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  1. A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.

    In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...

  2. A case series of biting dogs: characteristics of the dogs, their behaviour, and their victims

    | Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R., Bate, L. A.

    The characteristics of 227 biting dogs, their homes, and their victims were gathered in a detailed telephone survey of general veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island in 1996. All of the dogs had bitten either someone living in the...

  3. A note on effects of gender and time of day on the winter time-activity budget of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in a farming environment

    | Contributor(s):: Deeming, D. C.

    Male and female adult ostriches, maintained in 3 pairs and 6 trios on a commercial ostrich farm in Britain, were observed for five 10-min periods in the morning and afternoon during February 1997. Weather conditions included periods of rain, high winds, overcast days and bright sunny days, and...

  4. A survey of behavioural characteristics of purebred dogs in Italy

    | Contributor(s):: Notari, L., Goodwin, D.

    The selection of dog breeds for functionality has progressively lost its importance and behavioural attributes originally selected are often now considered problems in household contexts. This study investigated behavioural characteristics of the 49 most popular breeds of dogs in Italy....

  5. Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs (Canis familiaris) in relation to season, sex and age

    | Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.

    Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than...

  6. An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.

    Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...

  7. An investigation of human-animal interactions and empathy as related to pet preference, ownership, attachment, and attitudes in children

    | Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Morton, L. L.

    A group of elementary students (n=155) were surveyed with respect to four aspects of relationships with pets - preference, ownership, attachment, and attitude - in order to further explore the connection that appears to exist between human-animal interactions and empathy. The investigation was...

  8. Analysis of exterior indices of Polish konik horses from preservation breeding centres and used in hippotherapy

    | Contributor(s):: Pasicka, E., Oedenberg, H. G. de

  9. Animal-related activities and appreciation of animals among children and adolescents

    | Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Kaltenborn, B. P., Odegardstuen, T. S.

    Five hundred and sixty-two children and adolescents, aged between nine and 15 years, from one urban and three rural areas in Southern Norway, completed a questionnaire in which they expressed their degree of preference for various animal species, participation in animal-related activities, and...

  10. Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.

    Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...

  11. Attitudes and actions of West Indian dog owners towards neutering their animals: a gender issue?

    | Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Samuels, D., Mather, J.

    A study of the attitudes and actions of 281 dog owners towards neutering their animals is reported from New Providence, The Bahamas, based on a study conducted in 2001. Owner attitudes towards neutering are associated with different sterilization rates of dogs. While owners' gender is associated...

  12. Attitudes and activities related to urban wildlife: pet owners and non-owners

    | Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Ostdahl, T., Kleiven, J.

    A survey on attitudes toward common urban animal species was conducted in Trondheim, Norway. 1500 residents were selected and given questionnaires. Owners of pet animals liked most of the 24 species included more than did non-pet owners. No differences were found between the 2 groups only for the...

  13. Attitudes towards animal use and belief in animal mind

    | Contributor(s):: Knight, S., Vrij, A., Cherryman, J., Nunkoosing, K.

    Animals are used by humans in many ways, yet science has paid little attention to the study of human-animal relationships (Melson 2002). In the present study, participants (n=96) completed a questionnaire on attitudes towards animal use, and individual differences were examined to determine which...

  14. Attitudes towards dogs: a study of university students in Japan and the UK

    | Contributor(s):: Miura, A., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Tanida, H.

    The attitudes of 229 (142 females, 87 males) Japanese and 212 (131 females, 81 males) British students towards dogs were measured using a questionnaire comprising 46, seven-point Likert scale items, taking the cultures of both Japan and the UK into consideration. Their responses were separately...

  15. Behaviour and thermogenesis of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Gorssen, J., Koene, P.

    Behaviour and thermogenesis of homing pigeons (Columba livia) in crowded transport conditions were studied in 2 experiments. Both experiments were designed on a 2-way factorial basis and measurements and observations were taken from groups of 8 birds. In the first experiment, temperature (26...

  16. Behavioural effects of the presence of a dog in a classroom

    | Contributor(s):: Kotrschal, K., Ortbauer, B.

    To test the idea that dogs have a positive influence on the social behaviour of school children, one of three dogs was introduced alternately into a class at an elementary school in Vienna, attended by 24 children (mean age: 6.7 years). Most of the 14 boys and ten girls came from first-generation...

  17. Behavioural patterns in ewe-lamb pairs and vulnerability to predation by wolverines

    | Contributor(s):: May, R., Dijk, J. van, Forland, J. M., Andersen, R., Landa, A.

    In Norway domestic sheep Ovis aries range unattended in mountainous areas during the summer season. Wolverines Gulo gulo re-established in the alpine regions of southern Norway during recent decades and are viewed as a substantial predator on lambs. Reducing predation on sheep by wolverines...

  18. Characterization of interaction between owner and dog treated at the veterinary hospital of Federal University of Uberlandia

    | Contributor(s):: Santana, J. A., Castro, I. P. de, Almeida, L. P. de

    Increasing urbanization has increased the proximity of people with dogs. An inappropriate interaction between them can be the cause of several behavioral disorders such as aggression and depression by both the man and the animal. Thus, we proposed to conduct a survey to assess the management and...

  19. Compatibility stereotypes of people and pets: a photograph matching study

    | Contributor(s):: Budge, R. C., Spicer, J., St. George, R., Jones, B. R.

    Compatibility is an important aspect of the relationship between people and their pets as it is likely to influence both the quality and the longevity of the relationship. Perceived compatibility is also important since the stereotypical views we hold of particular person-pet combinations are...

  20. Cortisol concentrations in saliva of humans and their dogs during intensive training courses in animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D., Mostl, E., Kirchengast, S.

    This study was conducted to investigate the levels of disturbances that affected dog owners and their dogs while attending a 5 day training course of the Animals as Therapy in Vienna, Austria to become therapeutic teams in animal-assisted therapy. Cortisol samples were taken from 32 humans and...