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  1. The lying and standing activity indices of dairy cows in free-stall housing

    Contributor(s):: Mattachini, Gabriele, Riva, Elisabetta, Provolo, Giorgio

    Behavioural activity is used as an indication of animal comfort, and lying and standing behaviours are often used as a sign of well-being in cattle and to evaluate the quality of stalls. The aim of this study was to compare the values of different behavioural indices at different scan-sampling...

  2. Detecting autocorrelation problems from GPS collar data in livestock studies

    Contributor(s):: Perotto-Baldivieso, Humberto Lauro, Cooper, Susan Margaret, Cibils, Andrés Francisco, Figueroa-Pagán, Manuel, Udaeta, Karen, Black-Rubio, Christina Michelle

    Uneven use of grasslands and savannas by livestock has a significant impact on ecosystem productivity, biodiversity, and function. In studies of livestock distribution, global positioning systems (GPS) collars are frequently used and the rapid rate of technological improvement has brought new...

  3. Detecting autocorrelation problems from GPS collar data in livestock studies

    Contributor(s):: Perotto-Baldivieso, Humberto Lauro, Cooper, Susan Margaret, Cibils, Andrés Francisco, Figueroa-Pagán, Manuel, Udaeta, Karen, Black-Rubio, Christina Michelle

    Uneven use of grasslands and savannas by livestock has a significant impact on ecosystem productivity, biodiversity, and function. In studies of livestock distribution, global positioning systems (GPS) collars are frequently used and the rapid rate of technological improvement has brought new...

  4. Measuring behaviour accurately with instantaneous sampling: A new tool for selecting appropriate sampling intervals

    Contributor(s):: Hämäläinen, Wilhelmiina, Ruuska, Salla, Kokkonen, Tuomo, Orkola, Saana, Mononen, Jaakko

    A central dilemma in instantaneous sampling (IS) is to select appropriate sampling intervals for different behaviours. Ideally, the interval should be as long as possible without risking the accuracy of obtained estimates. In this study, we developed a computational method for evaluating the...

  5. Circumpolarity : Human-Animal Relationships in the Circumpolar North

    Contributor(s):: David George Anderson

    This five-year project investigates how people and animals today, and in the past, build sustainable communities around the circumpolar Arctic.

  6. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  7. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  8. Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis

    Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.

    This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...

  9. Comparative Effects of Horse Exercise Versus Traditional Exercise Programs on Gait, Muscle Strength, and Body Balance in Healthy Older Adults

    Contributor(s):: Aranda-García, Silvia, Iricibar, Albert, Planas, Antoni, Prat-Subirana, Joan A., Angulo-Barroso, Rosa M.

  10. "Walking the dog" to enhance postoperative recovery

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Cynthia W.

  11. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...

  12. Animal-Assisted Therapy and Rogers’ Core Components Among Middle School Students Receiving Counseling Services: A Descriptive Study

    Contributor(s):: Jenkins, Christie Danielle, Laux, John M., Ritchie, Martin H., Tucker-Gail, Kasey

  13. Blood collection procedure of laboratory primates: a neglected variable in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.

    A survey of 75 biomedical articles dealing with stress-dependent blood parameters ni caged primates revealed that the conditions under which blood collection occurred were in most cases described either not at all or so haphazardly that it would be impossible to determine if humane handling...

  14. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  15. The value of data

    Contributor(s):: Patronek, G., Zawistowski, S.

    Focuses on pet population dynamics and subsequent policy development and implementation related to acquisition, retention and relinquishment of companion animals. Purpose of research on companion animals; Significance of the lack of data associated with animals entering animal shelters;...

  16. Pet ownership in a suburban-rural area of California, 1970

    Contributor(s):: Franti, C. E., Kraus, J. F., Borhani, N. O.

  17. Influence of teeth resection on the skin temperature and acute phase response in newborn piglets

    Contributor(s):: Llamas Moya, S., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.

  18. Measuring foot-pad lesions in commercial broiler houses. Some aspects of methodology

    Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Harn, J. van, Gunnink, H., Lourens, A., Riel, J. W. van

  19. Plasma cortisol and noradrenalin concentrations in pigs: automated sampling of freely moving pigs housed in the PigTurnReg. versus manually sampled and restrained pigs

    Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Matthews, D. L., Poletto, R., McCain, R. R., Mann, D. D., DeGraw, R. T., Hampsch, J. M., Peters, S., Knipp, G. T., Kissinger, C. B.

  20. The Value of Data

    | Contributor(s):: Patronek, G., Zawistowski, S.