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  1. Repeated separations between a future guide dog and its foster family modify stress-related indicators and affect dog's focus

    Contributor(s):: Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Berthelot, C., Kalonji, G., Bienboire-Frosini, C., Mendonca, T., Lascar, E., Pageat, P.

  2. Scent dog identification of SARS-CoV-2 infections in different body fluids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Claudia Schulz, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Eras Osterhaus, Hans Ebbers, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Marylyn Martina Addo, Christiane Ernst, Wencke Schäfer, Michael Engels, Anja Petrov, Katharina Marquart, Ulrich Schotte, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background The main strategy to contain the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains to implement a comprehensive testing, tracing and quarantining strategy until vaccination of the population is adequate. Scent dogs could support current testing strategies. Methods Ten dogs were trained for...

  3. The Impact of an Animal-Assisted Intervention Using Certified Therapy Dogs on Psychological and Physiological Measures of Pre-Licensure Baccalaureate Nursing Student Test Anxiety

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, Cristen

  4. Applying welfare science to bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Clegg, I. L. K., Van Elk, C. E., Delfour, F.

  5. Who are you, really? Unlocking the key to what makes that dog tick

    | Contributor(s):: Brophey, K., Dale, S.

    2020410-4139781946483201North American Veterinary Community (NAVC)Orlando,EnglishThe Dog Door Behavior Center Asheville, North Carolina, USA.text

  6. Diagnosis of Feline Food Sensitivity and Intolerance Using Saliva: 1000 Cases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: W. Jean Dodds

    This prospective study assessed the efficacy of a novel saliva-based immunoassay of IgA- and IgM-antibodies in predicting feline food sensitivities and intolerances. Clinical samples were obtained from 1000 cats proven or suspected to have food intolerances. Most were of domestic shorthair...

  7. The Health Benefits of Visiting a Zoo, Park, and Aquarium for Older Japanese

    | Contributor(s):: Akiyama, Junko, Sakagami, Taketo, Uchiyama, Hidehiko, Ohta, Mitsuaki

  8. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  9. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  10. The Impact of a 20-Minute Animal-Assisted Activity Session on the Physiological and Emotional States in Patients With Fibromyalgia

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, S., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B., Mohabbat, A. B.

  11. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores (HGS)...

  12. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  13. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  14. Using personality ratings and cortisol to characterize individual differences in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    | Contributor(s):: Grand, Alison P., Kuhar, Christopher W., Leighty, Katherine A., Bettinger, Tamara L., Laudenslager, Mark L.

    The development of indices to assist in the management of captive animals and assess their well-being is a key priority for those responsible for providing care to animals in captivity, including the zoological community. In particular, the design of indices for use with some of the more...

  15. Stress and stress reduction in common marmosets

    | Contributor(s):: Kaplan, Gisela, Pines, Mathew K., Rogers, Lesley J.

    Surprisingly few studies have measured cortisol levels in captive primates using samples collected during everyday life to gauge which activities and circumstances might induce or reduce stress. Much of what is behaviourally identifiable as stress may not to be reflected in physiological stress,...

  16. Salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in a population of healthy dogs hospitalized for elective procedures

    | Contributor(s):: Hekman, Jessica P., Karas, Alicia Z., Dreschel, Nancy A.

    Identification of severe stress in hospitalized veterinary patients may improve treatment outcomes and welfare. To assess stress levels, in Study 1, we collected salivary cortisol samples and behavioral parameters in 28 healthy dogs hospitalized prior to elective procedures. Dogs were categorized...

  17. A novel scale of behavioural indicators of stress for use with domestic horses

    | Contributor(s):: Young, Tamsin, Creighton, Emma, Smith, Tessa, Hosie, Charlotte

    Behaviour scores (BS) offer non-invasive, objective and easy to use ways of assessing welfare in animals. Their development has, however, largely focused on behavioural reactions to stressful events (often induced), and little use of physiological measures has been made to underpin and validate...

  18. Effects of Stroking on Salivary Oxytocin and Cortisol in Guide Dogs: Preliminary Results

    | Contributor(s):: Ogi, A., Mariti, C., Baragli, P., Sergi, V., Gazzano, A.

    This pilot study aimed at investigating how salivary oxytocin levels are affected by human interaction and isolation in eight guide dogs (six Labrador retrievers and two golden retrievers; four males and four females, 21.87 +/- 1.36 months old) just before assignment to the blind person. Each dog...

  19. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  20. Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...