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  1. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  2. Behavior of Scandinavian brown bears when encountered by dogs and humans

    Contributor(s):: Stine Emilie Noding Hansen

    The Scandinavian brown bear population was persecuted in the last half of the 1800s and almost went extinct. They got protected in Sweden in 1927 and in Norway in 1973, and have since reached a level that can be hunted. The bears choose areas with as little human activity as possible, but...

  3. Determinants of individual attitudes toward animal welfare-friendly food products

    Contributor(s):: Cembalo, L., Caracciolo, F., Lombardi, A., Giudice, T. del, Grunert, K. G., Cicia, G.

    Animal welfare involves societal and human values, ethical concerns and moral considerations since it incorporates the belief of what is right or what is wrong in animal treatment and care. This paper aims to ascertain whether the different dimensions of individual attitudes toward animal welfare...

  4. The Swedish Swan Lady: reaction to an apparent animal hoarding case

    Contributor(s):: Svanberg, I., Arluke, A.

    This study describes media and judicial reaction to the first publicly acknowledged case of animal hoarding in Sweden-a 60-year-old Swedish woman who purportedly "rescued" 150 swans over several years by bringing many back to her one-room apartment. Reports in the press and social media reflected...

  5. Personalized nutrition and social justice: ethical considerations within four future scenarios applying the perspective of Nussbaum's capabilities approach

    Contributor(s):: Nordstrom, K., Goossens, J.

    The idea of personalized nutrition (PN) is to give tailored dietary advice based on personal health-related data, i.e. phenotype, genotype, or lifestyle. PN may be seen as part of a general trend towards personalised health care and currently various types of business models are already offering...

  6. Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.

    The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...

  7. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  8. Using self-selection to evaluate the acceptance of a new diet formulation by farmed fish

    Contributor(s):: Carlberg, H., Cheng, Ken, Lundh, T., Brannas, E.

    The evaluation of new diet composition is commonly achieved by performing time-consuming growth trials, which may negatively impact the welfare of a large number of fish if the feed is not accepted. Instead, the fish's behavioural responses to a new diet composition can be used as a first step in...

  9. Turning point of transformation: consumer communities, identity projects and becoming a serious dog hobbyist

    Contributor(s):: Syrjala, H.

    The present paper aims to delineate the turning point of the transformation that takes place when a casual enthusiast becomes a serious hobbyist within the subculture of dog agility devotees. Thereby, this paper participates in prior discussions in consumer research that have deliberated on...

  10. Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland

    Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.

    There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...

  11. Citizen attitudes to farm animals in Finland: a population-based study

    Contributor(s):: Kupsala, S., Vinnari, M., Jokinen, P., Rasanen, P.

    Citizen attitudes and opinions form an important driving force for improvements in the ethical status of farm animals in society. Hence, it is important to understand how attitudes to farm animals vary in society and what factors, mechanisms and social processes influence the development of these...

  12. Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system

    Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.

    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...

  13. Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.

    In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...

  14. "Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships

    Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.

  15. From predator to pet: social relationships of the Saami reindeer-herding dog

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, Myrdene

  16. The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.

    In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...

  17. Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.

    Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...

  18. "I throw them out of here": the horse trade as phronetic action

    Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.

    Practices involving horses have become increasingly popular in the spheres of sport and leisure throughout the Western world, and the trade in selling horses has expanded. The horse is characteristically understood as a commodity to be bought and sold several times during its lifetime. What is...

  19. Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards

    Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.

    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...

  20. Killing of spent laying hens using CO 2 in poultry barns

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Yngvesson, J., Nimmermark, S., Sandstrom, V., Algers, B.

    In Sweden, laying hens are killed using the following methods: (i) traditional slaughter; (ii) on-farm with CO 2 in a mobile container combined with a grinder; or (iii) with CO 2 inside the barn. The number of hens killed using the latter method has increased. During these killings a veterinarian...