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  1. Genetic and environmental effects on piglet survival and maternal behaviour of the farrowing sow

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, Emma M., Jarvis, Susan, Sherwood, Lorna, Farish, Marianne, Roehe, Rainer, Lawrence, Alistair B., Edwards, Sandra A.

    There is growing external pressure to abolish the farrowing crate, however alternative farrowing systems need to equal or surpass the performance (i.e. piglet survival) of more restrictive systems. In order to achieve consistent improvement in piglet survival genetic selection strategies...

  2. Canine Olfactory Thresholds to Amyl Acetate in a Biomedical Detection Scenario

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid R. Concha, Claire M. Guest, Rob Harris, Thomas W. Pike, Alexandre Feugier, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Dogs’ abilities to respond to concentrations of odorant molecules are generally deemed superior to electronic sensors. This sensitivity has been used traditionally in many areas; but is a more recent innovation within the medical field. As a bio-detection sensor for human diseases such as...

  3. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    | Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  4. Specificity and variability of trunk kinematics on a mechanical horse

    | Contributor(s):: Goodworth, A. D., Barrett, C., Rylander, J., Garner, B.

  5. Effect of odorant pre-exposure on domestic dogs' sensitivity on an odorant detection task

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, Nathaniel J., Smith, David W., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    Although dogs are widely trained and deployed for odor detection work, relatively little research has investigated procedures that may more efficiently train or increase detection performance. Prior research in rodents and humans suggests that odorant exposure may enhance sensitivity to that...

  6. No better than flipping a coin: Reconsidering canine behavior evaluations in animal shelters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Janis Bradley

    Use of behavior evaluations for shelter dogs has progressed despite their lack of scientific validation as reliable diagnostic tools. Yet results of these evaluations are often used to make life-and-death decisions. Despite acknowledging the significant limitations of evaluations, most authors...

  7. The human-animal relationship: a new field of socio-educational action

    | Contributor(s):: Senent-Sánchez, Joan-Maria

    This article analyses the educational approaches towards the animal-human relationship which have been developed during the last 20 years. The article establishes a chain of states in that relationship and presents the reasons why those states are consecutive or, occasionally, simultaneous. Next,...

  8. Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, Léa, Philippon, Pascaline, Hervé, Lucile, Vidament, Marianne

    This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...

  9. Relationships between pet ownership and self-esteem, social sensitivity, and interpersonal trust

    | Contributor(s):: Hyde, Karen R, Kurdek, Lawrence, Larson, Paul

  10. 4-H PetPALS Juvenile Diversion Program Supports At-Risk Youth and Seniors

    | Contributor(s):: Goble, Connie L., Miller, Lucinda B.

    The 4-H PetPALS Juvenile Diversion Program provides a partnership opportunity with Extension and the juvenile court system to positively impact lives of at-risk youth. At-risk youth are taught by 4-H PetPALS adult volunteer leaders and 4-H PetPALS members to value and respect the human-animal...

  11. Can dogs smell lung cancer? First study using exhaled breath and urine screening in unselected patients with suspected lung cancer

    | Contributor(s):: Amundsen, T., Sundstrom, S., Buvik, T., Gederaas, O. A., Haaverstad, R.

  12. Cancer odor in the blood of ovarian cancer patients: a retrospective study of detection by dogs during treatment, 3 and 6 months afterward

    | Contributor(s):: Horvath, G., Andersson, H., Nemes, S.

  13. Colorectal cancer screening with odour material by canine scent detection

    | Contributor(s):: Sonoda, H., Kohnoe, S., Yamazato, T., Satoh, Y., Morizono, G., Shikata, K., Morita, M., Watanabe, A., Kakeji, Y., Inoue, F., Maehara, Y.

  14. Key considerations for the experimental training and evaluation of cancer odour detection dogs: lessons learnt from a double-blind, controlled trial of prostate cancer detection

    | Contributor(s):: Elliker, K. R., Sommerville, B. A., Broom, D. M., Neal, D. E., Armstrong, S., Williams, H. C.

  15. Olfactory detection of human bladder cancer by dogs: proof of principle study

    | Contributor(s):: Willis, C. M., Church, S. M., Guest, C. M., Cook, W. A., McCarthy, N., Bransbury, A. J., Church, M. R., Church, J. C.

  16. Olfactory detection of prostate cancer by dogs sniffing urine: a step forward in early diagnosis

    | Contributor(s):: Cornu, J. N., Cancel-Tassin, G., Ondet, V., Girardet, C., Cussenot, O.

  17. Environmental contamination by dog’s faeces: a public health problem?

    | Contributor(s):: Cinquepalmi, Vittoria, Monno, Rosa, Fumarola, Luciana, Ventrella, Gianpiero, Calia, Carla, Greco, Maria Fiorella, De Vito, Danila, Soleo, Leonardo

  18. Canine scent detection in the diagnosis of lung cancer: revisiting a puzzling phenomenon

    | Contributor(s):: Ehmann, R., Boedeker, E., Friedrich, U., Sagert, J., Dippon, J., Friedel, G., Walles, T.

  19. Diagnostic accuracy of canine scent detection in early- and late-stage lung and breast cancers

    | Contributor(s):: McCulloch, M., Jezierski, T., Broffman, M., Hubbard, A., Turner, K., Janecki, T.

  20. Human ovarian carcinomas detected by specific odor

    | Contributor(s):: Horvath, G., Jarverud, G. A., Jarverud, S., Horvath, I.