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  1. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.

    Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...

  2. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  3. Livestock-associated MRSA: epidemiology in animal production chains, transmission to humans and charateristics of the clone

    Contributor(s):: Wagenaar, J. A., Giessen, A. van de

    MRSA infections in people working with pigs was confirmed in 2005. Dutch data from 9 abattoirs showed that 39% of pigs and 81% of slaughter batches was contaminated with MRSA. All strains belonged to the sequence type ST398. This clone is now known as livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA). A...

  4. Socially constructing Pacific salmon

    Contributor(s):: Scarce, R.

  5. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2007: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to contact animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, farm tours, livestock-birthing...

  6. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  7. Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.

    Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y. pestis infection among plague...

  8. How anticipating relationships between dogs and children can help prevent disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Love, M., Overall, K. L.

  9. BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...

  10. Ethics in the societal debate on genetically modified organisms: a (re)quest for Sense and Sensibility

    | Contributor(s):: Devos, Y., Maeseele, P., Reheul, D., Speybroeck, L. van, Waele, D. de

    Via a historical reconstruction, this paper primarily demonstrates how the societal debate on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) gradually extended in terms of actors involved and concerns reflected. It is argued that the implementation of recombinant DNA technology out of the laboratory and...

  11. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    | Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  12. Locus of control and farmer orientation: effects on conservation adoption

    | Contributor(s):: McNairn, H. E., Mitchell, B.

    Farmers in a southwestern Ontario watershed were surveyed to determine factors influencing their attitudes towards adoption of soil conservation practices. The majority of farmers in the watershed were internally motivated, which indicates that they believe that their own actions determine their...

  13. Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.

    This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...

  14. The introduction of the precautionary principle in Danish environmental policy: the case of plant growth retardants

    | Contributor(s):: Lokke, S., Christensen, P.

    In this paper, we investigate the Precautionary Principle (PP) in action. Precaution is a fairly new concept in environmental policy. It emerged back in the 1960s but did not consolidate until the 1980s, as it formed part of the major changes taking place in environmental policies at that time....

  15. Dominance and neophobia in coyote ( Canis latrans ) breeding pairs

    | Contributor(s):: Mettler, A. E., Shivik, J. A.

    Previous research suggests that within social animals, subordinate individuals are less neophobic than dominant individuals. We investigated the effect of social status on neophobic responses using 10 captive coyote breeding pairs. Social status was determined from observations of feeding...

  16. Decision support system with semantic model to assess the risk of tail biting in pigs. 1. Modelling

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Hulsegge, B., Keeling, L., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Tail biting is a multifactorial problem with important welfare as well as economic consequences. Different stakeholders in the pig production chain, such as farmers, consumers and policy makers are interested in reducing the level of tail biting, because tail biting may affect productivity,...

  17. Decision support system with semantic model to assess the risk of tail biting in pigs. 2. 'Validation'

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Hulsegge, B., Keeling, L., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Tail biting is a multifactorial problem with important welfare as well as economic consequences. Different stakeholders in the pig production chain, such as farmers, consumers and policy makers are interested in the level of tail biting, because tail biting may affect productivity, profit and...

  18. Assistance dog placement in the pediatric population: benefits, risks, and recommendations for future application

    | Contributor(s):: Davis, B. W., Nattrass, K., O'Brien, S., Patronek, G., MacCollin, M.

    Assistance animals have long been recognized for their value in enhancing the lives of adults with disabilities by increasing the physical independence, confidence, and social lives of their handlers. Recently, this concept has been applied to the growing population of children with physical...

  19. Dog training as a violence prevention tool for at-risk adolescents

    | Contributor(s):: Zasloff, R. L., Hart, L. A., Weiss, J. M.

    Humane education programs often target at-risk children and seek to teach empathy and gentleness with animals, but few of these have been assessed. This prospective, longitudinal study examined the effects of "Teaching Love and Compassion" (TLC), a humane education program employing educational...

  20. Relinquish the dog?: Movie messages about misbehavior

    | Contributor(s):: Rajecki, D. W., Rasmussen, J. L., Conner, T. J.

    Content analysis of selected films (Beethoven, K-9, Turner & Hooch) and a TV show (The Simpsons) revealed frequent instances of undesirable acts by dog characters including damaging, disobedience, soiling, and stealing. One reaction of human characters was frequent scolding. More seriously, all...