The Role of Empathic Concern and Gender on Interspecific Contagious Yawning in Humans
| Contributor(s):: Gallup, A. C., Wozny, S. M.
Interspecific contagious yawning (CY), whereby yawns from one species trigger yawning in different species, has now been reported across various taxa. This response to human yawning appears common among animals in captivity and has been interpreted as an empathic response towards human...
Reasons for guardian-relinquishment of dogs to shelters: animal and regional predictors in British Columbia, Canada
| Contributor(s):: Eagan, B. H., Gordon, E., Protopopova, A.
Dogs are relinquished to animal shelters for animal-related or guardian-related reasons. Understanding what drives relinquishment patterns is essential for informing intervention opportunities to keep animals with their guardians. Whereas, overall reasons for relinquishment in a given shelter...
Female horses are more socially dependent than geldings kept in riding clubs
| Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Drewka, Magdalena, Nadolna, Zuzanna, Becker, Katarzyna, Lansade, Lea
Does the sex of the search and rescue (SAR) dog handler affect the work of the rescue team?
| Contributor(s):: Wojtas, J., Zielinski, D., Karpinski, M.
The handler's sex, as well as his personality and individual predispositions, may affect his suitability for work in rescue services. In addition, handler's susceptibility to stress may affect the effects of search and rescue (SAR) dog's work. The aim of the study was to analyze the salivary...
Furred and feathered friends: how attached are zookeepers to the animals in their care?
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, V., Skyner, L., Birke, L., Ward, S. J., Shaw, W. S., Hosey, G.
Keeper-animal relationships (KARs) appear to be important in zoos, since they can enhance the well-being of both the animals and the keepers, can make animal husbandry easier, but conversely might risk inappropriate habituation of animals and possible risks to the safety of keepers. It is,...
Empathy and perception of animal welfare among Mexican students of professions related to the use, management and care of animalsEmpatia y percepcion del bienestar animal entre estudiantes mexicanos de profesiones relacionadas al uso, manejo y cuidad
| Contributor(s):: Torres Cardona, M. G., Sanchez Mendez, A. I., Almaraz Buendia, I., Peralta Ortiz, J. J. G., Meza Nieto, M., Alejos de la Fuente, J. I.
Occurrence of suspected zoophilia in veterinary clinical care in Marilia/SP in 2018-2019: veiled and neglected animal abuseOcorrencia de suspeitas de zoofilia no atendimento clinico medico-veterinario em Marilia/SP no periodo de 2018-2019: maus-trato
| Contributor(s):: Polegato, E. P. dos S., Teixeira, I. B., Angeli, M. V., Paie, J. P.
Correlation between gender, age and reproductive status with canine behavior assessed by the C-BARQ toolCorrelacao entre sexo, idade e estado reprodutivo com o comportamento canino avaliado pela ferramenta C-BARQ
| Contributor(s):: Neder, J. F. de S., Soares, G. M.
This study investigated Brazilian's dogs behavior through the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and establish if these behaviors have a significant relationship with the age, sex and neutering status of the animal. The questionnaire was answered by owners...
The mechanics of social interactions between cats and their owners
| Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.
This is a mini review that summarizes what is known from quantitative observational studies of social interactions between domestic cats and humans in both laboratory colonies and the home setting. Only results from data that have been statistically analyzed are included; hypotheses still to be...
Humans can identify cats' affective states from subtle facial expressions
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Cheal, J., Niel, L., Mason, G.
Use of meloxicam, buprenorphine, and Maxilene (R) to assess a multimodal approach for piglet pain management, part 2: tail-docking
| Contributor(s):: Viscardi, A. V., Turner, P. V.
Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.
Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...
Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect
| Contributor(s):: Briefer, Elodie F., McElligott, Alan G.
Moods influence cognitive processes in that people in positive moods expect more positive events to occur and less negative ones (“optimistic bias”), whereas the opposite happens for people in negative moods (“pessimistic bias”). The evidence for an effect of mood on...
Age over experience: Consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs
| Contributor(s):: Clark, Corinna C. A., D’Eath, Richard B.
Excessive aggression between pigs at mixing is a welfare and production issue resulting in stress, injuries and economic losses. If it can be demonstrated that aggression is a consistent behaviour trait, it might provide a means to reduce these losses. To test for consistency of aggressiveness,...
Female and male pigs’ performance in a spatial holeboard and judgment bias task
| Contributor(s):: Roelofs, Sanne, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef
Studies of the cognitive abilities of pigs are increasing in number, due to their relevance for the fields of animal welfare and biomedical research. While both female and male pigs have been used in cognitive tasks, possible sex differences in performance have not yet received extensive...
The influence of sex on feeding behaviour in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)
| Contributor(s):: Bardera, Guillermo, Owen, Matthew A. G., Façanha, Felipe N., Sloman, Katherine A., Alexander, Mhairi E.
The Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) is the most cultivated species in crustacean aquaculture and a potentially important consideration for its production could be the use of monosex cultures. Generally, female penaeid shrimp are larger than males due to a greater gain in mass per...
Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.)
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.
Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as ‘proactive’ and ‘reactive’. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive...
The effects of metabolic cage housing and sex on cognitive bias expression in rats
| Contributor(s):: Barker, T. H., Howarth, G. S., Whittaker, A. L.
The use of metabolic cages is established housing protocol in small-animal, gastrointestinal research. Physiological data, as primarily observed through secretions of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis has shown that rodents housed in this manner experience an increased stress...
Cats abandonment versus adoptionAbandono de gatos versus adocao
| Contributor(s):: Pinheiro, A. G., Alves, N. D., Andrade Neto, D., Lima, J. L. A. de, Rodrigues, A. M. B., Silva, F. B.
This study was conducted to determine the pattern and factors affecting of cat abandonment and adoption in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that most of the respondents' cats were abandoned prior to being adopted. Other cats were obtained as gifts, purchased or adopted...
Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.
Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...