Pet Ownership and Human–Animal Interaction in an Aging Population: Rewards and Challenges
Contributor(s):: Enders-Slegers, Marie-José, Hediger, Karin
Older adults in most developed countries can now expect to live nearly 80 years without significant disability. To maximize the quality of the years after retirement, societies, governments, and organizations are seeking strategies to help older adults maintain their mental and physical health,...
Exploration of Perceptions of Dog Bites among YouTube™ Viewers and Attributions of Blame
Contributor(s):: Owczarczak-Garstecka, Sara C., Watkins, Francine, Christley, Rob, Yang, Huadong, Westgarth, Carri
Dog bites are a human public health and dog welfare problem. This qualitative study is the first to use YouTube™ to examine how viewers perceive risk of, and attribute blame for, dog bites. Comments underneath 10 videos, chosen to represent a diversity of dog-bite scenarios, were analyzed...
Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata
Contributor(s):: Herrera, Marcelino, Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Conceição, Luis E. C., Martins, Catarina I.
Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...
The experiences of adolescents in residential care participating in equine assisted learning
| Contributor(s):: Louise Fischer
High-risk behaviour among adolescents places heavy burdens on the public health, social welfare and criminal justice systems of many countries. Today, Equine-Assisted Learning (EAL) is increasingly used as an adjunct and experiential intervention programme to support the learning and personal...
A modest protective association between pet ownership and cardiovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis
| Contributor(s):: Yeh, T. L., Lei, W. T., Liu, S. J., Chien, K. L.
Randomized Trial Examining Effects of Animal Assisted Intervention and Stress Related Symptoms on College Students' Learning and Study Skills
| Contributor(s):: Pendry, P., Carr, A. M., Gee, N. R., Vandagriff, J. L.
Kyne–Donner Model of Authority’s Recommendation and Hurricane Evacuation Decisions: A Study of Hypothetical Hurricane Event in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas
| Contributor(s):: Kyne, Dean, Donner, William
Effects of visual obstruction, prey resources, and satiety on bird use of simulated airport grasslands
| Contributor(s):: Blackwell, Bradley F., Seamans, Thomas W., Linnell, Kimberly, Kutschbach-Brohl, Lisa, DeVault, Travis L.
Grasslands represent 39%–50% of U.S. airport properties, and a recent management framework recommended exploiting both antipredator behaviours and food resources in airport grasslands to curb use by birds considered hazardous to aviation safety. We evaluated framework predictions empirically by...
The Influence of Perceptions, Attitudes, and Experiences on the Perceived Risks and Benefits of Free-Roaming Cats
| Contributor(s):: Dara Wald, Susan K. Jacobson
Individual perceptions of free-roaming cats can vary from “voracious predators of small birds and mammals” to “cherished and beloved companion animals.” This paper focused on the influence of situational variables (e.g., experiences with outdoor cats), cognitive...
Risk factors of separation-related behaviours in Australian retrievers
| Contributor(s):: van Rooy, Diane, Thomson, Peter C., McGreevy, Paul D., Wade, Claire M.
Separation-related behaviours are reported in an estimated 14-29% of companion dogs. To investigate risk factors for these behaviours, owners were asked to complete a questionnaire, largely based on the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ), to report the behaviour of...
Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners
| Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley
In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...
A Moveable Beast: Subjective Influence of Human-Animal Relationships on Risk Perception, and Risk Behaviour during Bushfire Threat
| Contributor(s):: Joshua L. Trigg, Kirrilly Thomspon, Bradley Smith, Pauleen Bennett
This article examines how human-animal connections influence risk perception and behaviour in companion animal guardians exposed to bushfire threat in Australia. Although the objective role of psychological bonds with companion animals is well accepted by researchers, subjective interpretations...
Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia
| Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward
Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...
Benefits and Risks for People and Livestock of Keeping Companion Animals: Searching for a Healthy Balance
| Contributor(s):: Sterneberg-van der Maaten, T., Turner, D., Van Tilburg, J., Vaarten, J.
Modeling perceived risk from coyotes among Chicago residents
| Contributor(s):: Molly Spacapan
Coyote management in urban areas has become a concern for wildlife professionals. In the Greater Chicago Metropolitan Region (GCMR) wildlife professionals have received an increased number of complaints from residents. Based on cultural theory and cognitive hierarchy theory, we hypothesized that...
Best practices for designing and planning events where human-animal interactions are encouraged, based on observations of risk behaviors and hand hygiene at such events
| Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. These outbreaks demonstrate that although contact with animals in public settings can provide educational and entertainment opportunities, the potential to spread disease exists if...
Preventing and Investigating Horse-Related Human Injury and Fatality in Work and Non-Work Equestrian Environments: A Consideration of the Workplace Health and Safety Framework
| Contributor(s):: Meredith Chapman, Kirrilly Thompson
It has been suggested that one in five riders will be injured due to a fall from a horse, resulting in severe head or torso injuries. Attempts to reduce injury have primarily focussed on low level risk controls, such as helmets. In comparison, risk mitigation in high risk workplaces and sports is...
Improving the Understanding of Psychological Factors Contributing to Horse-Related Accident and Injury: Context, Loss of Focus, Cognitive Errors and Rigidity
| Contributor(s):: Jodi DeAraugo, Suzanne McLaren, Phil McManus, Paul D. McGreevy
While the role of the horse in riding hazards is well recognised, little attention has been paid to the role of specific theoretical psychological processes of humans in contributing to and mitigating risk. The injury, mortality or compensation claim rates for participants in the horse-racing...
Factors Influencing the Safety Behavior of German Equestrians: Attitudes towards Protective Equipment and Peer Behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Christina-Maria Ikinger, Jana Baldamus, Achim Spiller
Human interactions with horses entail certain risks. Although the acceptance and use of protective gear is increasing, a high number of incidents and very low or inconsistent voluntary use of safety equipment are reported. While past studies have examined factors influencing the use of safety...
Look Before You Leap: What Are the Obstacles to Risk Calculation in the Equestrian Sport of Eventing?
| Contributor(s):: Denzil O'Brien
All horse-riding is risky. In competitive horse sports, eventing is considered the riskiest, and is often characterised as very dangerous. But based on what data? There has been considerable research on the risks and unwanted outcomes of horse-riding in general, and on particular subsets of...