[An educator's perspective, defusing tensions through mediation and the encounter]
Contributor(s):: Rivoire, G.
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.
Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
| Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Shivley, C.
Restraint and Hospitalization of Cats
| Contributor(s):: Wayne H. Rizer
A cat presents a problem in handling for the small animal practitioner much as does the western steer to the rural practitioner, in that the ability of the doctor is often measured by the way the animal is handled rather than by the way the animal responds to the treatment.
Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach
| Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.
Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...
Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry
| Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.
This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...
First links between self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax
| Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Benhaim, D., Colchen, T., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.
Most studies carried out with seabass under self-feeding conditions report an intriguing social structure that is built around the device and the food dispenser with three coexisting triggering categories: high-triggering (HT), low-triggering (LT) and zero-triggering (ZT) fish. However, neither...
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.
Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...
Use of dynamic and rewarding environmental enrichment to alleviate feather pecking in non-cage laying hens
| Contributor(s):: Daigle, C. L., Rodenburg, T. B., Bolhuis, J. E., Swanson, J. C., Siegford, J. M.
Feather pecking (FP) can cause feather loss, resulting in physical injuries, which may lead to cannibalism. FP appears to be a redirection of foraging behavior, which intensifies when hens have difficulty coping with stress and fear. Dynamic environmental enrichment (EE) may allow expression of...
Efficient cooperative restraint training with rhesus macaques
| Contributor(s):: Bliss-Moreau, E., Theil, J., Moadab, G.
It is sometimes necessary for nonhuman primates to be restrained during biomedical and psychosocial research. Such restraint is often accomplished using a "primate chair." This article details a method for training adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with a chair restraint procedure using positive...
Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures
| Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.
For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity
| Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Mayer, D. G., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M., Stafford, K. J.
Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...
Effects of restraint with or without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic behaviour in horned and hornless goats
| Contributor(s):: Hillmann, E., Hilfiker, S., Keil, N. M.
The strict dominance hierarchy in goats bears the risk of low-ranking goats not getting adequate access to feed, especially for goats in small groups. The aim of our study was to test the effect of restraint in headlocks with and without blinds at the feed barrier on feeding and agonistic...
A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training
| Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.
An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...
Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies
| Contributor(s):: Riemer, S., Muller, C., Viranyi, Z., Huber, L., Range, F.
Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...