What can the quantitative and qualitative behavioural assessment of videos of sheep moving through an autonomous data capture system tell us about welfare?
Contributor(s):: Grant, Emily P., Brown, Amy, Wickham, Sarah L., Anderson, Fiona, Barnes, Anne L., Fleming, Patricia A., Miller, David W.
Sheep can be exposed to a variety of challenges and failure to adapt to these challenges can compromise their health and wellbeing. Regular monitoring of stock on large-scale or extensive systems may not always be possible, although recent technological advancements in automated data capture,...
Influence of low pasture allowance during pregnancy on the attachment between ewes and their lambs at birth and during lactation
Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, Aline, Terrazas, Angélica, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo, Hötzel, Maria José, Orihuela, Agustín, Pérez-Clariget, Raquel
Nutrient restriction during pregnancy may negatively affect ewe-lamb attachment at birth. We hypothesised that the difference in the attachment at birth could persist during lactation and, consequently, the emotional response of lambs to a short-term maternal separation test during late...
Growing without a mother during rearing affects the response to stressors in rams
Contributor(s):: Damián, Juan Pablo, Hötzel, Maria José, Banchero, Georgget, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
Early maternal care contributes to the normal development of the physiological, social and emotional functions of the offspring. As sheep are a strongly gregarious species, separation and isolation of an individual from the flock provokes fear and, consequently a stress response. The first aim of...
Increased intake and preference for tannin-rich sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) pellets by both parasitized and non-parasitized lambs after a period of conditioning
Contributor(s):: Costes-Thiré, Morgane, Villalba, Juan J., Hoste, Hervé, Ginane, Cécile
Ruminants select nutritious feeds and avoid deleterious ones by relying on a learning process. We tested the hypothesis that they may similarly be able to select feeds for their medicinal properties, Le. to self-medicate. Our experimental model was lambs infected with gastrointestinal nematodes...
Fractal measures in activity patterns: Do gastrointestinal parasites affect the complexity of sheep behaviour?
Contributor(s):: Burgunder, Jade, Petrželková, Klára J., Modrý, David, Kato, Akiko, MacIntosh, Andrew J. J.
Gastrointestinal nematodes are known to be one of the most economically important parasites in livestock production. In order to test whether fractal analysis of behaviour can be used as a diagnostic tool for detection of infected animals, we investigated fractal patterns in the behavioural...
Livestock guarding behaviour of Kangal dogs in their native habitat
Contributor(s):: Akyazi, Ibrahim, Ograk, Yusuf Ziya, Eraslan, Evren, Arslan, Murat, Matur, Erdal
Kangal Shepherd Dog is one of the endemic large dog breeds in Anatolia, Turkey. It is bred in different regions of Turkey as well as in different countries as a livestock guarding dog (LGD). Being one of the most popular and common LGD breeds, basic behavioural traits and the effectiveness of...
Tempo and Mode of Domestication During the Neolithic Revolution: Evidence from Dental Mesowear and Microwear of Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Melissa Zolnierz
The Neolithic Revolution marked a dramatic change in human subsistence practices. In order to explain this change, we must understand the motive forces behind it. Researchers have proposed many different stimuli, with most theories invoking environmental dynamics, human population density...
Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip
| Contributor(s):: Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy
Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...
Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Woollying the Boundaries: Perceptions of, and Interventions into, Upland Sheep Farming in Wales
| Contributor(s):: Ffion Jones
This thesis uses an interdisciplinary methodological approach including art practice, ethnography and autoethnography as a way of examining the relationship between a farming family and their upland sheep farm in mid- Wales. It draws on the ethnographic methods of ‘participant...
Relationships between handling, behaviour and stress in lambs at abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Rice, M., Borg, S., Edwards, L. E., Ponnampalam, E. N., Coleman, G. J.
Addressing the Challenges of Conducting Observational Studies in Sheep Abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Elyssa Payne, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
The competing needs of maintaining productivity within abattoirs, and maintaining high standards of animal welfare, provide fertile grounds for applied research in animal behavior. However, there are challenges involved in capturing useful behavioral data from the supply chain (from paddock to...
Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Amanda James, Matthew W. Kemp, Sara Ritchie, Andrew Ritchie, Michael Laurence
The aim of this study was to document the haematological profile of pregnant ewes throughout gestation. Sheep were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): non-pregnant, singleton, or twin pregnancy. Blood samples were collected every 14 days from day 55 of gestation for haemoglobin...
Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon
| Contributor(s):: Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday
The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population was...
Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations
| Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...
Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
| Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz
Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.
Farmer and public attitudes toward lamb finishing systems
| Contributor(s):: Coleman, G., Jongman, E., Greenfield, L., Hemsworth, P.
To develop research and policy on the welfare of lambs in intensive finishing systems, it is important to understand public and sheep farmers' attitudes. The aim of this research was to identify and compare farmer and community attitudes relevant to the intensification of lamb finishing. The...
On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Phythian, Clare J., Michalopoulou, Eleni, Cripps, Peter J., Duncan, Jennifer S., Wemelsfelder, Françoise
Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs, cattle,...
Training rams to court and mate female goats
| Contributor(s):: Orihuela, Agustín, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
As Saint-Croix rams (sheep) exhibit low seasonal reproductive changes, they could be effective in inducing a reproductive response during the non-breeding season in anestrous does (goats) of breeds whose bucks show low reproductive activity. Three management practices for training rams to court...