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Resources (121-137 of 137)

  1. Ethics in the societal debate on genetically modified organisms: a (re)quest for Sense and Sensibility

    Contributor(s):: Devos, Y., Maeseele, P., Reheul, D., Speybroeck, L. van, Waele, D. de

    Via a historical reconstruction, this paper primarily demonstrates how the societal debate on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) gradually extended in terms of actors involved and concerns reflected. It is argued that the implementation of recombinant DNA technology out of the laboratory and...

  2. BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...

  3. The introduction of the precautionary principle in Danish environmental policy: the case of plant growth retardants

    Contributor(s):: Lokke, S., Christensen, P.

    In this paper, we investigate the Precautionary Principle (PP) in action. Precaution is a fairly new concept in environmental policy. It emerged back in the 1960s but did not consolidate until the 1980s, as it formed part of the major changes taking place in environmental policies at that time....

  4. Locus of control and farmer orientation: effects on conservation adoption

    Contributor(s):: McNairn, H. E., Mitchell, B.

    Farmers in a southwestern Ontario watershed were surveyed to determine factors influencing their attitudes towards adoption of soil conservation practices. The majority of farmers in the watershed were internally motivated, which indicates that they believe that their own actions determine their...

  5. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  6. Dominance and neophobia in coyote ( Canis latrans ) breeding pairs

    Contributor(s):: Mettler, A. E., Shivik, J. A.

    Previous research suggests that within social animals, subordinate individuals are less neophobic than dominant individuals. We investigated the effect of social status on neophobic responses using 10 captive coyote breeding pairs. Social status was determined from observations of feeding...

  7. Decision support system with semantic model to assess the risk of tail biting in pigs. 1. Modelling

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Hulsegge, B., Keeling, L., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Tail biting is a multifactorial problem with important welfare as well as economic consequences. Different stakeholders in the pig production chain, such as farmers, consumers and policy makers are interested in reducing the level of tail biting, because tail biting may affect productivity,...

  8. Decision support system with semantic model to assess the risk of tail biting in pigs. 2. 'Validation'

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Hulsegge, B., Keeling, L., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Tail biting is a multifactorial problem with important welfare as well as economic consequences. Different stakeholders in the pig production chain, such as farmers, consumers and policy makers are interested in the level of tail biting, because tail biting may affect productivity, profit and...

  9. Assistance dog placement in the pediatric population: benefits, risks, and recommendations for future application

    Contributor(s):: Davis, B. W., Nattrass, K., O'Brien, S., Patronek, G., MacCollin, M.

    Assistance animals have long been recognized for their value in enhancing the lives of adults with disabilities by increasing the physical independence, confidence, and social lives of their handlers. Recently, this concept has been applied to the growing population of children with physical...

  10. Relinquish the dog?: Movie messages about misbehavior

    Contributor(s):: Rajecki, D. W., Rasmussen, J. L., Conner, T. J.

    Content analysis of selected films (Beethoven, K-9, Turner & Hooch) and a TV show (The Simpsons) revealed frequent instances of undesirable acts by dog characters including damaging, disobedience, soiling, and stealing. One reaction of human characters was frequent scolding. More seriously, all...

  11. Dog training as a violence prevention tool for at-risk adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Zasloff, R. L., Hart, L. A., Weiss, J. M.

    Humane education programs often target at-risk children and seek to teach empathy and gentleness with animals, but few of these have been assessed. This prospective, longitudinal study examined the effects of "Teaching Love and Compassion" (TLC), a humane education program employing educational...

  12. Video image analysis and animal welfare on farm

    Contributor(s):: Barbera, S.

    The management of farmed livestock frequently creates situations of stress because of the periodical necessity for handling procedures (weight and linear measurements, veterinary procedures etc). Some of these practices can be avoided using technologies that obviate the need for direct handling....

  13. How has the risk of predation shaped the behavioural responses of sheep to fear and distress?

    Contributor(s):: Dwyer, C. M.

    To use behaviours as indicators of stress it is important to understand their underlying causation. For a prey animal in the wild, such as a sheep, behavioural responses have evolved to evade detection and capture by predators. The behavioural responses of the wild ancestors of domestic sheep to...

  14. The humaneness of rodent pest control

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Littin, K. E.

  15. [Health problems associated with pets]

    Contributor(s):: Mantovani, A., Matyas, Z.

  16. Pets and the development of allergic sensitization

    Contributor(s):: Simpson, A., Custovic, A.

    Sensitization to pets remains a risk factor for asthma and rhinitis, and can occur in people who have never lived with a pet. Several reports have indicated that living with a pet reduces the risk for becoming sensitized to that pet. Having a pet in the home gives exposure to more than just...

  17. Pet allergy: how important for Turkey where there is a low pet ownership rate

    Contributor(s):: Mungan, D., Celik, G., Bavbek, S., Msrlgil, Z.

    Exposure and sensitization to allergens derived from cats/dogs have been shown to represent an important risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases. So far, there has not been any study exploring cat/dog sensitization and related factors in our geographic location. The aim of this study was to...