Community health and socioeconomic issues surrounding concentrated animal feeding operations
Contributor(s):: Donham, K. J., Wing, S., Osterberg, D., Flora, J. L., Hodne, C., Thu, K. M., Thorne, P. S.
A consensus of the Workgroup on Community and Socioeconomic Issues was that improving and sustaining healthy rural communities depends on integrating socioeconomic development and environmental protection. The workgroup agreed that the World Health Organization's definition of health, "a state of...
Conservation of biodiversity within Canadian agricultural landscapes: integrating habitat for wildlife
Contributor(s):: Mineau, P., McLaughlin, A.
Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes for many of the ecological functions of soil microorganisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a...
Exploratory behavior and the welfare of intensively kept animals
Contributor(s):: Wood-Gush, D. G. M., Vestergaard, K.
Exploratory behaviour is considered under the following categories: extrinsic exploration in which the animal seeks information about conventional reinforcers such as food and intrinsic exploration which is directed toward stimuli which may have no biological significance, further divided into...
Filling the gaps in the risks vs. benefits of mammalian adult-cell cloning: taking Bernard Rollin's philosophy its next step
Contributor(s):: Miller, L.
A critique is made of Bernard Rollin's examination of the ethics of cloning adult mammalian cells [J. Ag. Env. Ethics (1997) 10, 25-40]. The paper is divided into sections entitled: "Animal cloning and risks to genetic ecology", "Human cloning and diachronic genetic diversity", "Risks: loss of...
How animal psychology can contribute to the dog-human relationship in modern society? (Special Issue: Behavior and cognition of dogs.)
Contributor(s):: Jitsumori, M.
Dogs have shared a common environment and similar selective pressures with humans through the time of domestication. About 60 years ago, Lorenz (1949) proposed that in many ways dogs are possibly more human-like than any other animals, including nonhuman primates. Only recently, however,...
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
Main critical factors affecting the welfare of beef cattle and veal calves raised under intensive rearing systems in Italy: a review. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Cozzi, G., Brscic, M., Gottardo, F.
This review describes the principal causes of poor welfare in beef cattle and veal calves raised in intensive husbandry systems in Italy. Nowadays there are no specific regulations in force for beef cattle welfare. However, a document produced in 2001 by the Scientific Committee on Animal Health...
Monitoring the on-farm welfare of sheep and goats. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Caroprese, M., Casamassima, D., Rassu, S. P. G., Napolitano, F., Sevi, A.
Schemes for on-farm welfare assessment in sheep and goats are not yet available. Factors responsible for this lack of availability are discussed in the first part of this review. Requisites for reliable methods of welfare assessment to be used in sheep and goat farms are discussed, taking into...
Social intelligence in dogs viewed from dog-human interaction. (Special Issue: Behavior and cognition of dogs.)
Contributor(s):: Takaoka, A.
Recent research have shown that dogs (Canis familiaris) possess a number of social cognitive abilities and communicate with humans in unique ways. Several research suggest that dogs do not only use the overt features of humans (e.g., pointing, gaze) to find a hidden food in an object choice task,...
Study of therapeutic riding horses: a review
Contributor(s):: Nicosia, D. M. S. li D., Bacci, M. L.
The present work investigated some aspects related with the horse's involvement animal-assisted therapies and activities (AAT/AAA). These evidences seem to be related with the role of the veterinary practitioner in the therapeutic riding team. Therapeutic riding, in agreement with the most recent...
'Libido' in the larger farm animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Wodzicka-Tomaszewska, M., Kilgour, R., Ryan, M.
The term 'libido', first used by Freud to refer to the force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind, has become more and more used to refer to some aspects of sexual behaviour in large domestic animals. From being a wide, rather imprecise term, it has come to be defined in a...
A general review and survey of maternal behaviour in the rabbit
Contributor(s):: Verga, M., Dell'Orto, V., Carenzi, C.
The literature on maternal behaviour of rabbits is reviewed with special emphasis on socialization, mating, nest building and parturition. Results of a survey of mating and maternal behaviour in rabbits are reported.
A review of historically significant publications from German speaking countries concerning the behaviour of domestic farm animals
Contributor(s):: Sambraus, H. H.
German language publications up to and including 1958 which concerned the behaviour of domestic farm animals are reviewed. The subjects covered include behaviour of cows on different grazing systems, and eating habits in cattle.
A review of the behavioural mechanism of milk ejection of the domestic pig
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.
The sow has complex nursing and suckling behaviour, consisting of several distinct phases of sucking by the piglets and a characteristic pattern of grunting by the sow. A review of observations and experimental findings suggests cause-and-effect relationships between the different elements of sow...
Diurnal feeding patterns in domestic fowls: a review
Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J.
Equine behaviour: I. A review of the literature on social and dam-foal behaviour. II. A review of the literature on feeding, eliminative and resting behaviour
Contributor(s):: Carson, K., Wood-Gush, D. G. M.
Foetal behaviour and the possibility of its detection in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Bielanski, A.
How peck orders of chickens are measured: a critical review
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.
Some observations on the role of behavior in cattle production and future research needs
Contributor(s):: Arave, C. W., Hurnik, J. F., Friend, T. H.
This review includes consideration of the genetics of behaviour.
Some observations on the role of behavior in poultry production and future research needs
Contributor(s):: Maudlin, J. M., Graves, H. B.
This review includes consideration of sexual behaviour of the domestic fowl in field observations.