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  1. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Buckendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  2. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  3. Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs

    Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...

  4. Aversiveness of husbandry procedures for pre-weaned foals: A comparison using behavioural and physiological indices

    Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Sobczyńska, Magdalena, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Sankey, Carol, Boroń, Marlena, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Husbandry procedures are necessary for different purposes in horse breeding. The aim of the present study was to assess the aversiveness and effects on the horse-human relationship of a range of common husbandry procedures, in pre-weaned non-habituated Konik polski foals. Our measures included...

  5. Effects of Affiliative Human–Animal Interaction on Dog Salivary and Plasma Oxytocin and Vasopressin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Evan MacLean, Laurence R Gesquiere, Nancy R Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

    Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are neuropeptides with diverse effects on social behavior, cognition and stress responses. Recent studies suggest that OT facilitates and responds to affiliative forms of human–animal interaction (HAI). However, previous studies measuring OT and AVP in...

  6. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions on therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    | Contributor(s):: McCullough, Amy, Jenkins, Molly A., Ruehrdanz, Ashleigh, Gilmer, Mary Jo, Olson, Janice, Pawar, Anjali, Holley, Leslie, Sierra-Rivera, Shirley, Linder, Deborah E., Pichette, Danielle, Grossman, Neil J., Hellman, Cynthia, Guérin, Noémie A., O’Haire, Marguerite E.

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  7. Evaluation of different habituation protocols for training dairy jennies to the milking parlor: Effect on milk yield, behavior, heart rate and salivary cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: De Palo, Pasquale, Maggiolino, Aristide, Albenzio, Marzia, Caroprese, Mariangela, Centoducati, Pasquale, Tateo, Alessandra

    The aim of the trial was to apply different habituation protocols for machine milking to never machine-milked donkeys observing the effect on behavior, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration and milk yield. Sixty lactating dairy donkeys were studied; the animals were divided into three...

  8. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  9. Why care about the mental health of therapy dogs | Everett Lowenstein | TEDxChallengeEarlyCollegeHS

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Everett Lowenstein

    Everett loves dogs - particularly his own dog who also works as a therapy dog.  In their therapy work together, Everett became concerned about the emotional well-being of his dog due to the stress of it.  In this talk, Everett not only shares findings about the stress levels of dogs -...

  10. Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Magda Alves de Medeiros

    Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...

  11. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  12. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  13. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...

  14. Replication Pilot Trial of Therapeutic Horseback Riding and Cortisol Collection With Children on the Autism Spectrum

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pan, Z., Granger, D. A., Guerin, N. A.

    We aimed to determine whether results of our prior randomized control trial [RCT; NCT02301195, (1)] of Therapeutic Horseback Riding (THR) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) could be replicated at a different riding center and if treatment effects also...

  15. Validation of salivary oxytocin and vasopressin as biomarkers in domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Gesquiere, L. R., Nancy Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

  16. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  17. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  18. Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems

    | Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.

  19. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  20. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....