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  1. A Systematic Literature Review of Animal-Assisted Interventions in Oncology (Part I): Methods and Results

    Contributor(s):: Holder, T. R. N., Gruen, M. E., Roberts, D. L., Somers, T., Bozkurt, A.

  2. Instantaneous intake rate of free-grazing cattle as affected by herbage characteristics in heterogeneous tropical agro-pastoral landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Chirat, Guillaume, Groot, Jeroen C. J., Messad, Samir, Bocquier, François, Ickowicz, Alexandre

    Numerous territories of Sub-Saharan Africa are composed of a mosaic of very different landscape units: cropland, forest, and savannah. This spatial, but also temporal heterogeneity leads to complexity in the analysis of cattle intake behaviour. The instantaneous intake rate (IIR) is generally...

  3. The implications of husbandry training on zoo animal response rates

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Melfi, Vicky

    Positive reinforcement training (hereafter known as training) has increasingly been adopted in zoos, to facilitate complex veterinary procedures without sedation or restraint and support husbandry requirements. However, empirical studies to establish the efficacy of training or investigate its...

  4. Relationship between backtest and coping styles in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Spake, Jessica R., Gray, Kent A., Cassady, Joseph P.

    The objective of this study was to examine relationships between behaviors in three different standard tests of temperament in pigs, Sus scrofa. For the backtest, pigs (n=575) were placed in the supine position for 60s. Each pig was tested twice. Amount of time struggling and number of struggle...

  5. Gregarious nesting—An anti-predator response in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Riber, Anja Brinch

    Gregarious nesting can be defined as a behaviour that occurs when a laying hen (Gallus gallus domesticus) given the choice between an occupied and an unoccupied nest site chooses the occupied nest site. It occurs frequently in flocks of laying hens kept under commercial conditions, contrasting...

  6. Effects of human–dog familiarity on dogs’ behavioural responses to petting

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    The complex, subtle body postures and facial expressions used by dogs for communication is sometimes contrary to the human–dog communication mainly focused on verbal and tactile signals. Human–dog interactions might lead to misunderstandings because humans perform gestures that the pet interprets...

  7. Effects of human contact and intra-specific social learning on tonic immobility in guinea pigs, Cavia porcellus

    Contributor(s):: Rocha, Alan Douglas de Lima, Menescal-de-Oliveira, Leda, da Silva, Luis Felipe S.

    Social learning is the capacity of animals to acquire adaptive information from others. In the case of fear responses, animals can learn fearful or non-fearful responses by observing the behavior of conspecifics. Tonic immobility (TI) is an anti-predatory behavior elicited during intense fear...

  8. Inducing positive emotions: Behavioural and cardiac responses to human and brushing in ewes selected for high vs low social reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Tamioso, Priscilla Regina, Maiolino Molento, Carla Forte, Boivin, Xavier, Chandèze, Hervé, Andanson, Stéphane, Delval, Éric, Hazard, Dominique, da Silva, Guilherme Parreira, Taconeli, Cesar Augusto, Boissy, Alain

    Welfare concerns not only the absence of negative emotional experiences but also the presence of positive experiences. However, scientific investigation on positive emotions in farm animals has been long neglected. This study aimed to investigate the perception of sheep to positive stimuli and...

  9. Food motivation in horses appears stable across different test situations

    Contributor(s):: Olczak, Katarzyna, Winther Christensen, Janne, Klocek, Czesław

    Food motivation may influence an animal's performance in food-rewarded learning tasks. Nevertheless, food is often used as a positive reinforcer in learning tasks to investigate cognitive abilities of farm animals, and to test effects of various treatments, such as environmental enrichment, on...

  10. Pet-keeping in early life reduces the risk of allergy in a dose-dependent fashion

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hesselmar, B., Hicke-Roberts, A., Lundell, A. C., Adlerberth, I., Rudin, A., Saalman, R., Wennergren, G., Wold, A. E.

  11. Facing disasters together: how keeping animals safe benefits humans before, during and after natural disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.

  12. A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)

    | Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.

    This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...

  13. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, Julia Dias, Dias, Daniel Penteado Martins, Trigo, Pablo Ignacio, Almeida, Norma Aparecida dos Santos, Almeida, Fernando Queiroz de, Medeiros, Magda Alves de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  14. Social Responses to Animal Maltreatment Offenders: Neglect

    | Contributor(s):: Ayers, Catherine R., Dozier, Mary E., Bratiotis, Christiana, Levitt, Lacey, Patronek, Gary, Grisso, Thomas

  15. Social Conflict and Human-Coyote Interactions in Suburban Denver

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Draheim, Megan M.

    In 2009, Greenwood Village and Centennial, Colorado (two bordering suburban towns south of Denver), passed coyote management plans in response to community concerns over human-coyote interactions. Although both plans are similar in many respects, they differ in some key ways, including...

  16. Is consensus-seeking unique to humans? A selective review of animal group decision-making and its implications for (human) social psychology

    | Contributor(s):: Kameda, Tatsuya, Wisdom, Thomas, Toyokawa, Wataru, Inukai, Keigo

  17. Introducing the new dog or cat into the home

    | Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.

    Sections on potential stressors in the initial settling-in period, dos and don'ts for first encounters with a new pet, and problem prevention through education.

  18. A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.

    Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...

  19. Is that fear? Domestic dogs' use of social referencing signals from an unfamiliar person

    | Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether dogs could successfully interpret a 'social referencing' cue (either happiness or fear) toward an object after viewing a human emotional expression. Fearful expressions are more likely to be unfamiliar to dogs, and thus they may not understand the...

  20. Ethische Aspekte der physischen und der psychischen Belastung des Pferdes durch dessen reiterliche Nutzung

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.