Beasts on Fields. Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Nature-Culture Borderlands
Contributor(s):: Tino Johansson
Human-wildlife conflicts are today an integral part of the rural development discourse. In this research, the main focus is on the spatial explanation which is not a very common approach in the reviewed literature. My research hypothesis is based on the assumption that human-wildlife conflicts...
A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability
Contributor(s):: Makita, R.
Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...
Husbandry to industry: Animal Agriculture, Ethics and Public Policy
Contributor(s):: Harfeld, Jes
The rationality of biofuel certification: a critical examination of EU biofuel policy
Contributor(s):: Pols, A. J. K.
Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive (RED), that aims to...
Counting llamas and accounting for people: livestock, land and citizens in southern Bolivia
Contributor(s):: Bolton, Maggie
The political economy of land grabs in Malawi: investigating the contribution of limphasa sugar corporation to rural development
Contributor(s):: Chinsinga, B., Chasukwa, M., Zuka, S. P.
Though a recent phenomenon, land grabs have generated considerable debate that remains highly polarized. In this debate, one view presents land deals as a path to sustainable and transformative rural development through capital accumulation, infrastructural development, technology transfer, and...
The politics and ethics of land concessions in rural Cambodia
Contributor(s):: Neef, A., Touch, S., Chiengthong, J.
In rural Cambodia the rampant allocation of state land to political elites and foreign investors in the form of "Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)" - estimated to cover an area equivalent to more than 50% of the country's arable land - has been associated with encroachment on farmland, community...
Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO
Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.
A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...
Animals, poor people and food insecurity: opportunities for improved livelihoods through efficient natural resource management
Contributor(s):: Devendra, C., Chantalakhana, C.
Poverty is a rural dilemma and continues to be a persistent multidimensional problem. It is associated with poor farmers, small farm systems, the landless, resource endowments, the socioeconomic environment and externalities. Over 75% of the poor live and work in rural areas, trapped in a...
A review of range production and management extension activities in Kenya
Contributor(s):: Maranga, E. K.
The paper presents an overview of the development of range management extension activities in Kenya. The status quo of range management activities is discussed with particular reference to extension infrastructure, scope of extension interventions and mechanisms of dissemination of these...
Agricultural practices, ecology and ethics in the Third World
Contributor(s):: Westra, L. S., Bowen, K. L., Behe, B. K.
The increasing demand for horticultural products for nutritional and economic purposes by lesser developed countries (LDCs) is well documented. Technological demands of the LDCs producing horticultural products are also increasing. Pesticide use is an integral component of most agricultural...
Demographic and farm characteristic differences in Ontario farmers' views about sustainability policies
Contributor(s):: Filson, G. C.
This study was undertaken to assess 1100 farmers' attitudes toward sustainable agriculture and the environment. The majority of Ontario farmers in this 1991 survey supported the need for government policies which promote sustainable agriculture but there were major differences in the government...
Development aid: the moral obligation to innovation
Contributor(s):: Dundon, S. J.
The prominent, though not exclusive, role of basic needs strategies to attain ethically acceptable development goals raises the question of the ability of development agencies to find and employ basic needs strategies. The obligation to prevent severe human suffering leads to the obligation to...
Melanesian axiology, communal land tenure, and the prospect of sustainable development within Papua New Guinea
Contributor(s):: Lea, D. R.
It is argued that some progress in alleviating the social and environmental problems which are beginning to face Papua New Guinea can be achieved by supporting traditional Melanesian values through maintaining the customary system of communal land tenure. The paper contrasts certain Western...
The community vs. the market and the state: forest use in Uttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas
Contributor(s):: Arun, Agrawal
It has generally been presumed that local populations, if they act in their self-interest, seldom conserve or protect natural resources without external intervention or privatization. Using the example of forest management by villagers in the Indian Himalayas, this paper argues that rural...
Transforming the integrated conservation and development project (ICDP) approach: observations from the Ranomafana National Park Project, Madagascar
Contributor(s):: Peters, J.
Preservation of the biological diversity and ecosystems in protected areas can be achieved through projects linking conservation of the protected areas with improved standards of living for resident peoples within surrounding buffer zones. This is the hypothetical claim of the integrated...
The role of donkeys in the commodity supply of a central Malian town
Contributor(s):: Wilson, R. T.
Daily and seasonal activity patterns of donkeys were collected over a 9 month period in Niono, a government administrative centre and the commercial headquarters of a large parastatal irrigation scheme. The numbers of transport animals entering the town were noted, as were the species (donkey,...