The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Pijariurniq: Inuit performances and rituals of the first time
Contributor(s):: Saladin d'Anglure, Bernard
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?
Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Beausoleil, N. J., Johnson, C. B., Webster, J. R., Schutz, K. E., Cox, N., Stafford, K. J.
To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical 'farmer friendly' methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...
Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition
Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.
The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.
Absence of effects from immunocontraception on seasonal birth patterns and foal survival among barrier island wild horses
Contributor(s):: Kirkpatrick, J. F., Turner, A.
Despite a large body of safety data, concern exists that porcine zonae pellucidae (PZP) immunocontraception - used to manage wild horse populations - may cause out-of-season births with resulting foal mortality. Our study at Assateague, Maryland indicated the effects of immunocontraception on...
Assessment: effects of porcine zona pellucida immunocontraception on oestrous cyclicity in feral horses
Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Monfort, S. L.
The following study used noninvasive faecal hormone monitoring to assess whether contraception with porcine zona pellucida (PZP) had an impact on oestrous cycle characteristics in a herd of feral horses living on Assateague Island, Maryland. The study assayed longitudinal faecal samples,...
Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)
Contributor(s):: Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan, Mahadevan, Sekar
This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density)....
Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?
Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.
Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...
Octopus senescence: the beginning of the end
Contributor(s):: Anderson, R. C., Wood, J. B., Byrne, R. A.
Senescence is a normal stage of an octopus's life cycle that often occurs before death. Some of the following symptoms typify it: lack of feeding, retraction of skin around the eyes, uncoordinated movement, increased undirected activity, and white unhealing lesions on the body. There is inter-...
Preliminary Evaluation of Porcine Zona Pellucida (PZP) Immunocontraception for Behavioral Effects in Feral Horses (Equus caballus)
| Contributor(s):: Powell, David M.
Evaluates the behavioral effects of immunocontraception, a novel method of population control, on feral horses. Behavior of sexually mature mares after administration of Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraception; Differences between PZP-treated and untreated mares in general activity...
Socialization of a single hand-reared tiger cub
| Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Bashaw, M. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Given the drawbacks of hand-rearing nonhuman animals in captivity, the practice is generally avoided, but it is sometimes necessary. A few scientific publications are available to guide managers toward best practices in hand-rearing, but the majority of articles focus on hand-rearing captive...
Using fecal hormonal and behavioral analyses to evaluate the introduction of two sable antelope at Lincoln Park Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Loeding, E., Thomas, J., Bernier, D., Santymire, R.
Introductions of sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) can be difficult due to the potential ensuing aggression compounded by their large horns. The goal was to use hormonal assays and behavioral analyses to evaluate the success of an introduction of 2 adult females at Lincoln Park Zoo. The...
Dec 10 2014
Surgery Not Required: Current and Future Options in Fertility Control of Dogs and Cats
A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity
| Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Mayer, D. G., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M., Stafford, K. J.
Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...
Aggressiveness and locomotion activity related to hatching time in Matrinxa, Brycon amazonicus (Spix and Agassiz, 1829)
| Contributor(s):: Souza, E. C. M. de, Silva, J. P. da, Villacorta-Correa, M. A., Carvalho, T. B.
Since agonistic interaction has been a major obstacle for fish hatchery and represents great economic losses for fish farmers, aggressiveness during the different post-hatching stages of the matrinxa, Brycon amazonicus, is analyzed and compared. Each group of three larvae was observed at six...
Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception
| Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Powers, J. G., Garbe, H. M., Oehler, M. W., Sr., Nett, T. M., Baker, D. L.
Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...
Crib-biting and its heritability in Finnhorses
| Contributor(s):: Hemmann, K., Raekallio, M., Vainio, O., Juga, J.
Crib-biting in horses is a stereotypical oral behaviour with a prevalence of 2.8-15%, varying between breeds. A genetic basis for crib-biting has been suggested by many researchers, but due to incomplete information on families or the lack of a sufficient number of verified crib-biters,...
Effects of genetic selection for residual feed intake on behavioral reactivity of castrated male pigs to novel stimuli tests
| Contributor(s):: Colpoys, J. D., Abell, C. E., Young, J. M., Keating, A. F., Gabler, N. K., Millman, S. T., Siegford, J. M., Johnson, A. K.
Increasing feed efficiency in swine is important for increasing sustainable food production and profitability for producers; therefore, this is often selected for at breeding. Residual feed intake (RFI) can be used for the genetic selection of pigs for feed efficiency. In our selection project,...
Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is caused by in utero exposure during late but not early pregnancy
| Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Schonewille, J. T., Dam Van, Tien, Everts, H., Hendriks, W. H.
The aim of the current experiment was to study the effect of the phase of pregnancy on in utero learning of Chromonaela odorata by the goat kids by comparing mid pregnancy (day 50-99, MP) with late pregnancy (day 100-145, LP). It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during late...