The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation
Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.
Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Long-term macroevaluation of environmental enrichment in three brown bears ( Ursus arctos) at Barcelona Zoo
Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Vinyoles, D., Mate, C.
The evaluation of enrichment programs is important to determine their effect on nonhuman animal welfare. The daily activity pattern and use of space of 3 brown bears ( Ursus arctos) were used for long-term macroevaluation of enrichment to compare the baseline and enrichment phases. Focal sampling...
On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations
Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.
The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...
Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis
Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...
Comparative Effects of Horse Exercise Versus Traditional Exercise Programs on Gait, Muscle Strength, and Body Balance in Healthy Older Adults
Contributor(s):: Aranda-García, Silvia, Iricibar, Albert, Planas, Antoni, Prat-Subirana, Joan A., Angulo-Barroso, Rosa M.
"Walking the dog" to enhance postoperative recovery
Contributor(s):: Ward, Cynthia W.
An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology
Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...
Animal-Assisted Therapy and Rogers’ Core Components Among Middle School Students Receiving Counseling Services: A Descriptive Study
Contributor(s):: Jenkins, Christie Danielle, Laux, John M., Ritchie, Martin H., Tucker-Gail, Kasey
Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?
Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Beausoleil, N. J., Johnson, C. B., Webster, J. R., Schutz, K. E., Cox, N., Stafford, K. J.
To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical 'farmer friendly' methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...
Blood collection procedure of laboratory primates: a neglected variable in biomedical research
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.
A survey of 75 biomedical articles dealing with stress-dependent blood parameters ni caged primates revealed that the conditions under which blood collection occurred were in most cases described either not at all or so haphazardly that it would be impossible to determine if humane handling...
Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens
Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.
The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...
The value of data
Contributor(s):: Patronek, G., Zawistowski, S.
Focuses on pet population dynamics and subsequent policy development and implementation related to acquisition, retention and relinquishment of companion animals. Purpose of research on companion animals; Significance of the lack of data associated with animals entering animal shelters;...
Pet ownership in a suburban-rural area of California, 1970
Contributor(s):: Franti, C. E., Kraus, J. F., Borhani, N. O.
Influence of teeth resection on the skin temperature and acute phase response in newborn piglets
Contributor(s):: Llamas Moya, S., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.
Measuring foot-pad lesions in commercial broiler houses. Some aspects of methodology
Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Harn, J. van, Gunnink, H., Lourens, A., Riel, J. W. van
Plasma cortisol and noradrenalin concentrations in pigs: automated sampling of freely moving pigs housed in the PigTurnReg. versus manually sampled and restrained pigs
Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Matthews, D. L., Poletto, R., McCain, R. R., Mann, D. D., DeGraw, R. T., Hampsch, J. M., Peters, S., Knipp, G. T., Kissinger, C. B.
The Value of Data
| Contributor(s):: Patronek, G., Zawistowski, S.
Dog bites: how big a problem?
| Contributor(s):: Sacks, J. J., Kresnow, M., Houston, B.