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  1. Identifying personality traits and their potential application to the management of captive forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii)

    Contributor(s):: Yang, Shuang, Zhang, Tianxiang, Li, Yimeng, Xu, Shanghua, Zhang, Meishan, Hu, Xin, Liu, Shuqiang, Hu, Defu, Wronski, Torsten

  2. Chute scoring as a potential method for assessing individual differences in arousal among ewes

    Contributor(s):: Schiller, Kaleiah, McVey, Catherine, Doyle, Shayna, Horback, Kristina

    Chute scoring has been used among beef and dairy operations as a method to gauge the relative phenotypic characteristics of animals based on response to physical restraint. While elements of the cattle chute score, such as tail flicking, exit speed, and side kicking, have been validated as...

  3. A Propensity-Score-Weighted Population-Based Study of the Health Benefits of Dogs and Cats for Children

    Contributor(s):: Miles, Jeremy N. V., Parast, Layla, Babey, Susan H., Griffin, Beth Ann, Saunders, Jessica M.

    There is a widely held belief that children’s general and psychological health benefits from owning and/or interacting with pets. In our study, we aimed to determine whether children who live with a dog or cat in their home have better mental and physical health outcomes compared with children...

  4. Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...

  5. The effect of lameness on lying behaviour of zero grazed Holstein dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Amory, Jonathan, Bleach, Emma, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of chronic lameness, where animals remained the same locomotion score for 3 consecutive months on lying behaviour of dairy cattle. The 59 lactating Holstein dairy cows recruited to the study, were grouped according to locomotion score (LS) where low scores...

  6. Avoidance-related behavioural variables and their relationship to milk yield in pasture-based dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Dodzi, Madodana S., Muchenje, Voster

    The behavioural responses of Jersey, Friesland and crossbred cows to humans were determined by recording their avoidance distance scores (AD), exit speed (ES), pen score (PS), pen behaviour score (PBS), platform score (PLS), and the occurrence of kicking (KCK) and stepping (SPG) during milking in...

  7. Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...

  8. Using Reentry Simulations to Promote Changes in Attitude toward Offenders: Experiential Learning to Promote Successful Reentry

    Contributor(s):: Moak, Stacy C., Walker, Jeffery T., Earwood, Martha, Towery, Gabby

  9. Pet Ownership and Children's Emotional Expression: Propensity Score-Matched Analysis of Longitudinal Data from Japan

    Contributor(s):: Sato, R., Fujiwara, T., Kino, S., Nawa, N., Kawachi, I.

  10. Approval versus disapproval of dogfighting and cockfighting among college students

    Contributor(s):: Molina, Melody, Arikawa, Hiroko, Templer, Donald I.

  11. Children's Problems Predict Adults' "DSM-IV" Disorders across 24 Years

    Contributor(s):: Reef, Joni, van Meurs, Inge, Verhulst, Frank C., van der Ende, Jan

  12. A method for the economic valuation of animal welfare benefits using a single welfare score

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, R., Kehlbacher, A., Balcombe, K.

  13. Genetic analysis of reactivity to humans in Goettingen minipigs

    Contributor(s):: Kohn, F., Sharifi, A. R., Simianer, H.

    Goettingen minipigs are laboratory animals with an increasing demand over the last few years. At the moment, Goettingen minipigs are not selected for a low reactivity to humans and this trait is not included in the breeding programme. However, it is obvious that there is a need for genetically...

  14. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  15. Reliability of a subjective lameness scoring system for dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Brenninkmeyer, C., Dippel, S., March, S., Brinkmann, J., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Four observers were trained in lameness assessment using a subjective scoring system with five categories, and observer agreement was investigated four times at different stages of training and experience. Inter-observer reliability increased with time and reached acceptable levels in the last...

  16. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  17. Effect of training on the inter-observer reliability of lameness scoring in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: March, S., Brinkmann, J., Winkler, C.

    In the present study, the effect of training on inter-observer reliability was studied for a 5-category lameness scoring system used for routine on-farm surveys of welfare in dairy cattle. The inter-observer agreement between an experienced and an initially inexperienced observer was determined...

  18. A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals

    Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.

    The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...

  19. A hypothetical strategy for the objective evaluation of animal well-being and quality of life using a dog model

    Contributor(s):: Morton, D. B.

    In this paper I describe a hypothetical strategy for assessing poor and good welfare with the aim of making a judgement about an animal's quality of life. The concepts discussed here may also contribute to the notion of what makes 'a life worth living'. The strategy involves attributing scores to...

  20. Genetic parameters for birth difficulty, lamb vigour and lamb sucking ability in Suffolk sheep

    Contributor(s):: Macfarlane, J. M., Matheson, S. M., Dwyer, C. M.

    This study investigates the genetic basis of lamb vigour (defined as neonatal lamb activity and sucking ability) and lambing difficulty as potential traits to be included in selection programmes to improve ewe and lamb welfare. Scores for lamb birth difficulty, vigour and sucking ability were...