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  1. The human-animal relationship in dairy animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Bragaglio, A., Sabia, E., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Rosa, G. de

    The present study aims to identify margins for the improvement of dairy animal welfare and production based on the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). The main tool proposed to improve the quality of HAR in dairy animals is training of stock-people by targeting their attitude and...

  2. Evaluation of the tri-axial accelerometer to identify and predict parturition-related activities of Debouillet ewes in an intensive setting

    | Contributor(s):: Gurule, Sara C., Tobin, Colin T., Bailey, Derek W., Hernandez Gifford, Jennifer A.

  3. Text Mining Analysis to Evaluate Stakeholders' Perception Regarding Welfare of Equines, Small Ruminants, and Turkeys

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Vito Tranquillo, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Monica Battini, Silvana Mattiello, Sara Barbieri, Valentina Ferrante, Lorenzo Ferrari, Adroaldo Zanella, Elisabetta Canali

    Welfare of animals significantly depends on how stakeholders perceive their needs and behave in a way to favor production systems that promote better welfare outcomes. This study aimed at investigating stakeholders’ perception of the welfare of equines, small ruminants, and turkeys using...

  4. Duration of phase II of labour negatively affects maternal behaviour and lamb viability in wool-type primiparous ewes under extensive rearing

    | Contributor(s):: Regueiro, Mariel, López-Mazz, Carlos, Jorge-Smeding, Ezequiel, Baldi, Fernando, Banchero, Georgget

  5. Behavioural reactivity of two lines of South African Merino sheep divergently selected for reproductive potential

    | Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Cloete, J. J. E., Kruger, A. C. M., Cloete, Schalk W. P.

  6. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  7. Compared to grouped lambing, isolation favorize calmer animals and faster mother-lamb recognition but not lambs’ survival in tropical hair sheep farms

    | Contributor(s):: Escobedo-Canul, Juan A., González-Pech, Pedro G., Sandoval-Castro, Carlos A., Cámara-Sarmiento, Ramón, Sarmiento-Franco, Luis

    The aim of this study was to compare the mother-lamb bonding and lamb mortality observed on Pelibuey ewes lambing in isolation (IL) or group (GL) under tropical farm conditions. Each treatment was conformed with 16 adults multiparous Pelibuey ewes of similar weight (39.8 ± 8.01 kg) and body...

  8. The presence of Icelandic leadersheep affects flock behaviour when exposed to a predator test

    | Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Eythórsdóttir, Emma, Dýrmundsson, Ólafur R., Grøva, Lise

    Genetic selection in commercial sheep production has mainly focussed on production traits and to a large extent ignoring behavioural traits, such as response towards predators. The Icelandic leadersheep is a sheep breed selected and known for its special behavioural traits, such as leading the...

  9. Sheep Farmers' Perception of Welfare and Pain Associated with Routine Husbandry Practices in Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cristian Larrondo, Hedie Bustamante, Carmen Gallo

    Considering the public concern about the welfare of farm animals during routine husbandry practices, this study aimed to determine how husbandry practices are carried out in Chilean farms, sheep farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare and pain, and factors that affect them, as well as the...

  10. Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study

    | Contributor(s):: Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia

    This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...

  11. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    | Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  12. Effect of late gestational feed restriction and glucogenic precursor on behaviour and performance of Ghezel ewes and their offspring

    | Contributor(s):: Ahmadzadeh, Leila, Hosseinkhani, Ali, Taghizadeh, Akbar, Ghasemi-Panahi, Babak, Hamidian, Gholamreza

    Maternal undernutrition during pregnancy impairs offspring behaviours and thereby their survival rate indirectly by decreasing lamb birth weight or by deteriorating milk production which in turn limits bonding of the dam with the neonate. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of maternal...

  13. Chute scoring as a potential method for assessing individual differences in arousal among ewes

    | Contributor(s):: Schiller, Kaleiah, McVey, Catherine, Doyle, Shayna, Horback, Kristina

    Chute scoring has been used among beef and dairy operations as a method to gauge the relative phenotypic characteristics of animals based on response to physical restraint. While elements of the cattle chute score, such as tail flicking, exit speed, and side kicking, have been validated as...

  14. The sex of the offspring affects the lamb and ewe responses to abrupt weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R.

    Female lambs have a stronger attachment with their mothers and show a greater susceptibility to stressors than male lambs. Male lambs grow faster than female lambs do, achieving a greater nutritional independence from their mothers. Our hypothesis was that female lambs and their mothers are more...

  15. A novel protocol to measure startle magnitude in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Salvin, Hannah, Cafe, Linda, Lees, Angela, Morris, Stephen, Lee, Caroline

    Temperament is a trait of interest as it impacts ease of handling, production and reactivity to stressful situations. Excessive behavioural reactivity, as an aspect of temperament, may lead to reduced welfare and stockperson safety. Current tests of behavioural reactivity involve isolating the...

  16. Thermography as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress and Fear of Humans in Sheep

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Elisabetta Canali, Bruno Cozzi, Nicola Ferri, Eugenio Heinzl, Michela Minero, Matteo Chincarini, Giorgio Vignola, Emanuela Dalla Costa

    No data have been published on the use of infrared thermography (IRT) to evaluate sheep emotions. We assessed whether this technique can be used as a non-invasive measure of negative emotions. Two voluntary animal approach (VAA) tests were conducted (and filmed) on five ewes before and after...

  17. Avaliação do comportamento e do stresse de ovelhas sujeitas a um teste de interação homem-animal. Utilização da técnica de termografia de infravermelhos.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Antónia Luísa de Carvalho Ferreira Afonso

    O objetivo desta tese de mestrado foi avaliar o comportamento e o stresse em ovelhas das raças Ide de-France (IF) e Churra-da-Terra-Quente (CTQ) sujeitas a um teste de interação homem-animal (teste parque ou de arena). Foi realizada uma análise de imagens...

  18. Foraging Behavior Patterns of Sheep and Horses Under a Mixed Species Grazing System

    | Contributor(s):: Patkowski, Krzysztof, Pluta, Michał, Lipiec, Antoni, Greguła-Kania, Monika, Gruszecki, Tomasz M.

    The research objective was to assess the behavior patterns of the Polish Konik horse breed and the Uhruska variety of the Polish Lowland Sheep breed under a mixed-grazing system, and their relationship with climatic factors. The observation included 4 adult horses, 27 ewes with lambs and 10...

  19. Visual discrimination learning and spatial acuity in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Sugnaseelan, Sumita, Prescott, Neville B., Broom, Donald M., Wathes, Christopher M., Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Visual acuity is an important component of environmental recognition in sheep, yet knowledge about it is limited in this or other herbivorous species. We tested the ability of British Friesland×Texel female lambs to discriminate black and white square-wave gratings, presented vertically or...

  20. Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, Rebecca E., Freire, Rafael, Cowling, Ann, Knott, Stephanie A., Lee, Caroline

    Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....