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  1. Fear of dogs in a community sample: effects of age, gender and prior experience of canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Boyd, C. M., Fotheringham, B., Litchfield, C., McBryde, I., Metzer, J. C., Scanlon, P., Somers, R., Winefield, A. H.

    An investigation was conducted into human fear of dogs and experiences of canine aggression in an adult community sample (n=292). Consistent with expectations, it was found that, while fear of dogs was relatively common (present in almost half the respondents), fear of dog attacks was less so,...

  2. How depressive moods affect the behavior of singly living persons toward their cats

    Contributor(s):: Rieger, G., Turner, D. C.

    This study investigated how depressive feelings affect the behavior of singly living persons toward their cats. Data from 47 women and 49 men, who were visited at home for one two-hour observation session, were used for the analyses. Just prior to and after the observations, participants filled...

  3. Personalities of self-identified "dog people" and "cat people"

    Contributor(s):: Gosling, S. D., Sandy, C. J., Potter, J.

    Alleged personality differences between individuals who self-identify as "dog people" and "cat people" have long been the topic of wide-spread speculation and sporadic research. Yet existing studies offer a rather conflicting picture of what personality differences, if any, exist between the two...

  4. Personality, empathy and attitudes to animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Furnham, A., McManus, C., Scott, D.

    A total of 833 students completed a four-part questionnaire which measured demographic factors (sex, education, vegetarianism, religiousness), attitudes to animal experimentation, personality (Big Five) and empathy. Attitudes to animal experimentation factored into five interpretable factors, and...

  5. Pet companionship and depression: results from a United States Internet sample

    Contributor(s):: Tower, R. B., Nokota, M.

    Using Internet survey data from 2,291 respondents from the United States, we examined socio-demographic predictors of living with a cat or dog. Logistic regressions showed that, for men, being married, living with children, being Midwestern and non-urban increased odds of living with a pet. For...

  6. Pets, networks and well-being

    Contributor(s):: Hecht, L., McMillin, J. D., Silverman, P.

    This study explores two explanations for well-being among older adults: social network analysis and human-animal relations. The data are based on a stratified probability sample of community living adults, aged 60 years and over, located in several rural communities in north-eastern Oregon. The...

  7. Sex differences in the antecedents of animal use attitudes

    Contributor(s):: Robertson, J. C., Gallivan, J., MacIntyre, P. D.

    Sex differences in attitudes toward the use of animals have been reported in previous research. This study examines sex differences in the levels of, and the interrelations among, three potential antecedents of attitudes toward animal use: caring value orientation, pet care experience and...

  8. Spouses and cats and their effects on human mood

    Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C., Rieger, G., Gygax, L.

    Previous data indicated that cats influence the moods of singly living people only by decreasing negative moods, while not affecting positive moods. In this study, it was investigated if such an effect could be replicated, was comparable to the effect of a human partner and related to the owner's...

  9. Symbolic animals and the developing self

    Contributor(s):: Myers, G.

    This study examined developmental changes in animal symbols of the self, as revealed by identification with six animals (lion, eagle, bear, rabbit, lamb and cow) by children aged from 4 to 5 years (n=10), 10 to 11 years (n=9), and 17 to 18 years (n=10). Overall, the eagle, rabbit and lion...

  10. Behaviour and thermogenesis of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions

    Contributor(s):: Gorssen, J., Koene, P.

    Behaviour and thermogenesis of homing pigeons (Columba livia) in crowded transport conditions were studied in 2 experiments. Both experiments were designed on a 2-way factorial basis and measurements and observations were taken from groups of 8 birds. In the first experiment, temperature (26...

  11. Group size and space allocation in farmed juvenile blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    Contributor(s):: Ahola, L., Mononen, J., Pyykonen, T., Mohaibes, M., Hanninen, S.

    Farmed juvenile blue foxes were housed either singly, in pairs, or in quartets at a stocking density of either 0.6 m2 or 1.2 m2 per animal. The effects of group size and space allocation on physiological, behavioural and production-related parameters were assessed. The results showed that the...

  12. Stability of breeding and non-breeding groups of golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas )

    Contributor(s):: Vleeschouwer, K. de, Leus, K., Elsacker, L. van

    In Callitrichid primates, offspring remain in their natal group beyond the age of sexual maturity, increasing the group's inclusive fitness by cooperatively rearing their siblings. Contraception of the dominant female in these groups may alter the associated costs and benefits of this cooperative...

  13. The effects of intrusion on the behaviour of caged laboratory rats ( Rattus norvegicus ): consequences for welfare

    Contributor(s):: Barclay, R.

    This experiment examines the consequences and welfare implications of the introduction of new rats to established (resident) caged laboratory rat groups. The effects on investigatory and aggressive behaviours of the established and the newly introduced rats were measured. The aggressive status...

  14. The health, haematology and blood biochemistry of free-ranging farm cats in relation to social status

    Contributor(s):: Macdonald, D. W., Yamaguchi, N., Passanisi, W. C.

    A profile of the general health, haematology and blood biochemistry of a colony of free-living feral farm cats is presented. Samples and biochemical data were collected between late November and early December 1989 from 50-80 feral cats living on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK. A higher proportion of...

  15. Transport stress and exercise hyperthermia recorded in sheep by radiotelemetry

    Contributor(s):: Parrott, R. F., Lloyd, D. M., Brown, D.

    Deep body temperature was measured in 4 wethers and 4 ewes surgically implanted with telemetry devices. Records were taken over several days in the home pen (baseline data) and also in response to 3 potentially stressful procedures; transport, exposure to a sheepdog and forced exercise. Loading...

  16. Welfare of male and female broiler chickens in relation to stocking density, as indicated by performance, health and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: McLean, J. A., Savory, C. J., Sparks, N. H. C.

    The purpose of this experiment was to provide information relevant to the current debate concerning the optimization of terminal stocking density for commercial broiler production. In a modern, controlled-environment house with 24 floor pens (each 11.4 m2), 4020 day-old broilers (Ross 308) were...

  17. An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.

    Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...