The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Hes getting under my skin! Comparing the sensitivity and specificity of dermal vs subcuticular lesions as a measure of aggression in mice
Contributor(s):: Gaskill, Brianna N., Stottler, Aurora, Pritchett-Corning, Kathleen R., Wong, Lilian K., Geronimo, Jerome, Garner, Joseph P.
Aggression is the leading cause of death in young laboratory mice, representing a major welfare issue. Many of the experimental measures used in traditional aggression research, especially those focusing on territorial aggression (e.g., resident/intruder) are poorly suited to examining dominance...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
Técnicas reconstrutivas em cirurgia oncológica de canídeos e felídeos
Contributor(s):: Alexandre Margarido Pargana
Actualmente, a doença oncológica é uma das principais causas de morte em canídeos e felídeos. A cirurgia é o método mais antigo e, ainda hoje, de maior sucesso no tratamento de neoplasias, podendo também ser usada como método...
Dermatite atópica canina : impacto na qualidade de vida do doente e seus donos
Contributor(s):: Catarina Isabel Ramalho de Oliveira Ruivo
A dermatite atópica canina (DAC) é uma doença cutânea pruriginosa, crónica, recorrente e multifactorial, sendo muito semelhante à doença no Homem, não só quanto à existência de uma hiperreactividade imunológica, mas...
Refinement of biomarker pentosidine methodology for use on aging birds
Contributor(s):: Cooey, C. K., Fallo, J. A., Avery, M. L., Anderson, J. T., Falkenstei, E. A., Klandorf, H.
Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.
Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth
Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.
The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....
Animals may act as social buffers: Skin conductance arousal in children with autism spectrum disorder in a social context
Contributor(s):: O'Haire, Marguerite E., McKenzie, Samantha J., Beck, Alan M., Slaughter, Virginia
Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs
Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.
Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...
Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.
In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.
Too often, too busy, too hard: matching regimen with reality - how antibiotic choices affect treatment outcomes and the human-animal bond
Contributor(s):: Goodman, L.
Body weight affects behavioural indication of thermal nociceptive threshold in adult domestic cats ( Felis catus)
Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Barrett, L. A., Adams, N. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Hekman, M., Thomas, D. G., Waran, N. K., Stafford, K. J.
Carbon dioxide (CO 2) thermal lasers have previously been validated for the assessment of nociception in cats. This experiment sought to assess the potential impact of factors associated with age, sex, body weight and sterilisation upon nociceptive threshold as measured by latency to display a...
Does stocking density modify affective state in pigs as assessed by cognitive bias, behavioural and physiological parameters?
Contributor(s):: Scollo, A., Gottardo, F., Contiero, B., Edwards, S. A.
Recent studies suggest that emotional state can affect cognitive abilities of humans and non-human animals, determining biases in information processing. Negative mental states, such as anxiety or depression, induce pessimistic judgments of ambiguous stimuli. These assumptions may be used to...