Inducing positive emotions: Behavioural and cardiac responses to human and brushing in ewes selected for high vs low social reactivity
Contributor(s):: Tamioso, Priscilla Regina, Maiolino Molento, Carla Forte, Boivin, Xavier, Chandèze, Hervé, Andanson, Stéphane, Delval, Éric, Hazard, Dominique, da Silva, Guilherme Parreira, Taconeli, Cesar Augusto, Boissy, Alain
Welfare concerns not only the absence of negative emotional experiences but also the presence of positive experiences. However, scientific investigation on positive emotions in farm animals has been long neglected. This study aimed to investigate the perception of sheep to positive stimuli and...
Facing disasters together: how keeping animals safe benefits humans before, during and after natural disasters
Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)
Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.
This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...
Social Responses to Animal Maltreatment Offenders: Neglect
Contributor(s):: Ayers, Catherine R., Dozier, Mary E., Bratiotis, Christiana, Levitt, Lacey, Patronek, Gary, Grisso, Thomas
Social Conflict and Human-Coyote Interactions in Suburban Denver
Contributor(s):: Draheim, Megan M.
In 2009, Greenwood Village and Centennial, Colorado (two bordering suburban towns south of Denver), passed coyote management plans in response to community concerns over human-coyote interactions. Although both plans are similar in many respects, theydiffer in some key ways, including...
Is consensus-seeking unique to humans? A selective review of animal group decision-making and its implications for (human) social psychology
Contributor(s):: Kameda, Tatsuya, Wisdom, Thomas, Toyokawa, Wataru, Inukai, Keigo
Introducing the new dog or cat into the home
Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.
Sections on potential stressors in the initial settling-in period, dos and don'ts for first encounters with a new pet, and problem prevention through education.
A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks
Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.
Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...
Is that fear? Domestic dogs' use of social referencing signals from an unfamiliar person
Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dogs could successfully interpret a 'social referencing' cue (either happiness or fear) toward an object after viewing a human emotional expression. Fearful expressions are more likely to be unfamiliar to dogs, and thus they may not understand the...
Ethische Aspekte der physischen und der psychischen Belastung des Pferdes durch dessen reiterliche Nutzung
Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )
Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...
Veterinary students' preferences for responding to clients who are having a difficult time coping with the illness, treatment, or death of a companion animal
Contributor(s):: Dias, Carole Joy
Limbic response to psychosocial stress in schizotypy: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study
Contributor(s):: Soliman, Alexandra, O'Driscoll, Gillian A., Pruessner, Jens, Joober, Ridha, Ditto, Blaine, Streicker, Elizabeth, Goldberg, Yael, Caro, Josie, Rekkas, P. Vivien, Dagher, Alain
Can Robots Manifest Personality?: An Empirical Test of Personality Recognition, Social Responses, and Social Presence in Human-Robot Interaction
Contributor(s):: Lee, Kwan Min, Peng, Wei, Jin, Seung- A., Yan, Chang
Adapting to the human world: Dogs' responsiveness to our social cues
Contributor(s):: Reid, Pamela J.
Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?
Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei
Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...
A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits
Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.
In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...
Behavioural responses of piglets to castration: the effect of piglet age
Contributor(s):: Taylor, A. A., Weary, D. M., Lessard, M., Braithwaite, L.
It has long been assumed that neonatal animals are less sensitive than older animals to pain, and this reasoning has been used to recommend that routine surgical procedures be performed at an early age. In this study we tested if vocal and other behavioural responses to castration increase with...