A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits
Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.
In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...
A case series of biting dogs: characteristics of the dogs, their behaviour, and their victims
Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R., Bate, L. A.
The characteristics of 227 biting dogs, their homes, and their victims were gathered in a detailed telephone survey of general veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island in 1996. All of the dogs had bitten either someone living in the...
A friend or an enemy? Dogs' reaction to an unfamiliar person showing behavioural cues of threat and friendliness at different times
Contributor(s):: Vas, J., Topal, J., Gacsi, M., Miklosi, A., Csanyi, V.
Responsiveness of adult pet dogs (Canis familiaris) to an unfamiliar human was observed in two studies. Subjects were faced with an approaching woman (Stranger) who showed definite signs of friendliness and threat during alternate approaches. Observations consisted of two episodes: the Stranger...
A note on behavioural laterality in neonatal lambs
Contributor(s):: Lane, A., Phillips, C.
In some mammals behavioural laterality is influenced by the perinatal environment, through stress effects on brain lateralisation, and by gender through variation in testosterone secretion. Therefore, a study was conducted on 54 neonatal lambs to determine whether laterality existed at birth and...
A note on effects of gender and time of day on the winter time-activity budget of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in a farming environment
Contributor(s):: Deeming, D. C.
Male and female adult ostriches, maintained in 3 pairs and 6 trios on a commercial ostrich farm in Britain, were observed for five 10-min periods in the morning and afternoon during February 1997. Weather conditions included periods of rain, high winds, overcast days and bright sunny days, and...
A review of the behavioral and neurochemical consequences of early weaning in rodents. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)
Contributor(s):: Kikusui, T., Nakamura, K., Mori, Y.
In mammals, mother-infant bonding is based on the dependence of the infant on the mother for sustenance, i.e., the infant suckles milk, but also involving a need for physical contact. Weaning is one of the most important events that occur in developing animals and the timing of natural weaning is...
A survey of behavioural characteristics of purebred dogs in Italy
Contributor(s):: Notari, L., Goodwin, D.
The selection of dog breeds for functionality has progressively lost its importance and behavioural attributes originally selected are often now considered problems in household contexts. This study investigated behavioural characteristics of the 49 most popular breeds of dogs in Italy....
Age over experience: consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs
Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., D'Eath, R. B.
Aggression and Hunting Attitudes
Contributor(s):: Wilson, M. S., Peden, E.
Aggressive behavior of dogs kept as companion animals: classification and influence of sex, reproductive status and breed
Contributor(s):: Borchelt, P. L.
Data were obtained on 245 cases of aggressive behaviour in dogs of 55 breeds. Aggression involved barking, growling and biting. For each case, the dog was observed at its home for 2-3 h. Eight major types of aggression were observed: aggression related to fear, dominance, possessiveness,...
Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to season, sex and age
Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.
Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than...
An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.
Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...
An investigation of human-animal interactions and empathy as related to pet preference, ownership, attachment, and attitudes in children
Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Morton, L. L.
A group of elementary students (n=155) were surveyed with respect to four aspects of relationships with pets - preference, ownership, attachment, and attitude - in order to further explore the connection that appears to exist between human-animal interactions and empathy. The investigation was...
Analysis of exterior indices of Polish konik horses from preservation breeding centres and used in hippotherapy
Contributor(s):: Pasicka, E., Oedenberg, H. G. de
Animal-related activities and appreciation of animals among children and adolescents
Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Kaltenborn, B. P., Odegardstuen, T. S.
Five hundred and sixty-two children and adolescents, aged between nine and 15 years, from one urban and three rural areas in Southern Norway, completed a questionnaire in which they expressed their degree of preference for various animal species, participation in animal-related activities, and...
Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital
Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.
Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...
Attitudes and actions of West Indian dog owners towards neutering their animals: a gender issue?
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Samuels, D., Mather, J.
A study of the attitudes and actions of 281 dog owners towards neutering their animals is reported from New Providence, The Bahamas, based on a study conducted in 2001. Owner attitudes towards neutering are associated with different sterilization rates of dogs. While owners' gender is associated...
Attitudes and activities related to urban wildlife: pet owners and non-owners
Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Ostdahl, T., Kleiven, J.
A survey on attitudes toward common urban animal species was conducted in Trondheim, Norway. 1500 residents were selected and given questionnaires. Owners of pet animals liked most of the 24 species included more than did non-pet owners. No differences were found between the 2 groups only for the...
Attitudes towards animal use and belief in animal mind
Contributor(s):: Knight, S., Vrij, A., Cherryman, J., Nunkoosing, K.
Animals are used by humans in many ways, yet science has paid little attention to the study of human-animal relationships (Melson 2002). In the present study, participants (n=96) completed a questionnaire on attitudes towards animal use, and individual differences were examined to determine which...
Attitudes towards dogs: a study of university students in Japan and the UK
Contributor(s):: Miura, A., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Tanida, H.
The attitudes of 229 (142 females, 87 males) Japanese and 212 (131 females, 81 males) British students towards dogs were measured using a questionnaire comprising 46, seven-point Likert scale items, taking the cultures of both Japan and the UK into consideration. Their responses were separately...