Decolonising the Waters: Interspecies Encounters Between Sharks and Humans
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| Contributor(s):: Zan Hammerton, Akkadia Ford Dr.
Often portrayed as ‘man–eaters’, sharks are one of the most maligned apex species on earth. Media representation has fuelled public imagination, perpetuating fear and negative stereotypes of sharks and hysteria around human-shark interactions; whilst government initiatives...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Grey nurse shark human interactions and portrayals: a study of newspaper portrayals of the grey nurse shark from 1969-2003
| Contributor(s):: Marie-France Boissonneault, William Gladstone, Paul Scott, Nancy Cushing
The general lack of knowledge in dominant society pertaining to the different shark species has led to the depletion of the more placid species such as the grey nurse shark ( Carcharias taurus ). This study consisted of a content analysis of 41 Australian newspaper articles pertaining...
"Ti-Koyo and His Shark". Human-animal brotherhood from Clement Richer to Italo Calvino and Folco Quilici
| Contributor(s):: Damiano Benvegnu
Ti-Koyo e il suo pescecane [Ti-Coyo and His Shark] is a 1962 film by Italian film director and screenwriter Folco Quilici. Based on a novel by the Martinican writer Clement Richer entitled Ti-Coyo et son requin (Ti-Coyo and his [White] Shark, 1941) but adapted for cinema by Italo Calvino (who...
Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.
| Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter
There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Extinction Risk and Conservation of the World's Sharks and Rays
| Contributor(s):: Nicholas K. Dulvy, Sarah L. Fowler, John A. Musick, Rachel D. Cavanagh, Peter M. Kyne, Lucy R. Harrison, John K. Carlson, Lindsay N.K. Davidson, Sonja V. Fordham, Malcolm P. Francis, Caroline M. Pollock, Colin A. Simpfendorfer, George H. Burgess, Kent E. Carpenter, Leonard J.V. Compagno, David A. Ebert, Claudine Gibson, Michelle R. Heupel, Suzanne R. Livingstone, Jonnell C. Sanciangco, John D. Stevens, Sarah Valenti, William T. White
The rapid expansion of human activities threatens ocean-wide biodiversity. Numerous marine animal populations have declined, yet it remains unclear whether these trends are symptomatic of a chronic accumulation of global marine extinction risk. We present the first systematic analysis of threat...
Whale shark tourism in Ningaloo Marine Park, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Davis, D.
Surveys conducted among whale shark tourists in Ningaloo Marine Park, off the coast of Western Australia, yielded 464 responses in 1995 and 376 in 1996. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is used to compare attitudes towards management questions relating to human-to-shark separation...
Perspectivism, mortuary symbolism, and human-shark relationships on the Maritime Peninsula
| Contributor(s):: Betts, Matthew W., Blair, Susan E., Black, David W.
The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)
| Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...
Historical knowledge of sharks: ancient science, earliest American encounters, and American science, fisheries, and utilization
| Contributor(s):: Jose I. Castro
In western civilization, the knowledge of the elasmobranch or selachian fishes (sharks and rays) begins with Aristotle (384–322 B.C.). Two of his extant works, the “Historia Animalium” and the “Generation of Animals,” both written about 330 B.C., demonstrate...
Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.
In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...
Effect of Human Body Position on the Swimming Behavior of Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus leucas
| Contributor(s):: Ritter, E., Amin, R.
A review of shark agonistic displays: Comparison of 2 display features and implications for shark-human interactions
| Contributor(s):: Martin, R. Aidan