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A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs
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| Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills
Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...
Supporting Real Assistance Animals: Veterinarians can help clients with assistance animals and discourage fraud
| Contributor(s):: Katie Burns
Supporting real assistance animals
| Contributor(s):: Aubrey Fine
Service, Comfort, or Emotional Support? The Evolution of Disability Law and Campus Housing
| Contributor(s):: Mark Bauman, Denise L. Davidson, Michael C. Sachs, Tegan Kotarski
University Counseling Centers' Perceptions and Experiences Pertaining to Emotional Support Animals
| Contributor(s):: Lori R. Kogan, Karen Schaefer, Phyllis Erdman, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher
Increasing numbers of students are requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of service animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities are faced with...
Service and Emotional Support Animals on Campus: The Relevance and Controversy
| Contributor(s):: Melinda Phillips
Investigation of the Behavioral Characteristics of Dogs Purpose-Bred and Prepared to Perform Vapor Wake® Detection of Person-Borne Explosives
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Lazarowski, Pamela Sue Haney, Jeanne Brock, Terry Fischer, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle, Jeffrey S. Katz, L. Paul Waggoner
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake®(VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to target...
A Proof of Concept: Are Detection Dogs a Useful Tool to Verify Potential Biomarkers for Lung Cancer?
| Contributor(s):: Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Irene Nehls, Roland Becker
Early and reliable diagnostic test is essential for effective therapy of lung cancer. Volatile organic compounds that are characteristic for cancer could serve as valuable biomarkers in cancer diagnosis. Both trace analytical and detection dog approaches give some evidence for the existence of...
Job-Related Stress in Forensic Interviewers of Children with Use of Therapy Dogs Compared with Facility Dogs or No Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Diane Walsh, Mariko Yamamoto, Neil H Willits, Lynnette A Hart
Sexually abused children providing essential testimony regarding crimes in forensic interviews now sometimes are provided facility dogs or therapy dogs for comfort. Facility dogs are extensively trained to work with forensic interviewers; when using therapy dogs in interviews, volunteers are...
They Say Emotional Support Dog, We Say Service Dog: Why the Americans with Disabilities Act Should Recognize Emotional Support Dogs as Service Animals
| Contributor(s):: Chelsea Hernandez-Silk
This article explores the laws surrounding emotional support animals. Specifically, the author analyzes the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act, and the Air Carrier Access Act. This article proposes that emotional support animals should be recognized under federal legislation...
Animal-assisted intervention in the ICU: a tool for humanization
| Contributor(s):: Megan M. Hosey, Janice Jaskluski, Stephen T. Wegener, Linda L. Chlan, Dale M. Needham
The combination of an aging population and advances in critical care medicine is resulting in a growing number of survivors of critical illness . Survivors’ descriptions of their stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) are frequently filled with traumatic events, and include experiences...
ANIMAL-ASSISTED ACTIVITIES: Effects of Animals on Positive Emotional Display in Children in Inclusion Classrooms
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Gayatri Mazgaonkar
Animals are commonly present in classrooms and may be an important tool in enhancing children’s experiences, especially in inclusion classrooms that provide integrative learning for both typically developing children and children with special needs. The purpose of this study was to...
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...
Assistance Dogs: Historic Patterns and Roles of Dogs Placed by ADI or IGDF Accredited Facilities and by Non-Accredited U.S. Facilities
| Contributor(s):: Sandra Walther, Mariko Yamamoto, Abigail Paige Thigpen, Anaissa Garcia, Neil H. Willits, Lynette A. Hart
Dogs’ roles to support people with disabilities are increasing. Existing U.S. laws and regulations pertaining to the use of dogs for people with disabilities are only minimally enforced. Pushback legislation against some aspects of uses of assistance dogs currently is being passed or...
Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
Comparing the Effect of Animal-Rearing Education in Japan with Conventional Animal-Assisted Education
| Contributor(s):: Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also...
Educational Possibilities of Keeping Goats in Elementary Schools in Japan
| Contributor(s):: Naoko Koda, Shiho Kutsumi, Toshiya Hirose, Gen Watanabe
Many Japanese elementary schools keep small animals for educational purposes, and the effects and challenges have been investigated. Although goats are medium-sized animals that are familiar to Japanese, few practical studies have been conducted on keeping goats in schools. This study...
Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection
| Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett
Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...
Public Perceptions of Service Dogs, Emotional Support Dogs, and Therapy Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Peter Hellyer, Louana Cheung, Lori Kogan
As service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs have become more prevalent in the USA, so too has the controversy surrounding their legitimacy. Yet, there is a lack of objective data regarding the public’s understanding of the role played by each of these types of animals, as...