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  1. Meditation on an animal

    Contributor(s):: Roberta Kalechofsky

    I have many times witnessed some of the most fantastic incidences of self-mutilation.

  2. Associative learning by cattle to enable effective and ethical virtual fences

    Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Henshall, J. M., Wark, T. J., Crossman, C. C., Reed, M. T., Brewer, H. G., O'Grady, J., Fisher, A. D.

    An ability of cattle to readily associate a non-aversive audio cue (conditioned stimulus) with an aversive but non-noxious electric shock (unconditioned stimulus) should enable virtual fences to control cattle in an ethical manner similar to conventional electric fencing. The first study was...

  3. Training dogs with help of the shock collar: short and long term behavioural effects

    Contributor(s):: Schilder, M. B. H., Borg, J. A. M. van der

    Behavioural effects of the use of a shock collar during guard dog training of German shepherd dogs were studied. Direct reactions of 32 dogs to 107 shocks showed reactions (lowering of body posture, high pitched yelps, barks and squeals, avoidance, redirection aggression, tongue flicking) that...

  4. Differential vocal responses to physical and mental stressors in domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa )

    Contributor(s):: Dupjan, S., Schon, P. C., Puppe, B., Tuchscherer, A., Manteuffel, G.

    vocalization can indicate an animal's emotional and/or physiological state. Thus, the detailed analysis of acoustic signals might provide a useful non-invasive method of assessing the welfare status of animals. Focussing on vocal expressions of distress, the present study examined vocal responses...

  5. Motivational trade-offs and potential pain experience in hermit crabs

    Contributor(s):: Appel, M., Elwood, R. W.

    One criterion of pain experience is that the emotional response to pain may be traded-off against other motivational requirements. This was tested in hermit crabs, housed in either preferred or unpreferred species of shells, by subjecting their abdomens to electric shocks of gradually increasing...

  6. The relationship between beliefs, attitudes and observed behaviours of abattoir personnel in the pig industry

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., McGregor, M., Hemsworth, P. H., Boyce, J., Dowling, S.

    Previous research has indicated that frequent use of aversive pig handling techniques by stockpeople prior to slaughter, in particular the use of an electric prod, results in poorer welfare and reduced meat quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of attitudes in the prediction...

  7. Trade-offs between feeding and shock avoidance in goldfish ( Carassius auratus )

    Contributor(s):: Millsopp, S., Laming, P.

    Previous work showed that goldfish learn to avoid a region of an aquarium where they receive a discrete shock to the flank. This avoidance is reduced if another fish is present next to the shock zone, suggesting fish trade-off avoidance against a tendency to associate [Dunlop, R., Millsopp, S.,...

  8. The effect of low energy electric shock on cortisol, beta -endorphin, heart rate and behaviour of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Reed, M. T., Henshall, J. M.

    Electrical stimuli are used increasingly to confine cattle, whether through conventional electric fencing or the development of 'virtual' fencing systems. Two experiments were conducted to assess behavioural, heart rate and stress hormone responses of cattle to electrical stimuli...

  9. Relating low perceived control and attitudes toward animal training: an exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Chin, M. G., Sims, V. K., Lum, H. C., Richards, M.

    The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between perceived control and views of animal training practices. Four hundred and thirty-seven participants completed a measure of perceived control in caregiving situations (Parent Attribution Test) and a 55-item questionnaire...