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  1. Selection on ultrasonic call rate in neonatal rats affects low frequency, but not ultrasonic, vocalizations in adults

    Contributor(s):: Lesch, Raffaela, Orozco, Andrea, Shilling, Margaret, Zimmerberg, Betty, Fitch, W. Tecumseh

  2. Behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of Vietnamese and Pitman–Moore weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, David, Tallet, Céline, Guérin, Carole, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine

    Miniature pigs are increasingly used as alternative models in biomedical research, but little is known about their behavioural reactivity. However this should be taken into account when selecting breeds. In the present study, behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of 63 weaned...

  3. Selection for wheat digestibility affects emotionality and feeding behaviours in broiler chicks

    Contributor(s):: Pelhaitre, Alice, Mignon-Grasteau, Sandrine, Bertin, Aline

    In poultry farming, selection for high production, as for growth rate or feed efficiency, may be associated with risks for animal welfare. In this study, we tested whether divergent selection for a new trait linked to feed efficiency, i.e. digestibility, had correlated side effects on the...

  4. Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

    Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Péan, Samuel, Lucas, Gaël, Blanc, Nancy, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Behavioural studies comparing hatchery and wild-caught fish are useful to improve selection for aquaculture and restocking programmes. We examined swimming behaviour characteristics in wild captured and domesticated sea bass juveniles before and after eliciting a startle response at 8 different...

  5. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  6. Corrigendum: Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

  7. Feed resource selection of Criollo goats is the result of an interaction between plant resources, condensed tannins and Haemonchus contortus infection

    Contributor(s):: Torres-Fajardo, Rafael Arturo, González-Pech, Pedro Geraldo, Ventura-Cordero, Javier, Ortíz-Ocampo, Guadalupe Isabel, Sandoval-Castro, Carlos Alfredo, Torres-Acosta, Juan Felipe Jesús

    The tropical deciduous forest (TDF) is an ecosystem with a heterogeneous array of plant species containing different condensed tannin (CT) content. Recent studies explored the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) or Haemonchus contortus infection on the intake and feed resource selection of goats....

  8. Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

    201963512297-1769 (Print)2297-176910.3389/fvets.2019.00351engDepartment of Clinical Sciences and Advanced Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.Penn Vet Working Dog Center, Philadelphia, PA, United States.Working Dog Alliance, Melbourne, VIC,...

  9. Preventing skeletal and neurological problems in guide dogs for the blind and other working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M., Lewis, T. W.

  10. How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs

    Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal

    A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...

  11. Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection

    Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett

    Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...

  12. Validation of a selection protocol of dogs involved in animal-assisted intervention

    Contributor(s):: Mongillo, Paolo, Pitteri, Elisa, Adamelli, Serena, Bonichini, Sabrina, Farina, Luca, Marinelli, Lieta

  13. Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach

    Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.

    Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...

  14. Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.

    Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...

  15. Matching dogs to owners--10 years of 'Selectadog'

    Contributor(s):: Edney, A. T. B.

  16. Philosophical Ethology: On the Extents of What It Is to Be a Pig

    Contributor(s):: Harfeld, J.

  17. How to consider the value of farm animals in breeding goals. A review of current status and future challenges. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, H. M., Olesen, I., Navrud, S., Kolstad, K., Amer, P.

    The objective of this paper is to outline challenges associated with the inclusion of welfare issues in breeding goals for farm animals and to review the currently available methodologies and discuss their potential advantages and limitations to address these challenges. The methodology for...

  18. The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...

  19. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...

  20. Behavioural differences in non-reproductive adult females in a long-term selection experiment for litter size in mice

    Contributor(s):: Rauw, W. M., Luiting, P., Bakken, M., Schuurman, T., Veer, C. J. M. de, Vangen, O.

    To investigate whether coping strategies have been affected as a correlated effect of selection for high litter size, 48 non-reproductive mature C- and S-line females were twice subjected to an open field, seven times to a maze, once to a social confrontation and twice to a runway test. The...