Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs
Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz
Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.
Farmer and public attitudes toward lamb finishing systems
Contributor(s):: Coleman, G., Jongman, E., Greenfield, L., Hemsworth, P.
To develop research and policy on the welfare of lambs in intensive finishing systems, it is important to understand public and sheep farmers' attitudes. The aim of this research was to identify and compare farmer and community attitudes relevant to the intensification of lamb finishing. The...
On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Phythian, Clare J., Michalopoulou, Eleni, Cripps, Peter J., Duncan, Jennifer S., Wemelsfelder, Françoise
Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a ‘whole-animal’ methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as ‘tense’, ‘relaxed’, ‘anxious’, and ‘content’. The reliability and validity of QBA as...
Training rams to court and mate female goats
Contributor(s):: Orihuela, Agustín, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
As Saint-Croix rams (sheep) exhibit low seasonal reproductive changes, they could be effective in inducing a reproductive response during the non-breeding season in anestrous does (goats) of breeds whose bucks show low reproductive activity. Three management practices for training rams to court...
Development of a facial expression scale using footrot and mastitis as models of pain in sheep
| Contributor(s):: McLennan, Krista M., Rebelo, Carlos J. B., Corke, Murray J., Holmes, Mark A., Leach, Matthew C., Constantino-Casas, Fernando
Management of pain in sheep is limited by the challenges of recognising and accurately quantifying pain in this species. The use of facial expression scoring to assess pain is a well-utilised, practical tool in both humans and non-human animals. The objective of this study was to develop a...
Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth
| Contributor(s):: Cronin, Greg M., Beganovic, Danai F., Sutton, Amanda L., Palmer, David J., Thomson, Peter C., Tammen, Imke
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...
Quantitative assessment of bullet fragments in viscera of sheep carcasses as surrogates for white-tailed deer
| Contributor(s):: Cruz-Martinez, Luis, Grund, Marrett D., Redig, Patrick T.
Jaguar and puma attacks on livestock in Costa Rica
| Contributor(s):: Amit, Ronit, Gordillo-Chavez, Elias Jose, Bone, Raquel
Bullet fragmentation and lead deposition in white-tailed deer and domestic sheep
| Contributor(s):: Grund, M. D., Cornicelli, L., Carlson, L. T., Butler, E. A.
Producer Perceptions of Food-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases: Sheep and Goats
| Contributor(s):: Paula Menzies
Work with the community and producers to understand perceptions of food-borne and zoonotic disease issues in the industry. Use this research to develop preferred knowledge translation methods to address needs and concerns.
Reactions of sheep towards three sets of emotional stimuli: (in) consistency in respect to stimulus valence and sheep identity
| Contributor(s):: Gygax, L., Vogeli, S.
There is an increasing interest in affective states in applied animal behaviour science, because these states are thought to reflect welfare from the perspective of the animals. Also, it can be expected that individuals differ in how they consistently react to emotional challenges. Recently, we...
Etre un ovin malade en Bas-Berry (fin XVIII e - milieu XX e siecle)
| Contributor(s):: Baron, N.
The purpose of this article is to make use of the "animal viewpoint", which has been adopted by a growing number of researchers, to reconstruct the experience of Indre sheep affected by the disease from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. To this end, we rely on local archives and...
Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure to carbon dioxide at high concentration in lambs
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X., Litvan, H., Jensen, E. W., Velarde, A.
The most widely used stunning method in sheep is electrical. However, in lambs, this method leads to rupture of the blood vessels, provoking ecchymoses. In pigs ( Sus scrofa), the use of CO 2-stunning systems has increased in popularity due to positive effects on meat quality and animal welfare...
Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)
| Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.
At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...
Being a sick ovine in Bas-Berry (end of the XVIIIth - mid XXth centuries)Etre un ovin malade en Bas-Berry (fin XVIII e - milieu XX e siecle)
A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport
| Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.
Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...
Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy
| Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.
This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...
Validating the use of qualitative behavioral assessment as a measure of the welfare of sheep during transport
| Contributor(s):: Wickham, S. L., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Miller, D. W., Beatty, D. T., Stockman, C. A., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.
We tested the application of qualitative behavioral assessment (QBA) as a welfare assessment tool. Sheep were exposed to road transport treatments, and behavioral expressions were compared between experimental treatments and validated by correlation with physiological measures. We compared...
Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany
| Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.
Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...