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  1. The welfare impact of increased gavaging doses in rats

    Contributor(s):: Alban, L., Dahl, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Hejgaard, K. C., Jensen, A. L., Kragh, M., Thomsen, P., Steensgaard, P.

    Textbook recommendations for gavaging rats vary between 1-5 ml for an adult rat. Rats weighing either 130 or 250 g were gavaged with varying dosages of barium sulphate (BaSO4). After dosing, radiographs were taken at 0, 15 and 60 min. Animals showing a section of the small intestine totally...

  2. The welfare problems associated with using transgenic mice to bioassay for bovine spongiform encephalopathy

    Contributor(s):: Jenkins, E. S., Combes, R. D.

    The ethical score system devised by Porter (Nature (1992) 365: 101-102) was applied to the transgenic mouse model used to bioassay BSE. Areas identified as potential targets for reducing the severity of the bioassay included the method of inoculation, duration of the bioassay and the duration of...

  3. Tools to measure and improve animal welfare: reward-related behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Harst, J. E. van der, Spruijt, B. M.

    There is an increasing requirement for tools to assess and improve animal welfare in an objective and scientifically based manner. In our research a concept of welfare is applied which states that welfare is determined by the balance between positive and negative experiences. This concept implies...

  4. Traps for killing stoats ( Mustela erminea ): improving welfare performance

    Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Poutu, N., Peters, D., Waddington, P.

    Fenn traps are widely used in New Zealand for control of small predators. Introduced stoats (Mustela erminea) pose a significant risk to many indigenous New Zealand bird species, and the Department of Conservation (DOC) has used Fenn traps to reduce their numbers over the last 20-30 years....

  5. Use of in-cage shelters by laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Townsend, P.

    The effect of providing a shelter to single-housed rats was measured in terms of the preference shown for a cage containing a shelter compared with a barren cage, the range of behaviours performed and the apparent fearfulness of the animals. Of 20 Wistar male rats, all showed a strong preference...

  6. Welfare considerations with regard to transgenic animals

    Contributor(s):: Poole, T. B.

  7. Bushmen and mammal-fauna : a survey of the mammals traded in bush-meat markets of local people in the rainforests of south-eastern Nigeria [sic]

    Contributor(s):: Angelici, Francesco M., Luiselli, Luca, Politano, Edoardo, Akani, Godfrey C.

  8. Zoonotic disease concerns in animal-assisted therapy and animal visitation programs

    Contributor(s):: Waltner-Toews, D.

    In a survey of 150 systematically selected US animal care agencies and 74 Canadian humane societies to determine the prevalence of animal assisted therapy (AAT) programmes (concerns about, and experience with zoonotic diseases; and precautions taken to prevent zoonotic disease transmission) 69 US...

  9. Individually ventilated cages and rodent welfare: report of the 2002 RSPCA/UFAW rodent welfare group meeting

    Contributor(s):: Hawkins, P., Anderson, D., Applebee, K., Key, D., Wallace, J., Milite, G., Clark, J. M., Hubrecht, R., Jennings, M.

    The RSPCA/UFAW Rodent Welfare Group holds a one-day meeting every autumn so that its members can discuss current welfare research and exchange views on rodent welfare issues. The 2002 meeting focused on welfare issues associated with housing rodents in individually ventilated cages (IVCs)....

  10. Pet ownership among persons with AIDS in three Florida counties

    Contributor(s):: Conti, L., Lieb, S., Liberti, T., Wiley-Bayless, M., Hepburn, K., Diaz, T.