Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review
Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.
Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...
Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review
Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.
Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...
The use of judgement bias to assess welfare in farm livestock
Contributor(s):: Baciadonna, L., McElligott, A. G.
The development of accurate measures of animal emotions is important for improving and promoting animal welfare. Cognitive bias indicates the effect of emotional states on cognitive processes, such as memory, attention, and judgement. Cognitive bias tests complement existing behavioural and...
Assessment of favorable attitudes toward pets: development and preliminary validation of self-report pet relationship scales
Contributor(s):: Lago, D., Kafer, R., Delaney, M., Connell, C.
"This paper summarizes the progress made in developing measures of favorable attitudes and affectionate relationships with pet animals."
The Master of Sunnybank: A Biography of Albert Payson Terhune (Book review)
Contributor(s):: Peterson, Theodore
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.
Tackling dog obesity by tackling owner attitudes.
Contributor(s):: Bland, I., Hill, J.
A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs
Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.
Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...
Animal dissection and evidence-based life-science and health-professions education
Contributor(s):: Nobis, N.
Author's response to Balcombe's commentators [2000 & 2001 this journal] notes that Balcombe could be motivated by an evidentialist perspective growing out of the work of W. K. Clifford.
Artificial weaning of Old World monkeys: benefits and costs
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.
Permanent mother-infant separation prior to natural weaning is a common husbandry practice in monkey breeding colonies. In the United States, all eight Regional Primate Research Centres have such colonies. Under undisturbed conditions, Old World monkey mothers wean their infants at the age of...
Enhancing nonhuman primate care and welfare through the use of positive reinforcement training
Contributor(s):: Laule, G., Whittaker, M.
Nonhuman primates are excellent subjects for the enhancement of care and welfare through training. The broad range of species offers tremendous behavioral diversity, and individual primates show varying abilities to cope with the stressors of captivity, which differ depending on the venue....
Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting
Contributor(s):: Comber, J., Griffin, G.
Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical...
Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment
Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.
This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...
Penetrating captive bolt stunning and exsanguination of cattle in abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Gregory, N., Shaw, F.
Abattoirs commonly use penetrating captive bolt pistols to stun cattle. Humane slaughter requires that an animal immediately becomes unconscious and does not regain consciousness. In this review we consider the concepts of concussion, unconsciousness, and return to consciousness. We conclude that...
Positive reinforcement training as a technique to alter nonhuman primate behavior: quantitative assessments of effectiveness. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Laule, G. E.
Many suggest that operant conditioning techniques can be applied successfully to improve the behavioral management of nonhuman primates in research settings. However, relatively little empirical data exist to support this claim. This article is a review of several studies that discussed applied...
The concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes: a comment on van Kerkhove's commentary
Contributor(s):: Mertens, P. A.
Comment on "van Kerkhove's Commentary" [2004 this issue] relating to the concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes.
The lifecycle of the farm pig: a review of Welfare of Pigs from Birth to Slaughter [Book Review]
Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E.
A book review of Welfare of pigs from birth to slaughter . Edited by Luigi Faucitano and Allan L. Schaefer. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Wageningen Academic, 2008. 316 pp. ISBN: 9086860664. Hardcover, $127
Visitors' effects on the welfare of animals in the zoo: a review
Contributor(s):: Davey, G.
Since the 1970s, research about zoo visitors' effects on the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity has intensified. Numerous studies have shown that characteristics such as visitor presence, density, activity, size, and position are associated with animal behavioral and - to a lesser extent...
Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators
Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.
The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...