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  1. The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.

    A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...

  2. The effect of early human contact and the separation method from the dam on responses of beef calves to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Gilard, F., Egal, D.

    The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the effect of early human contact and of the separation method from the dam on the future relationships of calves with humans, and to investigate the relationship between dam responses and calf responses. Thirty-three Salers calves aged 2-4 days...

  3. Comparison of the effects of two different handling methods on the subsequent behaviour of Anglo-Arabian foals toward humans and handling

    | Contributor(s):: Ligout, S., Bouissou, M. F., Boivin, X.

    Tactile contact is often used to improve the human-foal relationship, in particular during sensitive periods such as weaning. However, the method used to provide the contact (forced or unforced) may affect subsequent reactions to humans. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of forced...

  4. Effects of social isolation and restraint on heart rate and behaviour of alpacas

    | Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Heart rate and behaviour of 16 yearling male alpacas were measured during spatial and visual isolation from other alpacas and when a pair of familiar alpacas was present. In experiment 1, alpacas were free to move in a 2.4 msuperscript 2 wire pen, while in experiment 2, alpacas were held under...

  5. Cattle with hair whorl patterns above the eyes are more behaviorally agitated during restraint

    | Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Deesing, M. J., Struthers, J. J., Swinker, A. M.

    1500 cattle weighing 180-360 kg were temperament rated on a 4-point scale to determine whether hair whorl position on the forehead is related to a calm temperament. 72% of the cattle were European x British breed crosses and 28% were zebu x dairy breed crosses from Mexico. Cattle with a round...

  6. Physiological and behavioural effects of handling and restraint in the ball python ( Python regius ) and the blue-tongued skink ( Tiliqua scincoides )

    | Contributor(s):: Kreger, M. D., Mench, J. A.

    Four handling techniques commonly used with snakes and lizards in zoological park reptile collections were evaluated with respect to animal well-being. Adult male blue-tongued skinks (n = 3) and ball pythons (n = 4) were either handled gently, restrained manually, or container restrained for 10...

  7. The effect of low energy electric shock on cortisol, beta -endorphin, heart rate and behaviour of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Reed, M. T., Henshall, J. M.

    Electrical stimuli are used increasingly to confine cattle, whether through conventional electric fencing or the development of 'virtual' fencing systems. Two experiments were conducted to assess behavioural, heart rate and stress hormone responses of cattle to electrical stimuli...

  8. A note on stability of behavioural reactions to handling in red deer hinds and their calves

    | Contributor(s):: Chaya, W., Pollard, J., Littlejohn, R.

    Behavioural responses and their consistency across repeated handling events were measured in 17 red deer hinds and their calves (8 red plus 11 red x wapiti hybrids), to assist in the development of selection criteria. The deer had been extensively handled prior to the study. Individual responses...

  9. Fostering in sheep. IV. The use of restraint

    | Contributor(s):: Alexander, G., Bradley, L. R.

    Fostering an additional lamb on to a ewe with a single lamb of her own was attempted in Dorset, Corriedale and Merino ewes restrained by the neck in pens for up to 12 days. Fostering occurred more rapidly in Dorsets than in Merinos, and success rates tended to be higher in Dorsets (81.

  10. Release from restraint generates a positive judgement bias in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Fisher, A. D., Hinch, G. N., Boissy, A., Lee, C.

    The study of judgement biases in animals has attracted interest as a way of potentially measuring emotional states by being able to detect pessimistic-like or optimistic-like evaluations of their environment. While judgement biases have been successfully identified in laboratory species, no such...

  11. Alarm pheromones in urine modify the behaviour of weaner pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Amory, J. R., Pearce, G. P.

    Pigs undergoing an alarming experience may produce olfactory stimuli (pheromones) in their urine, which may have consequences for the welfare of other pigs exposed to these stimuli. 12 young adult female pigs (gilts) were restrained for 30 min in feeding stalls (a potentially alarming experience)...

  12. Infrared thermography as a non-invasive method for detecting fear-related responses of cattle to handling procedures

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Schaefer, A. L., Haley, D. B., Colyn, J., Cook, N. J., Stafford, K. J., Webster, J. R.

    Two experiments were conducted to determine whether maximum eye temperature, measured using infrared thermography (IRT), could be a non-invasive technique for detecting responses of cattle to handling procedures. Experiment one used six crossbred heifers randomly assigned to two groups in a...

  13. The effect of duration of manual restraint during blood sampling on plasma cortisol levels in calves

    | Contributor(s):: Stilwell G, G., Carvalho, R. C. de, Lima, M. S., Broom, D. M.

    Many studies on stress and pain rely, solely or mainly, on plasma cortisol assessment. Confounding factors, such as handling, may cause a release of cortisol making the interpretation of the results difficult. We looked at the influence of duration of restraint on the plasma cortisol levels of...

  14. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    | Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  15. Welfare implications of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus )

    | Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, E. L., Bateson, P.

    Welfare costs of culling of red deer by rifle ('stalking') or by hunting with hounds ('hunting') were compared in southwestern England. Observations of hunts revealed that likely stressors such as close proximity to humans and hounds, active pursuit, noise, obstruction and physical restraint...