Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)
Contributor(s):: Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra
Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...
Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare
Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Ivy, Jamie A., Vicino, Greg A., Schork, Ivana G.
To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being...
Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing
Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres
Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....
The use of GPS data to identify calving behaviour of farmed red deer hinds: Proof of concept for intensively managed hinds
Contributor(s):: Asher, G. W., Wall, A. J., O’Neill, K. T., Littlejohn, R. P., Bryant, A., Cox, N.
This study investigated the utility of GPS data for assigning individual calving dates and times for red deer hinds based on already known generalised movement patterns around parturition. Nineteen hinds expected to calve in early November were fitted with GPS neck collars two weeks before...
Stereotypic behaviours and mating success in domestic mares
Contributor(s):: Benhajali, Haifa, Ezzaouia, Mohammed, Lunel, Christophe, Charfi, Faouzia, Hausberger, Martine
Stereotypies are often associated with suboptimal environments. However, their adaptive significance remains under debate. The aim of this study was to relate the occurrence of stereotypies in breeding mares to their mating success. The overall, first and second cycle conception rates,...
Who's afraid of the big bad glove? Testing for fear and its correlates in mink
Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Duncan, Ian, Bechard, Allison, Mason, Georgia J.
Fear in farm animals is a welfare and economic concern. For Scandinavian mink, the “stick test” is common for assessing fearfulness: a spatula is inserted into the cage and minks’ immediate responses are noted. However, on Ontario farms, fearfulness in the stick test was very rare and aggressive...
Role of vocalisations and social housing in breeding in captive howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya)
Contributor(s):: Farmer, Holly L., Plowman, Amy B., Leaver, Lisa A.
Over the last 12 years the European captive population of black and gold howler monkeys, Alouatta caraya, has increased at a slow rate and many groups have not produced offspring. This study aims to determine the influence of social organisation of captive groups and both performing and hearing...
Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers
Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.
Foraging performance, prosociality, and kin presence do not predict lifetime reproductive success in batek hunter-gatherers
Trade-offs between litter size and offspring fitness in domestic pigs subjected to different genetic selection pressures
Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Newberry, Ruth C., Andersen, Inger Lise
Artificial selection of the domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) offers a useful model for investigating changes in behaviour associated with reproductive trade-offs between litter size and fitness of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of litter size on teat stimulation,...
Reproductive behaviour of two tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus, Linné, 1758; Sarotherodon melanotheron, Rüppel, 1852) in freshwater intra and interspecific pairing context
Contributor(s):: Akian, Djétouan Dieudonné, Yao, Kouakou, Clota, Frédéric, Lozano, Paul, Baroiller, Jean François, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure
Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (NT) and Black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (BCT) are respectively characterized by fast growth and water salinity tolerance which attract the farmers who could take advantage of both species characteristics by producing hybrids reared in brackish...
Prolonged nest building increase the reproductive outcome in American female mink
Contributor(s):: Schou, Toke Munk, Palme, Rupert, Malmkvist, Jens
The timing of the onset of maternal-related nest building in American mink is unknown, and it is expected that farmed mink are highly motivated to perform nest building during times with restricted access to nesting material on mink farms. Not fulfilled motivations due to thwarting can lead to...
Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.
A Feminist Analysis of Human and Animal Oppression: Intersectionality Among Species
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Kelsey Brown
In this paper I focus on animal exploitation as a feminist issue. I discuss reproductive exploitation in humans and domesticated animals, language as a tool of oppression, the power dynamics involved in hunting and consuming animals, and the barriers that are faced when people try to access...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...