Is lameness a welfare problem in dairy farms with automatic milking systems?
Contributor(s):: Klaas, I. C., Rousing, T., Fossing, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.
Lameness, a disease often observed in loose-housed dairy cattle herds, affects animal welfare in general and reduces cow locomotion. As cow traffic may be affected by restricted locomotion, lameness may be a significant problem in herds with automatic milking systems (AMSs). Between January and...
Measuring and monitoring animal welfare: transparency in the food product quality chain
Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, H. J., Jones, R. B., Geers, R., Miele, M., Veissier, I.
Animal welfare is of increasing significance for European consumers and citizens. Previously, agricultural production focused mainly on supply, price and competition but consumers now expect their food to be produced and processed with greater respect for the welfare of the animals. Food quality...
Repeatability of a skin tent test for dehydration in working horses and donkeys
Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Barr, A. R. S., Whay, H. R.
Dehydration is a serious welfare issue for equines working in developing countries. Risk factors such as high ambient temperature, heavy workload and poor water availability are exacerbated by the traditional belief that provision of water to working animals will reduce their strength or cause...
Social behaviour and injuries of horned cows in loose housing systems
Contributor(s):: Menke, C., Waiblinger, S., Folsch, D. W., Wiepkema, P. R.
The relationship between social behaviour and skin injuries (caused by horns) of loose housed horned cows was investigated on 35 dairy farms (mean herd-size, 34.54, range, 8-80). While the frequencies of 2 agonistic behaviour elements (push and chase away) were positively correlated with the...
Tail and ear biting lesions in pigs: an epidemiological study
Contributor(s):: Smulders, D., Hautekiet, V., Verbeke, G., Geers, R.
Tail and ear biting lesions have a negative effect both on the animal welfare status of pigs (Sus scrofus) and the economical revenue of the pig farm. Tail biting behaviour is an unpredictable, abnormal behaviour that is thought to have a multifactorial origin. On-farm factors influencing tail...
The effect of diet change on the behaviour of layer pullets
Contributor(s):: Dixon, G., Nicol, C. J.
Frequent diet change has been identified as a risk factor for feather pecking in commercial flocks but the mechanism underlying this association is not known. In this experiment we simulated a commercial change of diet between high quality (HQ) 19% protein, and low quality (LQ) 15% protein,...
The effect of essential oils showing acaricidal activity against the poultry red mite ( Dermanyssus gallinae ) on aspects of welfare and production of laying hens
Contributor(s):: George, Sparagano, O. A. E., Port, G., Okello, E., Shiel, R. S., Guy, J. H.
The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) causes severe welfare concerns for laying hens arising from anaemia and disease transmission, and has been identified as an associated risk factor in cannibalistic feather pecking. Previous work suggests that essential oils may offer an alternative to...
The journey to animal welfare improvement
Contributor(s):: Whay, H. R.
The process of driving improvement in animal welfare has three stages: (1) assessment of animal welfare, (2) identification of the risk factors potentially leading to a compromise in animal welfare, and (3) interventions, in response to the risk factors, to bring about improvement in animal...
Does exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life influence the development of allergic sensitization?
Contributor(s):: Ownby, D. R., Johnson, C. C.
Purpose of review: The goal of the review is to place studies published after 1 June 2002, concerning the relationship between early life exposure to cats and dogs and the later development of allergy, within the context of the effects of other environmental exposures on allergic disease. Recent...
Risk factors of relinquishment regarding canine behavior problems in South Korea
Contributor(s):: Kim, Y. M., Abd El-Aty, A. M., Hwang, S. H., Lee, J. H., Lee, S. M.
Pet allergy: how important for Turkey where there is a low pet ownership rate
Contributor(s):: Mungan, D., Celik, G., Bavbek, S., Msrlgil, Z.
Exposure and sensitization to allergens derived from cats/dogs have been shown to represent an important risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases. So far, there has not been any study exploring cat/dog sensitization and related factors in our geographic location. The aim of this study was to...
Managing separation anxiety: an evidence-based approach
Contributor(s):: Neilson, J. C.
Raising welfare standards for endurance riding. (UFAW Animal Welfare Series)
Contributor(s):: Loving, N. S.
This chapter covers the welfare issues associated with the use of horses in endurance riding. Endurance riding is described as well as the inherent risks of the sport. Regulations and standards that are followed in endurance riding are presented. Measures to avoid metabolic consequences in...