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  1. Safewalk: Improving Enrichment and Adoption Rates for Shelter Dogs by Changing Human Behavior

    Contributor(s):: Bright, Terri M., Hadden, Louise

    Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption....

  2. Instituting Dark-Colored Cover to Improve Central Space Use Within Guinea Pig Enclosure

    Contributor(s):: Byrd, Charles P., Winnicker, Christina, Gaskill, Brianna N.

    Domestic guinea pigs (Cavia aperea f. porcellus) in laboratories have been shown to actively avoid the centers of their cages. This experiment tested a novel, dark-colored “shader” placed over the central portion of a cage. Based on the observed behavior of wild guinea pig species, it was...

  3. Impacts of Encouraging Dog Walking on Returns of Newly Adopted Dogs to a Shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gunter, Lisa, Protopopova, Alexandra, Hooker, Steven P., Ananian, Cheryl Der, Wynne, Clive D. L.

    This study involved examining the ability of a postadoption intervention to reduce returns of newly adopted dogs to shelters by encouraging physical activity between adopters and their dogs. Guardians in the intervention group received emails with dog behavior and human activity advice as well as...

  4. Effect of Capacity for Care on cat admission trends at the Guelph Humane Society, 2011–2015

    Contributor(s):: Janke, Natasha, Berke, Olaf, Klement, Eyal, Flockhart, D. T. Tyler, Coe, Jason, Bateman, Shane

    In recent years, there has been a growing concern regarding populations of cats who are homeless. Shelters are constantly overwhelmed by the influx of cats without caregivers and are seeking solutions to enhance positive outcomes for them. In 2014, the Guelph Humane Society implemented a...

  5. Characteristics of Cats Admitted to Czech Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Voslarova, Eva, Kubesova, Katerina, Vecerek, Vladimir

    The aim of this study was to describe the numbers and characteristics of cats entering Czech shelters. Records of sheltered cats were collected from three cat shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2011 to 2015. A total of 2170 cat admissions were analyzed in this...

  6. Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets

    Contributor(s):: Vitulli, Valeria, Zanin, Laura, Trentini, Roberto, Lucidi, Pia

    The overpopulation of shelters and the increase of homeless dogs have become serious problems in many countries. One contributor to the number of both sheltered and homeless dogs is the abandonment and relinquishment of pet dogs by their owners for different reasons – in many cases depending on...

  7. Analysis of Factors Relating to Companion Rabbits Relinquished to Two United Kingdom Rehoming Centers

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Clare F., McCormick, Wanda, Tinarwo, Ambrose

    Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for...

  8. Will a hiding box provide stress reduction for shelter cats?

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Godijn, L. M., van der Leij, W. J. R.

    Domestic cats (Felis sylvestris catus) can experience serious stress in shelters. Stressful experiences can have a major impact on the cats’ welfare and may cause higher incidences of infectious diseases in the shelters due to raised cortisol levels causing immunodeficiency. Though several...

  9. Development and validation of a quality of life assessment tool for use in kennelled dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, Jenna L., Collins, Lisa M.

    There is currently no objective and validated quality of life assessment tool available to assess the quality of life of domestic dogs in kennels. This study aimed to develop a validated scoring system to assess the quality of life of dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Objective animal-based...

  10. Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gourkow, Nadine, LaVoy, Alora, Dean, Gregg A., Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...

  11. Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: Behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence

    Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...

  12. Investigating behavior assessment instruments to predict aggression in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, Sara L., Litster, Annette, Weng, Hsin-Yi, Walker, Sheryl L., Luescher, Andrew U.

    This masked controlled study evaluated a group of dogs to determine if the results of two behavior assessments detected aggression in dogs that had a history of aggression according to a validated questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in dogs. Groups of dogs with or without...

  13. The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Gilmour, Amanda Joy, Weiss, Rebecca Hannah, Shen, Jacqueline Yontsye, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence

    The aim of the present study was to increase adoption rates of dogs housed in shelters. Previous research suggests that the public perceives friendly and sociable dogs as more adoptable. The present study hypothesized that dogs trained to gaze into potential adopters’ eyes would be perceived as...

  14. The behaviour of domestic cats in a shelter: Residence time, density and sex ratio

    Contributor(s):: Gouveia, Kelly, Magalhães, Ana, de Sousa, Liliana

    Many cats that are rendered to a shelter fail to find a new home. Older and other less desirable cats may face a significant amount of time in the shelter prior to adoption. Therefore, the present study compared the behaviour of domestic cats subjected to different lengths of time, room density...

  15. Effects of Olfactory and Auditory Enrichment on the Behaviour of Shelter Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Amaya, V., Paterson, M. B. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Shelter environments are stressful for dogs, as they must cope with many stimuli over which they have little control. This can lead to behavioural changes, negatively affect their welfare and downgrade the human-animal bond, affecting re-homing success. Arousal is evident in their behaviour,...

  16. Fleeing with Fido: an Analysis of What Canadian Domestic Violence Shelters Are Communicating Via their Websites about Leaving an Abusive Relationship when Pets Are Involved

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Allison, Barrett, Betty Jo, Fitzgerald, Amy, Peirone, Amy

  17. Finishing bulls have more synchronised behaviour in pastures than in pens

    Contributor(s):: Tuomisto, Leena, Huuskonen, Arto, Jauhiainen, Lauri, Mononen, Jaakko

    The objective of the present study was to compare the synchronisation of the lying, feeding and standing behaviour of bulls housed in an uninsulated barn and in a pasture. Dairy (Ayrshire and Holstein-Friesian) and beef (Hereford) bulls were housed in June-July in either partly bedded pens in an...

  18. Clicker training increases exploratory behaviour and time spent at the front of the enclosure in shelter cats; Implications for welfare and adoption rates

    Contributor(s):: Grant, Rachel A., Warrior, Jennifer Rose

    The rescue shelter environment is known to be stressful for domestic cats, which can lead to them becoming less active, playful and exploratory as well as spending a long time hiding. Early adoption can prevent long term stress in shelter cats, but adopters often look at behaviour and...

  19. Effect of free-range access, shelter type and weather conditions on free-range use and welfare of slow-growing broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Stadig, Lisanne M., Rodenburg, T. Bas, Ampe, Bart, Reubens, Bert, Tuyttens, Frank A. M.

    Free-range access for broiler chickens can benefit animal welfare because the birds have access to a more natural environment and more opportunities to perform natural behaviours than in indoor systems. Also, they have more space and more environmental enrichment, which could lead to better leg...

  20. Scent marking in shelter dogs: Effects of body size

    Contributor(s):: McGuire, Betty, Bemis, Katherine E.

    Placing scent marks in the environment allows individuals to transfer information without direct interactions. Given that body size often indicates competitive ability, small individuals may preferentially communicate via scent marking because direct social interactions are potentially costly....