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  1. Owners Frequently Report that They Reward Behaviors of Dogs by Petting and Praising, Especially When Dogs Respond Correctly to Commands and Play with Their Toys

    Contributor(s):: Rossi, Alexandre P., Maia, Caroline M.

    We characterized the reward patterns of dogs’ owners for the expression of desired behaviors of their pets through a questionnaire made available online on a social media page for 7 days (responses from over 66,676 owners). The questions were related to the type and frequency of rewards that pet...

  2. The effects of a choice test between food rewards and human interaction in a herd of domestic horses of varying breeds and experiences

    Contributor(s):: Kieson, Emily, Felix, Crystal, Webb, Summer, Abramson, Charles I.

    Humans use food rewards as positive reinforcement for training horses, but there is little evidence to show that human interaction (scratching or patting) has reward value or if domestic horses perceive human touch as social bonding. Most equine training is based on negative reinforcement, but...

  3. Effects of chronic intake of starch-, glucose- and fructose-containing diets on eating behaviour in adult minipigs

    Contributor(s):: Ochoa, Melissa, Malbert, Charles-Henri, Lallès, Jean-Paul, Bobillier, Eric, Val-Laillet, David

    Introduction The aim of this study was to assess whether chronic intake of isocaloric high-fat diets differing partly in the source of carbohydrates (starch, glucose or fructose) and fed at the same level of intake impacts eating behaviour in the adult Yucatan minipig. Methods Adult minipigs were...

  4. Disrupting motivational sequences in chicks: Are there affective consequences?

    Contributor(s):: Seehuus, Birgitte, Mendl, Mike, Keeling, Linda J., Blokhuis, Harry

    The ‘reward cycle’ conceptualises reward acquisition as a cyclic phenomenon divided into three motivational stages with related emotional or affective states. For feeding behaviour such a cycle consists of an appetitive stage characterised by foraging and exploration linked to emotions such as...

  5. Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?

    Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.

    In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...

  6. Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola Jane, Cowan, Sarah

    The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links between the way in which owners reported to have trained their dogs and observations of the dogs’...

  7. Characterization of anticipatory behaviour in domesticated horses (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Peters, Suzanne M., Bleijenberg, Elise H., van Dierendonck, Machteld C., van der Harst, Johanneke E., Spruijt, Berry M.

    In animal welfare science there is a strong need for objective parameters for the assessment of animal welfare. Anticipatory behaviour is a potential indicator of welfare since it reflects reward-sensitivity which is in its turn related to previous experiences of animals: negative experiences are...

  8. Financial gain- and loss-related BOLD signals in the human ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra pars compacta

    Contributor(s):: Limbrick-Oldfield, E. H., Leech, R., Wise, R. J. S., Ungless, M. A.

  9. Reinforcer effectiveness in dogs—The influence of quantity and quality

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.

    Reinforcer effectiveness refers to the reinforcer’s ability to control the subject’s target behaviour and is therefore critical to training success. Yet animals’ preferences, and the effectiveness of different rewards to function as reinforcers, are often assumed without scientific investigation....

  10. Does the anticipatory behaviour of chickens communicate reward quality?

    Contributor(s):: McGrath, Nicky, Burman, Oliver, Dwyer, Cathy, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The anticipatory behaviour of animals has been credited with enabling scientists to more closely infer what an animal wants. From a welfare perspective, this knowledge could improve how we care for animals under our management, as information about how animals prioritise rewarding items may guide...

  11. Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.

    When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...

  12. The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs’ obedience performance in different conditions

    Contributor(s):: Gerencsér, Linda, Kosztolányi, András, Delanoeije, Joni, Miklósi, Ádám

    Dogs’ responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human–dog...

  13. Evidence of negative affective state in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with syringomyelia

    Contributor(s):: Cockburn, Alastair, Smith, Melissa, Rusbridge, Clare, Fowler, Carol, Paul, Elizabeth S., Murrell, Joanna C., Blackwell, Emily J., Casey, Rachel A., Whay, Helen R., Mendl, Michael

    Syringomyelia is a common and chronic neurological disorder affecting Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. The condition is putatively painful, but evaluating the affective component of chronic pain in non-human animals is challenging. Here we employed two methods designed to assess animal affect -...

  14. A spatial discounting test to assess impulsivity in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Brady, Karen, Hewison, Lynn, Wright, Hannah, Zulch, Helen, Cracknell, Nina, Mills, Daniel

    In domestic dog's trait impulsivity can be measured psychometrically using the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS) and experimentally using a temporal discounting paradigm which requires substantial training. A Spatial Discounting Task (SDT) was developed as an alternative experimental method...

  15. Development and validation of the Canine Reward Responsiveness Scale -Examining individual differences in reward responsiveness of the domestic dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Bunford, N., Moesta, A., Miklosi, A.

  16. Combat PTSD and implicit behavioral tendencies for positive affective stimuli: A brief report

    | Contributor(s):: Clausen, Ashley N., Youngren, Westley, Sisante, Jason-Flor V., Billinger, Sandra A., Taylor, Charles, Aupperle, Robin L.

  17. Yum, cake!: How reward sensitivity relates to automatic approach motivation for dessert food images

    | Contributor(s):: May, Christine N., Juergensen, James, Demaree, Heath A.

  18. Evaluating a website to teach children safety with dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Schwebel, David C., McClure, Leslie A., Severson, Joan

  19. Ian Dunbar: Dog-friendly dog training

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Dunbar

    Speaking at the 2007 EG conference, trainer Ian Dunbar asks us to see the world through the eyes of our beloved dogs. By knowing our pets' perspective, we can build their love and trust. It's a message that resonates well beyond the animal world.

  20. The Influence of the Relationship and Motivation on Inequity Aversion in Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Range, Friederike, Leitner, Karin, Viranyi, Zsofia