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Environmental and Animal Defense: PROD
Contributor(s):: Almiron, Núria, Faria, Catia
Liminal spaces : therapeutic encounters between horses and adolecents
Contributor(s):: Stephanie Terre Blanche
In this study, the intersections between Equine Assisted Psychotherapeutic interventions and adolescence are explored. Equine Assisted therapeutic work has recently gained much popularity in the field of psychology, due to many reported benefits, which include the value of the use of the horse as...
Analysis of dog adoption success and failure using surveys with vignettes
Contributor(s):: Hill, S. E., Murphy, N. C.
Adoption success of dogs who serve as companion animals was analyzed via surveys with vignettes. The researchers administered surveys with vignettes to animal shelter employees, veterinarians, and other animal-care professionals in Eastern North Carolina. Logistic and linear regression analyses...
Experimental control for the ovariectomized rat model: use of sham versus nonmanipulated animal
Contributor(s):: Kruger, M. C., Morel, P. C. H.
One of 2 models required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for registration of a treatment for osteoporosis, the ovariectomized (OVX) rat model, is widely used in scientific studies investigating sex hormone-deficient bone loss. The use of control nonhuman animals is critical because bone...
A standardized ethogram for the Felidae: a tool for behavioral researchers
Contributor(s):: Stanton, L. A., Sullivan, M. S., Fazio, J. M.
Standardized ethograms offer many practical benefits to behavioral researchers, and several examples exist today for various species and taxa. Despite historic evidence that suggests the family Felidae share similar behavioral repertoires, no standardized ethogram providing comprehensive...
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
Jan 16 2016
North American Veterinary Community Conference 2016
The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training
Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.
The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...
Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)
Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.
Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...
The Human/Research Animal Relationship
Contributor(s):: den Hamer, Lisa F.
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.
This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers to...
The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.
Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...
Brief measures of the Animal Attitude Scale
Contributor(s):: Herzog, H., Grayson, S., McCord, D.
There is increasing interest among social and behavioral scientists in brief measures of attitudes and personality traits. Based on factor analysis and using an existing data set ( n=400 adults), we constructed a 5- and a 10-item version of the widely used animal attitude Scale (AAS). Both...
Evidence of competition for nest sites by laying hens in large furnished cages
Contributor(s):: Hunniford, M. E., Torrey, S., Bedecarrats, G., Duncan, I. J. H., Widowski, T. M.
Furnished cages are designed to accommodate behaviour considered important to laying hens, particularly nesting behaviour. Few researchers have studied the degree of competition for nest sites or the extent to which the amount of nest space affects nesting behaviour in large furnished cages. We...
Measuring fear in dogs by questionnaires: an exploratory study toward a standardized inventory
Contributor(s):: Temesi, A., Turcsan, B., Miklosi, A.
Several types of questionnaires are in use to measure fear-related behaviour in family dogs. Our aim was to develop a general questionnaire based on relevant previous studies in order to facilitate the standardization of measurements of fear-related behaviour in dogs (social fear, non-social...
Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale
Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...
Prolonged pain research in mice: trends in reference to the 3Rs
Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Briese, L.
This literature review documents trends in the use of mice in prolonged pain research, defined herein as research that subjects mice to a source of pain for at least 14 days. The total amount of prolonged pain research on mice has increased dramatically in the past decade for the 3 pain...
Thinking outside our cages
Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.
Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...
Time budget and activity patterns of oncilla cats ( Leopardus tigrinus) in captivity
Contributor(s):: Resende, L. de S., Lima e Neto, G., Carvalho, P. G. D., Landau-Remy, G., Ramos Junior, V. de A., Andriolo, A., Genaro, G.
Researchers have reported on the diet of Leopardus tigrinus and ecological aspects, but studies of behavior are scarce. The aims of this study were to describe the time budget and activity patterns of 10 captive Leopardus tigrinus individuals. The group had an activity budget of 66% resting,...