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  1. Who wants privacy protection, and what do they want?

    Contributor(s):: Perri

  2. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  3. Agricultural biotechnology and the future benefits argument. (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)

    Contributor(s):: Burkhardt, J.

    In the face of criticisms about the current generation of agricultural biotechnology products, some proponents of agricultural biotechnology offer a "future benefits argument" (FBA), which is a utilitarian ethical argument that attempts to justify continued R&D. This paper analyses several...

  4. Animals in the media: New boundaries of risk?

    Contributor(s):: Gerber, David L. J., Burton-Jeangros, Claudine, Dubied, Annik

  5. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  6. Commercialization of perennial GE crops: looming challenges for regulatory frameworks

    Contributor(s):: Bagavathiannan, M. V., Spok, A., Acker, R. C. van

    Overall, the deregulation of genetically engineered (GE) crops for commercial cultivation in North America has been a success story. In several cases, however, GE crops have sparked concerns and disagreements among the stakeholders and there are incidences of court lawsuits, including a recent...

  7. Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...

  8. Ethical and value-based aspects of the European Commission's precautionary principle. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)

    Contributor(s):: Carr, S.

    In February 2000, the European Commission adopted a communication on the precautionary principle. This states how the commission intends to apply the principle and establishes guidelines for its application. The document is intended to inform discussions on international agreements. In...

  9. Exploring the links between science, risk, uncertainty, and ethics in regulatory controversies about genetically modified crops

    Contributor(s):: Carr, S., Levidow, L.

    Just as a stream of genetically modified crops looked set to be approved for commercial production in the European Union, the approval procedure appears to have become bogged down once again by disagreements among and within member states. Old controversies have resurfaced in new forms. The...

  10. Finding a precautionary approach to technological developments - lessons for the evaluation of GM crops. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)

    Contributor(s):: Mayer, S., Stirling, A.

    The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to be precautionary in nature, the decisions that have been taken have not gathered public confidence. Key attributes of a...

  11. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  12. Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests

    Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...

  13. Labeling products of biotechnology: towards communication and consent

    Contributor(s):: Jackson, D.

    This paper discusses issues surrounding the labelling of genetically modified products. Recently, both consumers and producers of biotechnology products have insisted that communication between the two be improved. The former demand more democratic participation in the risk assessment process of...

  14. Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market

    Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.

    As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...

  15. Ranking genetically modified plants according to familiarity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Madsen, K. H., Holm, P. B., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

    In public debate, genetically modified plants (GMPs) are often referred to as being unnatural or a violation of nature. Some people have serious moral concerns about departures from what is natural. Others are concerned about potential risks to the environment arising from the combination of...

  16. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  17. Risks associated with genetic modification: an annotated bibliography of peer reviewed natural science publications

    Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A., Morris, M. C.

    An annotated bibliography is presented of peer-reviewed papers highlighting the human health, animal welfare, and environmental risks (concerning biodiversity in particular) associated with genetic modification. The bibliography is organized according to the nature of the risks in question: (1)...

  18. Safety assurance of foods: risk management depends on good science but it is not a scientific activity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food

    Contributor(s):: Goga, B. T. C., Clementi, F.

    We make many decisions in our lives and we weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Our decisions are based on what benefits are most important to us and what drawbacks we are willing to accept. Decisions about what we eat are made in the same way; but when it comes to safety, our decisions are...

  19. Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.

    This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...

  20. Sustainable development and Norwegian genetic engineering regulations: applications, impacts, and challenges

    Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    The main purpose of The Norwegian Gene Technology Act (1993) is to enforce containment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and control of GMO releases. Furthermore, the Act intends to ensure that "production and use of GMOs should take place in an ethically and socially justifiable way, in...