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  1. Animal work before capitalism: Sheep's reproductive labor in the ancient South Caucasus

    Contributor(s):: Chazin, Hannah

  2. Daytime Evaluation of Oxidative Stress and Behavioural Parameters of Donkeys (Equus asinus) During The Hot-Dry and Cold-Dry (Harmattan) Season in a Tropical Savannah

    Contributor(s):: Zakari, Friday Ocheja, Ayo, Joseph Olusegun, Rekwot, Peter Ibrahim, Samuel, Felix Uchenna

  3. Out-of-season breeding and ewe-lamb bond from birth to weaning in Corriedale sheep

    Contributor(s):: Menant, Ophélie, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo, Lévy, Frédéric, Pérez-Clariget, Raquel, Freitas-de-Melo, Aline

    Out-of-season lambing is based in productive aims; however also modifies the basic physiology of the ewe. It might affect ewes and lambs’ behaviours at birth, their bond, the process of lambs’ independence from their mothers and their response to weaning. This study aimed to compare...

  4. Welfare of broiler chickens reared under two different types of housing

    Contributor(s):: Sans, E. C. O., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Taconeli, C. A., Rueda, P. M., Ciocca, J. R., Molento, C. F. M.

  5. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

    Introduction: Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. are commonly reported bacterial foodborne pathogens causing morbidity and mortality worldwide. In rural areas, where there is a high occurrence rate of human–animal interactions and poor hygiene practices, shedding animals...

  6. Characteristics of Cats Admitted to Czech Shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Voslarova, Eva, Kubesova, Katerina, Vecerek, Vladimir

    The aim of this study was to describe the numbers and characteristics of cats entering Czech shelters. Records of sheltered cats were collected from three cat shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2011 to 2015. A total of 2170 cat admissions were analyzed in this...

  7. The sexual behavior of male goats exposed to long days is as intense as during their breeding season

    | Contributor(s):: Bedos, Marie, Muñoz, Alfonso Longinos, Orihuela, Agustín, Delgadillo, José Alberto

    This study was conducted to determine if the sexual behavior displayed by photo-stimulated bucks is equivalent to that displayed during their natural breeding season. We also studied the individual variability of the sexual behavior of those males between seasons and between tests. Sixteen male...

  8. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  9. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole×Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, Joachine, Kabi, Fred, Mpairwe, Denis

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  10. Assessment of circadian rhythm of activity combined with random regression model as a novel approach to monitoring sheep in an extensive system

    | Contributor(s):: Nunes Marsiglio Sarout, Bruna, Waterhouse, Anthony, Duthie, Carol-Anne, Candal Poli, Cesar Henrique Espirito, Haskell, Marie J., Berger, Anne, Umstatter, Christina

    Sensor-based technologies are becoming increasingly available and can be used to automatically gather long-term data about animal behaviour. With this information, it is possible to assess the circadian rhythm of activity and monitor its response to internal and external factors. Identifying...

  11. How do free-ranging domestic herbivores reduce competition within owner-determined herds?

    | Contributor(s):: Kraai, Manqhai, Shrader, Adrian M.

    Group size and competition are key drivers of foraging behaviour in social animals. With seasonal changes in food quality and availability, comes changes in the type (scramble or interference) and degree of competition (aggression or none). One way that animals can deal with these variations is...

  12. Brown bear and human recreational use of trails in Anchorage, Alaska

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coltrane, Jessica A., Sinnott, Rick

    Anchorage, Alaska, has 301,000 human residents and hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. Anchorage also supports a viable population of brown bears (Ursus arctos). As a result, human–bear encounters are common. We used camera traps to monitor recreational trails near salmon...

  13. Examining patterns of animal-vehicle collisions in Alabama, USA

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, Xiongwen, Wu, Shuhong

  14. Vitals rates and seasonal movements of two isolated greater sage-grouse populations in Utah's West Desert

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Jason D., Messmer, Terry A.

  15. Feed depredation by European starlings in a Kansas feedlot

    | Contributor(s):: Depenbusch, B. E., Drouillard, J. S., Lee, C. D.

  16. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  17. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  18. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    | Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  19. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  20. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis (Okapia johnstoni)

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...