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  1. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  2. The effect of dog–human interaction on cortisol and behavior in registered animal-assisted activity dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ng, Zenithson Y., Pierce, Bess J., Otto, Cynthia M., Buechner-Maxwell, Virginia A., Siracusa, Carlo, Werre, Stephen R.

    The effect of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on the animal participants has been minimally investigated, and the welfare of these animals has been questioned. To enhance our understanding of these animals’ welfare, we measured cortisol collected from serial saliva samples of 15 healthy adult...

  3. Using personality ratings and cortisol to characterize individual differences in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    Contributor(s):: Grand, Alison P., Kuhar, Christopher W., Leighty, Katherine A., Bettinger, Tamara L., Laudenslager, Mark L.

    The development of indices to assist in the management of captive animals and assess their well-being is a key priority for those responsible for providing care to animals in captivity, including the zoological community. In particular, the design of indices for use with some of the more...

  4. Stress and stress reduction in common marmosets

    Contributor(s):: Kaplan, Gisela, Pines, Mathew K., Rogers, Lesley J.

    Surprisingly few studies have measured cortisol levels in captive primates using samples collected during everyday life to gauge which activities and circumstances might induce or reduce stress. Much of what is behaviourally identifiable as stress may not to be reflected in physiological stress,...

  5. Salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in a population of healthy dogs hospitalized for elective procedures

    Contributor(s):: Hekman, Jessica P., Karas, Alicia Z., Dreschel, Nancy A.

    Identification of severe stress in hospitalized veterinary patients may improve treatment outcomes and welfare. To assess stress levels, in Study 1, we collected salivary cortisol samples and behavioral parameters in 28 healthy dogs hospitalized prior to elective procedures. Dogs were categorized...

  6. A novel scale of behavioural indicators of stress for use with domestic horses

    Contributor(s):: Young, Tamsin, Creighton, Emma, Smith, Tessa, Hosie, Charlotte

    Behaviour scores (BS) offer non-invasive, objective and easy to use ways of assessing welfare in animals. Their development has, however, largely focused on behavioural reactions to stressful events (often induced), and little use of physiological measures has been made to underpin and validate...

  7. Effects of Stroking on Salivary Oxytocin and Cortisol in Guide Dogs: Preliminary Results

    Contributor(s):: Ogi, A., Mariti, C., Baragli, P., Sergi, V., Gazzano, A.

    This pilot study aimed at investigating how salivary oxytocin levels are affected by human interaction and isolation in eight guide dogs (six Labrador retrievers and two golden retrievers; four males and four females, 21.87 +/- 1.36 months old) just before assignment to the blind person. Each dog...

  8. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Buckendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  9. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  10. Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs

    Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...

  11. Aversiveness of husbandry procedures for pre-weaned foals: A comparison using behavioural and physiological indices

    Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Sobczyńska, Magdalena, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Sankey, Carol, Boroń, Marlena, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Husbandry procedures are necessary for different purposes in horse breeding. The aim of the present study was to assess the aversiveness and effects on the horse-human relationship of a range of common husbandry procedures, in pre-weaned non-habituated Konik polski foals. Our measures included...

  12. Effects of Affiliative Human–Animal Interaction on Dog Salivary and Plasma Oxytocin and Vasopressin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Evan MacLean, Laurence R Gesquiere, Nancy R Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

    Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are neuropeptides with diverse effects on social behavior, cognition and stress responses. Recent studies suggest that OT facilitates and responds to affiliative forms of human–animal interaction (HAI). However, previous studies measuring OT and AVP in...

  13. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions on therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    | Contributor(s):: McCullough, Amy, Jenkins, Molly A., Ruehrdanz, Ashleigh, Gilmer, Mary Jo, Olson, Janice, Pawar, Anjali, Holley, Leslie, Sierra-Rivera, Shirley, Linder, Deborah E., Pichette, Danielle, Grossman, Neil J., Hellman, Cynthia, Guérin, Noémie A., O’Haire, Marguerite E.

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  14. Evaluation of different habituation protocols for training dairy jennies to the milking parlor: Effect on milk yield, behavior, heart rate and salivary cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: De Palo, Pasquale, Maggiolino, Aristide, Albenzio, Marzia, Caroprese, Mariangela, Centoducati, Pasquale, Tateo, Alessandra

    The aim of the trial was to apply different habituation protocols for machine milking to never machine-milked donkeys observing the effect on behavior, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration and milk yield. Sixty lactating dairy donkeys were studied; the animals were divided into three...

  15. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  16. Why care about the mental health of therapy dogs | Everett Lowenstein | TEDxChallengeEarlyCollegeHS

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Everett Lowenstein

    Everett loves dogs - particularly his own dog who also works as a therapy dog.  In their therapy work together, Everett became concerned about the emotional well-being of his dog due to the stress of it.  In this talk, Everett not only shares findings about the stress levels of dogs -...

  17. Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Magda Alves de Medeiros

    Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...

  18. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  19. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  20. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...