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  1. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  2. ANIMAL-ASSISTED ACTIVITIES: Effects of Animals on Positive Emotional Display in Children in Inclusion Classrooms

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Gayatri Mazgaonkar

    Animals are commonly present in classrooms and may be an important tool in enhancing children’s experiences, especially in inclusion classrooms that provide integrative learning for both typically developing children and children with special needs. The purpose of this study was to...

  3. Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger

    Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...

  4. Model-Based Reverse Translation Between Veterinary and Human Medicine: The One Health Initiative

    | Contributor(s):: Benjamin Schneider, Violeta Balbas-Martinez, Albert E. Jergens, Inaki F. Troconiz

    There is growing concern about the limitations of rodent models with regard to recapitulation of human disease pathogenesis. Computational modeling of data from humans and animals sharing similar diseases provides an opportunity for parallel drug development in human and veterinary medicine....

  5. To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl

    It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...

  6. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human-Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction (e.g.,...

  7. ExNOTic: Should We Be Keeping Exotic Pets?

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel A Grant, V Tamara Montrose, Alison P Wills

    There has been a recent trend towards keeping non-traditional companion animals, also known as exotic pets. These pets include parrots, reptiles, amphibians and rabbits, as well as small species of rodent such as degus and guinea pigs. Many of these exotic pet species are not domesticated, and...

  8. An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus)

    | Contributor(s):: Rosemary Norman, Alison P. Wills

  9. Of Mice, Birds, and Men: The Mouse Ultrasonic Song System Has Some Features Similar to Humans and Song-Learning Birds

    | Contributor(s):: Gustavo Arriaga, Eric P. Zhou, Erich D. Jarvis

    Humans and song-learning birds communicate acoustically using learned vocalizations. The characteristic features of this social communication behavior include vocal control by forebrain motor areas, a direct cortical projection to brainstem vocal motor neurons, and dependence on auditory feedback...

  10. Oestrus odours from rats and mares: behavioural responses of sexually naive and experienced rats to natural odours and odorants

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, B. L., Jerome, N., Saint-Albin, A., Ouali, C., Rochut, S., Zins, E. L., Briant, C., Guettier, E., Reigner, F., Couty, I., Magistrini, M., Rampin, O.

    Three experiments were conducted to investigate if sexual experience affects the behavioural response of male rats to natural oestrus odours and constituent odorants. In the first experiment, 16 male Brown Norway rats were exposed before and after sexual training to four odours (1-hexanol (herb...

  11. Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...

  12. The effects of metabolic cage housing and sex on cognitive bias expression in rats

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, T. H., Howarth, G. S., Whittaker, A. L.

    The use of metabolic cages is established housing protocol in small-animal, gastrointestinal research. Physiological data, as primarily observed through secretions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has shown that rodents housed in this manner experience an increased stress response. Few...

  13. An evaluation of two traps and sets for trapping the plains pocket gopher

    | Contributor(s):: Vantassel, Stephen M., Tyre, Andrew J., Hygnstrom, Scott E.

  14. Efficacy of Ropel registered as a coyote repellent

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, Elizabeth A., Young, Julie K., Stelting, Scott, Kimball, Bruce A.

  15. Rodent population management at Kansas City International Airport

    | Contributor(s):: Witmer, G. W.

  16. A rat-resistant artificial nest box for cavity-nesting birds

    | Contributor(s):: Pitt, W. C., Driscoll, L. C., VanderWerf, E. A.

  17. Experimental control for the ovariectomized rat model: use of sham versus nonmanipulated animal

    | Contributor(s):: Kruger, M. C., Morel, P. C. H.

    One of 2 models required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for registration of a treatment for osteoporosis, the ovariectomized (OVX) rat model, is widely used in scientific studies investigating sex hormone-deficient bone loss. The use of control nonhuman animals is critical because bone...

  18. Effects of stereotypic behaviour and chronic mild stress on judgement bias in laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Novak, J., Stojanovski, K., Melotti, L., Reichlin, T., Palme, R., Wurbel, H.

    Cognitive processes are influenced by underlying affective states, and tests of cognitive bias have recently been developed to assess the valence of affective states in animals. These tests are based on the fact that individuals in a negative affective state interpret ambiguous stimuli more...

  19. Association between personality and stereotypic behaviours in the African striped mouse Rhabdomys dilectus

    | Contributor(s):: Joshi, S., Pillay, N.

    Stereotypic behaviours, which are abnormal, repetitive and invariant behaviours caused by frustration and/or central nervous system dysfunction, develop as a result of sub-optimal captive conditions that provide inadequate motor and sensory stimulation. However, not all individuals housed under...

  20. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    | Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...