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Resources (41-60 of 84)

  1. Limbic response to psychosocial stress in schizotypy: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study

    Contributor(s):: Soliman, Alexandra, O'Driscoll, Gillian A., Pruessner, Jens, Joober, Ridha, Ditto, Blaine, Streicker, Elizabeth, Goldberg, Yael, Caro, Josie, Rekkas, P. Vivien, Dagher, Alain

  2. Can Robots Manifest Personality?: An Empirical Test of Personality Recognition, Social Responses, and Social Presence in Human-Robot Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Kwan Min, Peng, Wei, Jin, Seung- A., Yan, Chang

  3. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...

  4. Adapting to the human world: Dogs' responsiveness to our social cues

    Contributor(s):: Reid, Pamela J.

  5. How do miniature pigs discriminate between people? Discrimination between people wearing coveralls of the same colour

    Contributor(s):: Koba, Y., Tanida, H.

    Seven experiments were conducted on 4 miniature pigs to determine: (1) whether the pigs can discriminate between people wearing the same coloured clothing and (2) what cues they rely on if they could discriminate. For 2 weeks before the experiments began, the pigs were conditioned in a Y-maze to...

  6. Repeatability and reliability of an approach test to determine calves' responsiveness to humans: "a brief report"

    Contributor(s):: Lensink, B. J., Reenen, C. G. van, Engel, B., Rodenburg, T. B., Veissier, I.

    A test aiming to measure calves' responses to humans ("approach test") was conducted in two steps: during the first step (approach phase) the calves' reaction to the appearance of an unknown person (withdrawal or not) was observed during milk provision, during the second step (touch phase) the...

  7. Equine utilization of secondary reinforcement during response extinction and acquisition

    Contributor(s):: McCall, C. A., Burgin, S. E.

    48 horses were used to examine equine utilization of a secondary (learned) reinforcement signal. Phases I and II of the study investigated whether the secondary reinforcer could prolong extinction of a learned task. Phase III utilized the secondary reinforcer to train the horse to perform a new...

  8. A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits

    Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.

    In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...

  9. Neonatal foal handling

    Contributor(s):: Simpson, B. S.

    Recent interest has focused on the advantage of intensively handling young foals as a means of producing more tractable horses, accustomed to humans and receptive to training. To date, the effect of this intensive handling, dubbed imprint training in the popular literature, is not tested. The...

  10. Behavioural responses of piglets to castration: the effect of piglet age

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, A. A., Weary, D. M., Lessard, M., Braithwaite, L.

    It has long been assumed that neonatal animals are less sensitive than older animals to pain, and this reasoning has been used to recommend that routine surgical procedures be performed at an early age. In this study we tested if vocal and other behavioural responses to castration increase with...

  11. A note on the relationship between the behavioural response of lactating sows to humans and the survival of their piglets

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Pedersen, V., Cox, M., Cronin, G. M., Coleman, G. J.

    The objective of this study was to examine the relationships, based on unit averages, between the behavioural responses of lactating sows to humans and the performance of sows in 25 farrowing units at a large commercial farm. The behavioural responses of 25 sows in each farrowing unit were...

  12. Domestication - from behaviour to genes and back again

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    During domestication, animals have adapted with respect to behaviour and an array of other traits. This tends to give rise to a specific domestication phenotype, involving similar changes in colour, size, physiology and behaviour among different species. Hence, domestication offers a model for...

  13. Fairness and other-regarding preferences in nonhuman primates

    Contributor(s):: Brosnan, Sarah F.

  14. The present outlook on the question of psi in animals

    Contributor(s):: Rhine, J. B.

  15. Pets in the home: Incidence and significance

    Contributor(s):: Carithers, Hugh A.

  16. Fears and phobias

    Contributor(s):: Luiselli, James K.

  17. Behavioural and physiological responses of pigs to sound

    Contributor(s):: Talling, J. C., Waran, N. K., Wathes, C. M., Lines, J. A.

    Eight piglets were exposed to artificially generated sounds, nominal intensities of 85 or 97 dB(Lin), and frequencies of 500 or 8000 Hz for 15 min during a 1-h experimental period. In a 2nd experiment, 8 piglets were exposed to 20 min of farm sounds (Leq 80 dB), transport sounds (Leq 83 dB),...

  18. Clicker increases resistance to extinction but does not decrease training time of a simple operant task in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, S. M., Davis, E. S.

    Despite its popularity among pet owners and professional trainers, we are not aware of any studies that have investigated the efficacy of clicker training in canines. To this end, we taught 35 basenjis to nose-touch an orange traffic cone. Upon meeting pre-determined criteria, dogs progressed...

  19. A note on the consistency and specificity of lambs' responses to a stockperson and to their photograph in an arena test

    | Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    Understanding how farm animals perceive their stockperson is a major challenge, especially for artificially reared animals which are known to show strong attraction to humans. Replacing the stockperson by its photograph in an arena test could be a useful method for standardising human stimuli....

  20. Behavioural responses of cattle to the odours of blood and urine from conspecifics and to the odour of faeces from carnivores

    | Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Boissy, A., Blinet, P.

    Before experimentation, 12 heifers were trained during 15 days to walk through a corridor for food. In the middle of the corridor, at either side, 2 ventilating odour dispensers were fixed behind perforated screens. The odours of urine from non-stressed and stressed conspecifics and of blood were...