The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
Habituating antelope and bison to cooperate with veterinary procedures
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Wild animals with an excitable temperament frequently sustain injuries when handled for veterinary procedures such as blood sampling or injections. Both bison and antelope may become agitated when they are restrained, often resulting in broken horns. Also, antelope may panic when restraint is...
Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior
Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.
96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...
A report of capture myopathy in the Tasmanian pademelon ( Thylogale billardierii)
Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Wiggins, N. L., French, V., McCallum, H. I., Bowman, D.
Religious slaughter: data from surveys and spot-check visits in Italy and animal welfare issues
Contributor(s):: Cenci-Goga, B. T., Sechi, P., Cuccurese, A., Poeta, A., Angelis, G. de, Marini, P., Mattiacci, C., Rossi, R., Pezzato, R., Salamano, G., Santori, P.
The human-dog relationship: a tale of two species
Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M.
Developing an ethic for the handling, restraint, and discipline of companion animals in veterinary practice
Contributor(s):: Patronek, G. J., Lacroix, C. A.
Disturbance effects of environmental stimuli on pig spatial memory
Contributor(s):: Laughlin, K., Huck, M., Mendl, M.
Ten male pigs were trained to perform a win-shift foraging task in an 8-arm radial maze. Each day, they individually entered the maze to search for food randomly located in 4 of the 8 arms (search). After finding and eating the food, they were returned to their home pens for a retention interval...
The aversiveness of carbon dioxide stunning in pigs and a comparison of the CO<sub>2</sub> stunner crate vs. the V-restrainer
Contributor(s):: Jongman, E. C., Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H.
Using aversion learning techniques, the relative aversiveness of CO2 to pigs in comparison to a shock with an electric prodder, and the aversiveness of a CO2-stunner crate in comparison to the aversiveness of a V-belt restrainer used for electric stunning were examined. A total of 88 boars were...
The effectiveness of a citronella spray collar in reducing certain forms of barking in dogs
Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L.
This study examined the effectiveness of a citronella spray collar in reducing barking in 30 dogs which wore the collar continuously, i.e. every day for 30 min, or intermittently, i.e. every other day for 30 min, for a period of 3 weeks. Owners rated the frequency of their dog's barking on a...
The effects of blindfolding on behavior and heart rate in beef cattle during restraint
Contributor(s):: Mitchell, K. D., Stookey, J. M., Laturnas, D. K., Watts, J. M., Haley, D. B., Huyde, T.
Use of a blindfold or hood during handling and restraint has been suggested for many wild and captive animals. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of blindfolds on beef cattle during restraint. In Experiment 1, 60 beef heifers, naive to the restraint facility, were randomly...
The propensity of cattle to vocalise during handling and isolation is affected by phenotype
Contributor(s):: Watts, J. M., Stookey, J. M.
We investigated whether phenotype affects vocal and behavioural responses of newly-weaned beef calves during handling situations, and whether vocal response differs between two types of handling situation. The phenotypic characteristic chosen was hair colour. Steers were classified into four...
Young horses' reactions to humans in relation to handling and social environment
Contributor(s):: Sondergaard, E., Halekoh, U.
Forty Danish warmblood colts in two replicates were used to investigate the effect of housing and handling in the rearing period on the reactions to humans. The horses entered the experiment after weaning and were housed either individually (n=16) or in groups of three (n=24). Half of the horses...
Behavior of picketed circus elephants
Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H.
The behaviour of 14 female Asian (Elephas maximus) and 3 female African (Loxodonta africana) elephants who performed 2 shows each day with a circus that travelled to a new location (40 to 250 km from the previous day's lot) daily, was studied. When not performing or working, the elephants were...
Behavioral responses to handling and restraint in dehorned and polled cattle
Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Okine, E., Berg, R. T.
96 weaned bull and heifer calves were allocated by sex, breed and horn status to 3 management treatments, each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 or 20 days; an electric prod used or not used; and calves restrained by the head or not. The behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...
Behavioural responses of red deer to fences of five different designs
Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Summers, R. W., Macdonald, A. J., Murray, C., Fawcett, A. R.
Capercaillie, a large species of grouse, are sometimes killed when they fly into high-tensile deer fences. A fence design which is lower or has a less rigid top section than conventional designs would reduce bird deaths, but such fences would still have to be deer-proof. The short-term...
Do beef cattle react consistently to different handling situations?
Contributor(s):: Grignard, L., Boivin, X., Boissy, A., Neindre, P. le
Beef cattle responses to handling depend partly on the genetic characteristics of the animals. However, the various methods used in order to assess these responses differ to a great extent. The purpose of this work is to study the relationship between two different situations extensively used to...
Effects of confinement on rebounds of locomotor behaviour of calves and heifers, and the spatial preferences of calves
Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
An open-field test and a preference test were used to investigate the motivation of calves and heifers to perform locomotor behaviour. 36 calves and 48 heifers were housed in large pens for 2 weeks. During the second week, all calves were subjected to a 10-min open-field test where locomotor...
Estimating genetic variability in temperamental traits in German Angus and Simmental cattle
Contributor(s):: Gauly, M., Mathiak, H., Hoffmann, K., Kraus, M., Erhardt, G.
Behavioural traits related to temperament were studied, and the genetic variability estimated in German Angus (Aberdeen Angus x German dual purpose breeds) and Simmental cattle. Temperament was defined as the behavioural response of the animal to handling. Five progeny groups of both breeds...
Individual differences in behaviour, physiology and pathology in breeding gilts housed in groups or stalls
Contributor(s):: Geverink, N. A., Schouten, W. G. P., Gort, G., Wiegant, V. M.
A number of studies in young pigs have demonstrated a relation between a variety of behavioural and physiological features and the degree of resistance displayed early in life in a so-called "backtest". The current study aimed at investigating the relation between the backtest response and the...