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  1. 'Libido' in the larger farm animals: a review

    Contributor(s):: Wodzicka-Tomaszewska, M., Kilgour, R., Ryan, M.

    The term 'libido', first used by Freud to refer to the force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind, has become more and more used to refer to some aspects of sexual behaviour in large domestic animals. From being a wide, rather imprecise term, it has come to be defined in a...

  2. A brief history of animal law, Part I (1972-1987)

    Contributor(s):: Tischler, J.

  3. A brief history of animal law, Part II (1985-2011)

    Contributor(s):: Tischler, J.

  4. A concept of welfare based on reward evaluating mechanisms in the brain: anticipatory behaviour as an indicator for the state of reward systems

    Contributor(s):: Spruijt, B. M., Bos, R. van den, Pijlman, F. T. A.

    In this review we attempt to link the efficiency by which animals behave (economy of animal behaviour) to a neuronal substrate and subjective states to arrive at a definition of animal welfare which broadens the scope of its study. Welfare is defined as the balance between positive (reward,...

  5. A critical review of horse-related risk: a research agenda for safer mounts, riders and equestrian cultures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., McGreevy, P., McManus, P.

    While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which...

  6. A general review and survey of maternal behaviour in the rabbit

    | Contributor(s):: Verga, M., Dell'Orto, V., Carenzi, C.

    The literature on maternal behaviour of rabbits is reviewed with special emphasis on socialization, mating, nest building and parturition. Results of a survey of mating and maternal behaviour in rabbits are reported.

  7. A new questionnaire examining general attitudes toward animals in Cyprus and the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Zalaf, A., Egan, V.

    A review of the animal welfare literature indicates that all the current measures used to evaluate it have limitations in how they assess attitudes toward animals and their care. Few studies have examined animal welfare outside non-Western nations, although attitudes toward animals and their...

  8. A philosophical consideration of awareness

    | Contributor(s):: Jennings, R. C.

  9. A Pickup Load of Pigs: The Feral Swine Pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, P.

  10. A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.

    Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...

  11. A review of behavioural and physiological responses of sheep to stressors to identify potential behavioural signs of distress

    | Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S.

    This paper discusses the potential for using observations of behaviour to recognise distress in sheep. The term distress is used to describe situations in which an animal is likely to be suffering, and is indicating this by overt behavioural signs. Literature on the behavioural responses of sheep...

  12. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    | Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  13. A review of environmental enrichment for pigs housed in intensive housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: de Weerd, H. A. van, Day, J. E. L.

    This paper critically reviews the literature concerning environmental enrichment for weaner, grower and finisher pigs housed in intensive (indoor) production systems. The thesis of our review is that successful enrichment should meet four criteria of success: (1) it should increase...

  14. A review of hippotherapy horse diseases from 2006 to 2010 in Uruguaiana-RS

    | Contributor(s):: Silva, M. N. G. da, Duarte, C. A., Folchini, N. P., Mistieri, M. L. de A., Freitas, G. S. R. de, Sodre, L. A. D.

  15. A review of historically significant publications from German speaking countries concerning the behaviour of domestic farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Sambraus, H. H.

    German language publications up to and including 1958 which concerned the behaviour of domestic farm animals are reviewed. The subjects covered include behaviour of cows on different grazing systems, and eating habits in cattle.

  16. A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...

  17. A review of nutritional and motivational factors contributing to the performance of regurgitation and reingestion in captive lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )

    | Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E.

    A review. Regurgitation and reingestion is a common phenomenon in captive lowland gorillas, but it has never been reported in wild populations. Although changes in diet have been shown to reduce the behavior, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that lead to its development and...

  18. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    | Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

    The success of breeding primates in captivity has led to a surplus number of animals in collections. This review examines published journals and key books to investigate the various methods of primate population control. Hormonal, surgical and separation methods are discussed and evaluated with...

  19. A review of scientific literature on inherited disorders in domestic horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Bettley, C. D., Cardwell, J. M., Collins, L. M., Asher, L.

  20. A review of some factors affecting the expression of libido in beef cattle, and individual bull and herd fertility

    | Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.

    This paper examines some of the factors that affect the expression of libido in beef cattle, focusing on the male and the free-ranging situation. The ways in which bull libido is assessed and the relationship between libido test results and fertility are discussed. Genetics play a role in...