Repeatable individual differences in behaviour and physiology in juvenile horses from an early age
Contributor(s):: Manrique, Lucía Pérez, Bánszegi, Oxána, Hudson, Robyn, Szenczi, Péter
2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052270168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105227text
Context-related variation in the peripartum vocalisations and phonatory behaviours of Holstein-Friesian dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Green, Alexandra C., Clark, Cameron E. F., Lomax, Sabrina, Favaro, Livio, Reby, David
Context-related information can be reflected within mammalian vocalisations and could in turn be studied to benefit production animals. Whilst previous research has revealed the contextual, and even emotional content of goat, pig and horse vocalisations, cattle vocalisations remain relatively...
The sex of the offspring affects the lamb and ewe responses to abrupt weaning
Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R.
Female lambs have a stronger attachment with their mothers and show a greater susceptibility to stressors than male lambs. Male lambs grow faster than female lambs do, achieving a greater nutritional independence from their mothers. Our hypothesis was that female lambs and their mothers are more...
My Reflections on Understanding Animal Emotions for Improving the Life of Animals in Zoos
Contributor(s):: Grandin, Temple
Scientists are often reluctant to attribute emotions to nonhuman animals that are similar to human emotions. When the author published her early studies, reviewers prohibited the word fear. Fearful behavior had to be described as agitated. The core emotional systems described by Panksepp may...
The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs
Contributor(s):: Walker, Jessica K., Waran, Natalie K., Phillips, Clive J. C.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...
Effects of behaviour on the development of claw lesions in early lactation dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Dippel, Sabine, Tucker, Cassandra B., Winckler, Christoph, Weary, Daniel M.
Claw lesions such as haemorrhages (HAEM) or white line separation (WLS) are caused by a variety of factors. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between behaviour and the development of claw lesions. Holstein cows (n=33) were housed in four pens with sand-bedded cubicles and solid...
The behavior of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) during separation from and reunion with the owner: A questionnaire and an experimental study
Contributor(s):: Konok, Veronika, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám
We have constructed a questionnaire to investigate the separation behavior in a sample of family dogs (Canis familiaris) (N=45) and in parallel we have observed dogs’ separation-related behavior in a simple behavioral test (Separation and greeting test, S&G). We recorded the dogs’ behavior during...
Can access to an automated grooming brush and/or a mirror reduce stress of dairy cows kept in social isolation?
Contributor(s):: Mandel, Roi, Wenker, Margret L., van Reenen, Kees, Keil, Nina M., Hillmann, Edna
In dairy farming, social isolation of cattle is commonly practiced for husbandry procedures such as artificial insemination, claw trimming and at times, for provision of medical treatment. When isolated, cows express physiological and behavioural signs of stress, such as elevated heart rate,...
Separation-related behaviour indicates the effect of functional breed selection in dogs (Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Pongrácz, Péter, Gómez, Sara Alvarez, Lenkei, Rita
The domestication of dogs resulted in several fundamental behavioural changes as compared to their closest wild living relative, the wolf. While these characteristics are considered to be fairly robust across dogs, dog breeds themselves manifest apparently strong behavioural differences. Thus far...
Behavioral and cortisol responses of adult marmoset monkeys (Callithrix penicillata) to different home-cage social disruption intervals
Contributor(s):: Duarte, Renata B., Maior, Rafael S., Barros, Marilia
Social separation is an increasingly used strategy to experimentally assess psychogenic stress in nonhuman primates, yet it is also inherently required for captive management. Surprisingly, little is known on the effects of an individual left alone in a highly familiar place, compared to...
The effects of green odour on domestic dogs: A pilot study
Contributor(s):: Carlone, Beatrice, Gazzano, Angelo, Gutiérrez, Jara, Sighieri, Claudio, Mariti, Chiara
Green odour (a mixture of cis-3-hexenol and trans-2-hexenal), similar to cut grass, has been demonstrated to appease subjects of various species (rats, cattle, humans etc.) subjected to different stressful stimuli. The aim of this study was to investigate whether green odour has a calming effect...
Fear vs. frustration - Possible factors behind canine separation related behaviour
Contributor(s):: Lenkei, R., Alvarez Gomez, S., Pongracz, P.
Separation, Confinement, or Noises: What Is Scaring That Dog?
Contributor(s):: Ballantyne, K. C.
Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices
Contributor(s):: Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel
The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...
A Parental Perspective: The Role of Companion Animals for Children During Separation and Divorce
Contributor(s):: Jessica Michel
Children grow up in interdependent family systems, where transitions affect all members. A prevalent transition in Australian families is divorce. When divorce occurs children are exposed to significant risk factors that have the potential of affecting many developmental outcomes. However,...
Síndrome de ansiedade de separação em cães
Contributor(s):: Giulia Bampi
Atualmente é crescente o número de animais de companhia acometidos pela síndorme de ansiedade de separação (SAS), condição relacionada a distúrbios no vínculo humano-animal que levam a uma hipervinculação...
“Not just a dog”: An attachment perspective on relationships with assistance dogs
Contributor(s):: Kwong, Marilyn, Bartholomew, Kim
We explored individuals' relationships with an assistance dog from an attachment-theory perspective. We used both inductive and deductive thematic methods to analyze semi-structured interviews with 25 participants who had lost an assistance dog to retirement or death. Analyses revealed attachment...
Public attitudes towards grief in animals
Contributor(s):: McGrath, N., Walker, J., Nilsson, D., Phillips, C.
Animals under human management are often separated from conspecifics, which may lead to behaviour indicative of separation distress or grief. For the purposes of this paper, grief is considered as a biological response to separation, indicated by a bi-phasic ‘protest-despair’...
The death of a pet: implications for loss and bereavement across the lifespan
Contributor(s):: Podrazik, Donna, Shackford, Shane, Becker, Louis, Heckert, Troy
Loss: Divorce, Separation, and Bereavement
Contributor(s):: Snyder, Jamie