breeding in captive howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya)

    Contributor(s):: Farmer, Holly L., Plowman, Amy B., Leaver, Lisa A.

    Over the last 12 years the European captive population of black and gold howler monkeys, Alouatta caraya, has increased at a slow rate and many groups have not produced offspring. This study aims to determine the influence of social organisation of captive groups and both performing and hearing...

  11. Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers

    Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.

  12. Foraging performance, prosociality, and kin presence do not predict lifetime reproductive success in batek hunter-gatherers

    Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.

  13. Trade-offs between litter size and offspring fitness in domestic pigs subjected to different genetic selection pressures

    Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Newberry, Ruth C., Andersen, Inger Lise

    Artificial selection of the domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) offers a useful model for investigating changes in behaviour associated with reproductive trade-offs between litter size and fitness of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of litter size on teat stimulation,...

  14. Reproductive behaviour of two tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus, Linné, 1758; Sarotherodon melanotheron, Rüppel, 1852) in freshwater intra and interspecific pairing context

    Contributor(s):: Akian, Djétouan Dieudonné, Yao, Kouakou, Clota, Frédéric, Lozano, Paul, Baroiller, Jean François, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (NT) and Black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (BCT) are respectively characterized by fast growth and water salinity tolerance which attract the farmers who could take advantage of both species characteristics by producing hybrids reared in brackish...

  15. Prolonged nest building increase the reproductive outcome in American female mink

    Contributor(s):: Schou, Toke Munk, Palme, Rupert, Malmkvist, Jens

    The timing of the onset of maternal-related nest building in American mink is unknown, and it is expected that farmed mink are highly motivated to perform nest building during times with restricted access to nesting material on mink farms. Not fulfilled motivations due to thwarting can lead to...

  16. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.

  17. A Feminist Analysis of Human and Animal Oppression: Intersectionality Among Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelsey Brown

    In this paper I focus on animal exploitation as a feminist issue. I discuss reproductive exploitation in humans and domesticated animals, language as a tool of oppression, the power dynamics involved in hunting and consuming animals, and the barriers that are faced when people try to access...

  18. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  19. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  20. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...