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The dynamic emergence of categories through imitation
Contributor(s):: Belpaeme, Tony, Boer, Bart de, Jansen, Bart
A Bayesian model of imitation in infants and robots
Contributor(s):: Rao, Rajesh P. N., Shon, Aaron P., Meltzoff, Andrew N.
Behaviour associated with feeding and milking of early lactation cows housed in an experimental automatic milking system
Contributor(s):: Winter, A., Hillerton, J. E.
Diurnal patterns of behaviour and behaviour associated with the use of an automatic milking stall were recorded at 10-min intervals for 5 consecutive days in 9 cows. All cows were in early lactation and housed in a straw yard. The automatic milking stall was operational between 06.00 and 0.00 h...
Behavioural problems associated with robot milking
Contributor(s):: Metz, J., Ipema, A. H.
Modifying the posture of cows for automatic milking
Contributor(s):: Mottram, T. T., Caroff, H., Gilbert, C.
Automatic milking systems currently being developed require methods of ensuring that cows adopt postures which allow the attachment of teatcups with >=1 robot arm(s). The ideal posture is for the cow to stand still with its hind legs apart and clear of the udder. Accessibility of the teats was...
Relative motivations of dairy cows to be milked or fed in a Y-maze and an automatic milking system
Contributor(s):: Prescott, N. B., Mottram, T. T., Webster, A. J. F.
In experiments I and II [year not given], 6 high-yielding (HY, 33.9 litres/day, s.d. 5.4 litres) and 6 low-yielding (LY, 13.8 litres/day, s.d. 1.6 litres) cows were given the choice to be milked or not in a Y-maze 5-times/day every 3.5 h. The mean number of milkings chosen/cow per day during the...
Behaviour of dairy cows under free or forced cow traffic in a simulated automatic milking system environment
Contributor(s):: Lauwere, C. C. K. de, Hendriks, M. M. W. B., Metz, J. H. M., Schouten, W. G. P.
The behaviour in 20 crossbred Holstein cows in 3 experiments (Ia, Ib and II) was studied in a cubicle house with a selection system consisting of a selection stall and a concentrate feeder, simulating an automatic milking system (AMS). The study was carried out at the De Ossekampen experimental...
Effects of artificial boar stimuli on the expression of oestrus in sows
Contributor(s):: Gerritsen, R., Langendijk, P., Soede, N., Kemp, B.
In this study, the effects of artificial boar stimuli on oestrus expression in sows were compared to that of a boar. During consecutive cycles, 12 gilts and 38 sows were subjected to one of the three treatments. A Back-Pressure-Test (BPT) was carried out twice daily in the presence of a robot...
Milking of Brown Swiss and Austrian Simmental cows in a herringbone parlour or an automatic milking unit
Contributor(s):: Hagen, K., Lexer, D., Palme, R., Troxler, J., Waiblinger, S.
Automatic milking systems (AMS) are becoming increasingly common on dairy farms and should be evaluated for their effect on cow welfare. Dairy cows' stress responses during normal successful milking in a 2x6 herringbone milking parlour (HMP) were compared with their responses during normal...
Does it bite? The role of stimuli characteristics on preschoolers' interactions with robots, insects and a dog
Contributor(s):: Howard, L., Vick, S. J.
While there is increasing interest in the impact of animal interactions upon children's wellbeing and attitudes, there has been less attention paid to the specific characteristics of the animals that attract and engage children. We used a within-subjects design to explore how differences in...
Go, dog, go: maze training AIBO vs. a live dog, an exploratory study
Contributor(s):: Pepe, A. A., Ellis, L. U., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in interaction and attribution when participants directed either a robotic dog (AIBO) or a live dog. Twenty-nine participants (20 female, 9 male) directed one of the two entities, a live dog or AIBO, through a complex maze from a remote...
Animal ethics: the capabilities approach. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)
Contributor(s):: Tulloch, G.
This paper argues that beliefs about human nature are central for animal ethics as beliefs about animal nature ground human treatment of animals. It shows that what constitutes animal nature is a contested question, and that animals have long been considered inferior to humans in Western thought....