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  1. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  2. Student perceptions of animal use in society

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...

  3. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  4. Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture

    | Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.

    In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...

  5. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  6. Prediction of adoption versus euthanasia among dogs and cats in a California animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Lepper, M., Kass, P. H., Hart, L. A.

    The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the determinants of adoption for cats and dogs from a large municipal animal shelter. The subjects were 4813 cats and 3301 dogs impounded by the Sacramento County Department of Animal Care and Regulation and offered for adoption...

  7. Obstacles and anticipated problems with acquiring assistance dogs, as expressed by Japanese people with physical disabilities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Mitsuaki Ohta, Koji Matsumoto, Nobuyo Ohtani

    In western countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, many people with disabilities benefit from the help their assistance dogs provide. In contrast, assistance dogs have not become widespread in Japan. This study explores the perspectives of Japanese people with disabilities,...

  8. Preferences for infant facial features in pet dogs and cats

    | Contributor(s):: Archer, J., Monton, S.

    A set of infant features (large forehead, large and low-lying eyes, and bulging cheeks), were described in classical ethology as social releasers, simple stimuli that evoke a stereotyped response, in this case nurturing. We assessed the attractiveness of such features in the faces of dogs or cats...

  9. Pet owning, and diabetes coping: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Zugravu, C. A., Tarcea, M., Patrascu, D.

  10. The relevance of age and gender for public attitudes to brown bears ( Ursus arctos), black bears ( Ursus americanus), and cougars ( Puma concolor) in Kamloops, British Columbia

    | Contributor(s):: Campbell, M. O.

  11. Analysis of exterior indices of Polish konik horses from preservation breeding centres and used in hippotherapy

    | Contributor(s):: Pasicka, E., Oedenberg, H. G. de

  12. Suitability for field service in 4 breeds of guide dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Ennik, I., Liinamo, A. E., Leighton, E., Arendonk, J. van

    This study examines the relative importance of a longer than normal 4-month training period, or being "passed back" from the original training class to join a class in which dogs are at an earlier stage of their training, on the overall probability that a dog entering guide dog training...

  13. Selection for more confident foxes in Finland and Norway: heritability and selection response for confident behaviour in blue foxes (Alopex lagopus)

    | Contributor(s):: Kenttamies, H., Nordrum, N. V., Brenoe, U. T., Smeds, K., Johannessen, K. R., Bakken, M.

    As a part of a Nordic project, 'Selection for more confident foxes', selection experiments with blue foxes lasting 4 years (1995-98) were arranged in Finland and Norway. In Finland, the study was carried out on a private farm with closed selection and production lines. In Norway, the...

  14. Effects of gender and group size on the time-activity budgets of adult breeding ostriches (Struthio camelus) in a farming environment

    | Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Deeming, D. C.

    Twenty-six adult ostriches in breeding condition, maintained outdoors, were studied to determine their diurnal time-activity budget in the UK during the months of July and August. Males and females from pairs (1 male, 1 female), trios (1 male, 2 females), a small group (group 1: 3 males 8...

  15. A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.

    In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...

  16. Shyness-boldness predicts performance in working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.

    This study investigates if there are relationships between personality and performance of dogs (Canis familiaris) in working dog trials. Data from 2655 dogs of the two breeds German Shepherd dog (GSD) and Belgian Tervuren (BT) in Sweden obtained between 1989 and 1997 were used. The breeds were...

  17. Differences in background and outcome of three behavior problems of dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Ogata, N., Houpt, K. A., Scarlett, J. M.

    In order to characterize the three major behaviour problems, aggression toward owners, aggression toward strangers and separation anxiety, backgrounds of dogs and general outcomes of the behavioural treatments were analyzed retrospectively. There were 169 cases of aggression toward owners, 84...

  18. Factors affecting feeding order and social tolerance to kittens in the group-living feral cat (Felis catus)

    | Contributor(s):: Yamane, A., Emoto, J., Ota, N.

    Three feeding sites on Ainoshima Island, located 7 km off the coast of Shingu (Fukuoka Prefecture) and 3 feeding groups of feral cats (Felis catus) were used in experiments conducted from 23 November to 29 December 1993 from 05.00 to 07.00 h and 16.00 to 18.00 h. Members of each feeding group...

  19. Food access by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) at winter feeding sites in eastern Quebec

    | Contributor(s):: Grenier, D., Barrette, C., Crete, M.

    In 1995, aggressive behaviour of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was studied at winter feeding stations in the Pohenegamook wintering area, Quebec (47 degrees 29'N 69 degrees 14'W), to determine if such behaviour was related to priority of access to food by various age-sex...

  20. Suckling and allosuckling in river buffalo calves and its relation with weight gain

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Andriolo, A., Oliveira, J. F. S. de, Schmidek, W. R.

    The aim of this study was to investigate if river buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis) have equal access to all cows and if milk is thus equally available to all of them. Suckling/allosuckling behaviour and weight gain (WG) of 29 calves (14 males and 15 females) was recorded with special...