Effects of chronic intake of starch-, glucose- and fructose-containing diets on eating behaviour in adult minipigs
Contributor(s):: Ochoa, Melissa, Malbert, Charles-Henri, Lallès, Jean-Paul, Bobillier, Eric, Val-Laillet, David
Introduction The aim of this study was to assess whether chronic intake of isocaloric high-fat diets differing partly in the source of carbohydrates (starch, glucose or fructose) and fed at the same level of intake impacts eating behaviour in the adult Yucatan minipig. Methods Adult minipigs were...
Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?
Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.
In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...
Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability
Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola Jane, Cowan, Sarah
The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links between the way in which owners reported to have trained their dogs and observations of the dogs’...
Financial gain- and loss-related BOLD signals in the human ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra pars compacta
Contributor(s):: Limbrick-Oldfield, E. H., Leech, R., Wise, R. J. S., Ungless, M. A.
Reinforcer effectiveness in dogs—The influence of quantity and quality
Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Reinforcer effectiveness refers to the reinforcer’s ability to control the subject’s target behaviour and is therefore critical to training success. Yet animals’ preferences, and the effectiveness of different rewards to function as reinforcers, are often assumed without scientific investigation....
Does the anticipatory behaviour of chickens communicate reward quality?
Contributor(s):: McGrath, Nicky, Burman, Oliver, Dwyer, Cathy, Phillips, Clive J. C.
The anticipatory behaviour of animals has been credited with enabling scientists to more closely infer what an animal wants. From a welfare perspective, this knowledge could improve how we care for animals under our management, as information about how animals prioritise rewarding items may guide...
Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference
Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.
When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...
The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs’ obedience performance in different conditions
Contributor(s):: Gerencsér, Linda, Kosztolányi, András, Delanoeije, Joni, Miklósi, Ádám
Dogs’ responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human–dog...
Evidence of negative affective state in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with syringomyelia
Contributor(s):: Cockburn, Alastair, Smith, Melissa, Rusbridge, Clare, Fowler, Carol, Paul, Elizabeth S., Murrell, Joanna C., Blackwell, Emily J., Casey, Rachel A., Whay, Helen R., Mendl, Michael
Syringomyelia is a common and chronic neurological disorder affecting Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. The condition is putatively painful, but evaluating the affective component of chronic pain in non-human animals is challenging. Here we employed two methods designed to assess animal affect -...
A spatial discounting test to assess impulsivity in dogs
Contributor(s):: Brady, Karen, Hewison, Lynn, Wright, Hannah, Zulch, Helen, Cracknell, Nina, Mills, Daniel
In domestic dog's trait impulsivity can be measured psychometrically using the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS) and experimentally using a temporal discounting paradigm which requires substantial training. A Spatial Discounting Task (SDT) was developed as an alternative experimental method...
Development and validation of the Canine Reward Responsiveness Scale -Examining individual differences in reward responsiveness of the domestic dog
| Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Bunford, N., Moesta, A., Miklosi, A.
Combat PTSD and implicit behavioral tendencies for positive affective stimuli: A brief report
| Contributor(s):: Clausen, Ashley N., Youngren, Westley, Sisante, Jason-Flor V., Billinger, Sandra A., Taylor, Charles, Aupperle, Robin L.
Yum, cake!: How reward sensitivity relates to automatic approach motivation for dessert food images
| Contributor(s):: May, Christine N., Juergensen, James, Demaree, Heath A.
Evaluating a website to teach children safety with dogs
| Contributor(s):: Schwebel, David C., McClure, Leslie A., Severson, Joan
Ian Dunbar: Dog-friendly dog training
| Contributor(s):: Ian Dunbar
Speaking at the 2007 EG conference, trainer Ian Dunbar asks us to see the world through the eyes of our beloved dogs. By knowing our pets' perspective, we can build their love and trust. It's a message that resonates well beyond the animal world.
The Influence of the Relationship and Motivation on Inequity Aversion in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Range, Friederike, Leitner, Karin, Viranyi, Zsofia
Conceptualising the Impact of Arousal and Affective State on Training Outcomes of Operant Conditioning
| Contributor(s):: Melissa J. Starling, Nicholas Branson, Denis Cody, Paul D. McGreevy
Animal training relies heavily on an understanding of species-specific behaviour as it integrates with operant conditioning principles. Following on from recent studies showing that affective states and arousal levels may correlate with behavioural outcomes, we explore the contribution of both...
Wolves in the Early Nineteenth-Century County of Jönköping, Sweden
| Contributor(s):: Kardell, ÖRjan, DahlstrÖM, Anna
Most domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) prefer food to petting: Population, context, and schedule effects in concurrent choice
| Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, Erica N., Wynne, Clive D. L.
Relative efficacy of human social interaction and food as reinforcers for domestic dogs and hand-reared wolves
| Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D.