Clustering and synchrony in laying hens: The effect of environmental resources on social dynamics
Contributor(s):: Collins, Lisa M., Asher, Lucy, Pfeiffer, Dirk U., Browne, William J., Nicol, Christine J.
Laying hens generally choose to aggregate, but the extent to which the environments in which we house them impact on social group dynamics is not known. In this paper the effect of pen environment on spatial clustering is considered. Twelve groups of four laying hens were studied under three...
Clustered environmental enrichments induce more aggression and stereotypic behaviour than do dispersed enrichments in female mice
Contributor(s):: Akre, Anne Kathrine, Bakken, Morten, Hovland, Anne Lene, Palme, Rupert, Mason, Georgia
Adding environmental enrichments to a previously resource-poor cage or enclosure can sometimes cause elevated aggression in socially housed animals, due to competition over the provided resources. Here, using female C57BL/6J mice, we investigated whether the way that environmental enrichments are...
More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens
Contributor(s):: Dudde, Anissa, Schrader, Lars, Weigend, Steffen, Matthews, Lindsay R., Krause, E. Tobias
Different lines of laying hens have undergone a strong selection pressure for productivity traits, which has been proposed as a potential cause of undesirable side effects like behavioural disorders. One reason for such behavioral changes might be due to energy trade-offs, as high productive...
Flock size during rearing affects pullet behavioural synchrony and spatial clustering
Contributor(s):: Keeling, Linda J., Newberry, Ruth C., Estevez, Inma
Animals are often synchronised in their behaviour, with costs and benefits varying according to group size and the behaviour being performed. Making decisions about optimal allocation and distribution of resources to animals in our care therefore poses theoretical and practical challenges. We...
Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies
Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor
Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Psychiatric Service Dog Partners
Psychiatric Service Dog Partners (PSDP) works toward its mission by advancing the public information on this website, hosting a private online peer guidance group, holding an annual convention for PSD handlers, fairly advocating for wisely-considered and experience-driven laws and policies,...
Modeling the economic impacts of double-crested cormorant damage to a recreational fishery
Contributor(s):: Shwiff, Stephanie A., Kirkpatrick, Katy N., DeVault, Travis L., Shwiff, Steven S.
Economic evaluation of beaver management to protect timber resources in Mississippi
Contributor(s):: Shwiff, S. A., Kirkpatrick, K. N., Godwin, K.
Japanese Service Dog Resource Center
NPO Japan auxiliary dog Information Center, with the aim of understanding and dissemination in society of auxiliary dog activities, with the aim to promote the social participation and social return of persons with disabilities, the position of neutrality as a third-party institution we are...
Animal Experimentation and the Argument from Limited Resources
Contributor(s):: Fink, Charles K.
Recovery, Conservation, and Survival under the Endangered Species Act: Recovering Species, Conserving Resources, and Saving the Law
Contributor(s):: Jason M. Patlis
Protecting and recovering endangered and threatened species is bad business. It is a short-term, high-risk, and high-cost proposition-not exactly a formula for success. It is also an unpopular business. Resource users cringe at the prospect of the burdensome regulations and...
Access to Scientific Literature in Rural Veterinary Practice
Contributor(s):: Robert L. Larson
The advent and use of new technologies is affecting rural veterinary practices in a number of ways, including increasing access to digital information in even the least urbanized areas of the country. Veterinary practitioners who can connect to the internet have access to much of the veterinary,...
Island subsistence: hunting, trapping and the translocation of wildlife in the western Indian Ocean
Contributor(s):: Walsh, Martin T.
Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment
Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.
In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...
The morality of the reptile "pet" trade
Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.
The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...
Animal Resources in Ancient Maya Economy and Exchange: Zooarchaeological and Isotopic Perspectives
Contributor(s):: Erin Kennedy Thornton, Kitty F. Emery (adviser)
In this study, I examined how animal resources were incorporated into ancient Maya economic and exchange systems. Although substantial research has been dedicated to understanding Maya economy and exchange, animals and animal products are one important category of natural resources that has not...
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...