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  1. Humanely Ending the Life of Animals: Research Priorities to Identify Alternatives to Carbon Dioxide

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aline R. Steiner, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Charlotte Berg, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Rebeca García Pinillos, Huw D.R. Golledge, Michael Marahrens, Robert Meyer, Tobias Schnitzer, Michael J. Toscano, Patricia V. Turner, Daniel M. Weary, Thomas C. Gent

    The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) for stunning and killing animals is considered to compromise welfare due to air hunger, anxiety, fear, and pain. Despite decades of research, no alternatives have so far been found that provide a safe and reliable way to induce unconsciousness in groups of...

  2. Leptospira Seropositivity in Humans, Livestock and Wild Animals in a Semi-Arid Area of Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Mgode, Georgies F., Mhamphi, Ginethon G., Massawe, Apia W., Machang'u, Robert S.

  3. Hang on: an evaluation of the hemp rope as environmental enrichment in C57BL/6 mice

    | Contributor(s):: Gjendal, K., Sorensen, D. B., Kiersgaard, M. K., Ottesen, J. L.

  4. Zoo foraging ecology: development and assessment of a welfare tool for captive animals

    | Contributor(s):: Troxell-Smith, S. M., Whelan, C. J., Magle, S. B., Brown, J. S.

  5. Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.

  6. Conspecific attraction in invasive wild house mice: Effects of strain, sex and diet

    | Contributor(s):: Shapira, Idan, Brunton, Dianne, Shanas, Uri, Raubenheimer, David

    Invasive rodents pose major concerns for human health, agriculture and conservation. House mice Mus musculus are one of the most formidable invasive rodents, and require intensive efforts for their control. Control measures rely largely on food baits but difficulties in the eradication of mouse...

  7. Natural bait additives improve trapping success of common voles, Microtus arvalis

    | Contributor(s):: Schlötelburg, Annika, Jakob, Gerhard, Bellingrath-Kimura, Sonoko, Jacob, Jens

    Common voles are serious pests in European agriculture, damaging cereals, rapeseed and other crops and causing substantial losses per outbreak. Not only might the usual approach of applying rodenticides for population management have disadvantages for non-target species, these rodenticides also...

  8. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  9. ANIMAL-ASSISTED ACTIVITIES: Effects of Animals on Positive Emotional Display in Children in Inclusion Classrooms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gayatri Mazgaonkar

    Animals are commonly present in classrooms and may be an important tool in enhancing children’s experiences, especially in inclusion classrooms that provide integrative learning for both typically developing children and children with special needs. The purpose of this study was to...

  10. Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger

    Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...

  11. Model-Based Reverse Translation Between Veterinary and Human Medicine: The One Health Initiative

    | Contributor(s):: Benjamin Schneider, Violeta Balbas-Martinez, Albert E. Jergens, Inaki F. Troconiz

    There is growing concern about the limitations of rodent models with regard to recapitulation of human disease pathogenesis. Computational modeling of data from humans and animals sharing similar diseases provides an opportunity for parallel drug development in human and veterinary medicine....

  12. To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl

    It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...

  13. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human–Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction...

  14. ExNOTic: Should We Be Keeping Exotic Pets?

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel A Grant, V Tamara Montrose, Alison P Wills

    There has been a recent trend towards keeping non-traditional companion animals, also known as exotic pets. These pets include parrots, reptiles, amphibians and rabbits, as well as small species of rodent such as degus and guinea pigs. Many of these exotic pet species are not domesticated, and...

  15. An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus)

    | Contributor(s):: Rosemary Norman, Alison P. Wills

  16. Of Mice, Birds, and Men: The Mouse Ultrasonic Song System Has Some Features Similar to Humans and Song-Learning Birds

    | Contributor(s):: Gustavo Arriaga, Eric P. Zhou, Erich D. Jarvis

    Humans and song-learning birds communicate acoustically using learned vocalizations. The characteristic features of this social communication behavior include vocal control by forebrain motor areas, a direct cortical projection to brainstem vocal motor neurons, and dependence on auditory feedback...

  17. An evaluation of two traps and sets for trapping the plains pocket gopher

    | Contributor(s):: Vantassel, Stephen M., Tyre, Andrew J., Hygnstrom, Scott E.

  18. Efficacy of Ropel registered as a coyote repellent

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, Elizabeth A., Young, Julie K., Stelting, Scott, Kimball, Bruce A.

  19. Rodent population management at Kansas City International Airport

    | Contributor(s):: Witmer, G. W.

  20. A rat-resistant artificial nest box for cavity-nesting birds

    | Contributor(s):: Pitt, W. C., Driscoll, L. C., VanderWerf, E. A.