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  1. An analysis of spatial leadership in a small field in a small flock of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W.

  2. An assessment of stress caused in sheep by watching slaughter of other sheep

    Contributor(s):: Anil, M. H., Preston, J., McKinstry, J. L., Rodway, R. G., Brown, S. N.

    The question of whether witnessing slaughter of conspecifics is distressing was investigated in sheep. Previously catheterized sheep were allowed to see the stunning and sticking (exsanguination) of other sheep. Heart rate was monitored and serial blood samples were taken to assess stress...

  3. An attempt to assess traits of emotionality in crossbred ewes

    Contributor(s):: Torres-Hernandez, G., Hohenboken, W.

    Open-field behaviour, including exposure to a tethered dog, was examined in ewes from crosses of North Country Cheviot (NCC), Dorset Horn (DH), Finnish Landrace (FL) and Romney Marsh (RM) sires with Suffolk and Columbia ewes. Each of 164 ewes was tested 3 times, with 3-wk intervals between tests....

  4. An attempt to bond weaned 3-month-old beef heifers to yearling ewes

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, D. M., Hulet, C. V., Smith, J. N., Shupe, W. L., Murray, L. W.

    This study was conducted to determine if recently weaned heifers, averaging 3 months of age, would bond to sheep. Heifers with a mean age of 90 days were penned for 80 days, singly or in groups of 3 with 2 or 5 yearling ewes, respectively. The cattle and sheep were observed together, while on...

  5. An automatic system to monitor lying, standing and walking behaviour of grazing animals

    Contributor(s):: Champion, R. A., Rutter, S. M., Penning, P. D.

    Sensors incorporating mercury tilt switches were used to measure the lying, standing and walking behaviour of grazing cattle and sheep. The lying/standing sensor was suspended below the animal, whilst the walking sensor was fitted to the shin of the animal's foreleg. Both switches gave a...

  6. An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.

    Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...

  7. An ethicist's commentary on the case of determining withdrawal time for off-label drug usage in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  8. An ethicist's commentary on the case of the ewes in distress

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  9. An ethicist's commentary on the case of the veterinarian who wishes to improve rural euthanasia

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  10. An evaluation of the contribution of isolation, up-ending and wool removal to the stress response to shearing

    Contributor(s):: Hargreaves, A. L., Hutson, G. D.

    A 2x2x2 factorial experiment examined the effects of 3 components of shearing (isolation, up-ending and wool removal) on the development of a stress response to handling. 10 Merino wethers were allocated to each treatment. Haematocrit, plasma cortisol and plasma glucose were measured in a series...

  11. An indoor method for studying the preferences of sheep and cattle at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Dumont, B., Petit, M.

    The choices of heifers and ewes between a poor quality hay (Festuca arundinacea) offered ad libitum, and a good quality hay (main species; Festuca rubra, Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne and Poa trivialis) offered in limited quantities were measured in 2 trials. The experiments were designed to...

  12. Analysis of the impact of different senses in the human animal interaction

    Contributor(s):: Korff, J.

  13. Analyzing the process of domestication: Hagoshrim as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Haber, Annat

  14. Animal exploitation at K├Ârtik Tepe: an early aceramic Neolithic site in southeastern Turkey

    Contributor(s):: Arbuckle, Benjamin S., Özkaya, Vecihi

  15. Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

    Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.

    At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...

  16. Animal welfare and sustainability of production under extensive conditions: a non-EU perspective

    Contributor(s):: Matthews, L. R.

    Public attitudes to extensive livestock husbandry systems are favourable and welfare is perceived to be good primarily because animals are free to express their normal behaviour patterns. In many cases, such as agroforestry, this conclusion is fully justified. The author makes the following...

  17. Animal welfare considerations in small ruminant breeding specifications. (Animals and their welfare)

    Contributor(s):: El-Balaa, R., Marie, M.

    After satisfying their quantitative and qualitative needs with regarding nutrition, consumers in developed countries are becoming more involved in the ethical aspects of food production, especially when it relates to animal products. Social demands for respecting animal welfare in housing systems...

  18. Animals as scientific objects

  19. Animals' emotions: studies in sheep using appraisal theories

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Boissy, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L.

    Animal welfare concerns stem from recognition of the fact that animals can experience emotions such as pain or joy. Nevertheless, discussion of animal emotions is often considered anthropomorphic, and there is a clear need to use explanatory frameworks to understand animals' emotions. We borrowed...

  20. Are double bunks used by indoor wintering sheep? Testing a proposal for organic farming in Norway

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Lind, V.

    The frequency with which ewe lambs lay on wooden surfaces at two levels, called "double bunks," was documented by video recording at 6, 11 and 18 months of age: the number in each of 4 pens (n=4) lying either on double bunks (DBs) or on the expanded metal floor (EMF) was recorded. At 6 months,...