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Initial evaluation of facial expressions and behaviours of harbour seal pups (Phoca vitulina) in response to tagging and microchipping
Contributor(s):: MacRae, Amelia Mari, Joanna Makowska, I., Fraser, David
There are no proven species-specific indicators of pain in harbour seals (Phoca vitulina). The analysis of facial expressions has proven to be a repeatable, accurate and valid method of identifying pain in multiple species, but facial expressions have not been examined in any species of pinniped....
Pinnipeds and PTSD: An Analysis of a Human-Animal Interaction Case Study Program for a Veteran
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Rachel A. Wortman, Theresa Vallone, Michele Karnes, Christine Walawander, Dion Daly, Bonnie Fox-Garrity
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a pinniped (grey and harbor seals) facilitated human-animal interaction pilot program on the self-reported PTSD-like symptoms of a veteran. This study analyzed preexisting, deidentified data that represented the participant’s scores...
Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime
| Contributor(s):: Wierucka, K., Siemianowska, S., Wozniak, M., Jasnosz, K., Kieliszczyk, M., Kozak, P., Sergiel, A.
Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...
Harbor seal behavioral response to boaters at Bair Island refuge
| Contributor(s):: Kathlyn Snyder Fox
Harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina Richardsi) that haul out on the banks of Corkscrew Slough within Bair Island Refuge, San Mateo County, California encounter a variety of boats along the waterway. This study documented numbers of seals and boats using Corkscrew Slough and examined...
People and seals at Siberia's Lake Baikal
| Contributor(s):: Nomokonova, Tatiana
The Minoan lion: presence and absence on bronze age Crete
| Contributor(s):: Shapland, Andrew
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
| Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
The effect of land based seal watching tourism on the haul-out behaviour of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) in Iceland
| Contributor(s):: Granquist, S. M., Sigurjonsdottir, H.
The effect of land-based seal watching on the haul-out pattern of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) was investigated between June and August of 2008-2010 on Vatnsnes, NW Iceland. The results showed that the behaviour and spatial haul-out pattern of seals was affected by the tourists. In 2009 the...
The impact of animal welfare advertising on opposition to the Canadian seal hunt and willingness to boycott the Canadian seafood industry
| Contributor(s):: Braunsberger, K.
The purpose of this research was to measure and compare the initial and carryover effects of a video advertisement developed by an animal welfare organization, namely Harpseals. org. The ad was designed to educate the public about an egregious act against wildlife (i.e., the Canadian seal hunt),...
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
| Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.
Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain
| Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.
Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...
Behavioural responses of South American fur seals to approach by tourists - a brief report
| Contributor(s):: Cassini, M. H.
I studied the responses (retreats, threats, attacks or leaving the rookery) of South American fur seals Arctocephalus australis to tourist approaches at a non-reproductive, continental colony of located in Cabo Polonio, Uruguay (34 degrees 24'S, 53 degrees 46'W). Fur seals tolerated relatively...
AVMA hosts a whale of a welfare forum
| Contributor(s):: Monti, D. J., Wollrab, T. I.
Behavioural responses of juvenile Steller sea lions to hot-iron branding
| Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.
Here we present the first data showing the post-branding behavioural responses in a marine mammal. Eleven captive juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were observed for 3 days before and 3 days after hot-iron branding. Four of six monitored behaviours changed significantly after...
A preliminary investigation of the effect of repeated pedestrian approaches to Weddell seals ( Leptonychotes weddellii )
| Contributor(s):: Petel, T. van P., Giese, M., Hindell, M.
Repeated exposure to human activity can change the behavioural response of wildlife, having implications for management. Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) breeding close to Antarctic research stations are easily accessible and regularly visited by people. To investigate the responses of...
Embodying anthropomorphism: contextualizing commonality in the material landscape
| Contributor(s):: Lulka, D.
The status of anthropomorphism has changed in recent decades, allowing for in-depth consideration of its meaning and salience. Advocates of anthropomorphism have put forth a series of scientific and theoretical arguments to establish the concept's legitimacy. Nonetheless, while many advocates of...
'Animal Ethics Dilemma': an interactive learning tool for university and professional training
| Contributor(s):: Hanlon, A. J., Algers, A., Dich, T., Hansen, T., Loor, H., Sandoe, P.
'Animal Ethics Dilemma' is a freely available computer-supported learning tool (www.animalethicsdilemma.net or www.aedilemma.net) which has been developed primarily for veterinary undergraduates but is applicable also to students in other fields of animal science. The objectives of the computer...
Environmental enrichment reduces the performance of stereotypic circling behaviour in captive common seals ( Phoca vitulina )
| Contributor(s):: Grindrod, J. A. E., Cleaver, J. A.
A simple, cheap and effective method of adding complexity to a captive environment is the use of environmental enrichment techniques. A number of enrichment devices were used in this study, focusing primarily on occupying more time in feeding/foraging behaviours of common seals. The performance...
Serum cortisol in California sea lion pups ( Zalophus californianus californianus )
| Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Aurioles-Gamboa, D., Valdez, R. A., Brousset, D. M., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.
Marine ecosystems are exposed to a wide variety of factors that may produce disturbances in their structure and functioning. The Gulf of California supports fisheries, tourism, intensive agriculture, mining, and more recently, shrimp aquaculture. Under such conditions, animals are forced to cope...